Various Traditions #13 by
"Lost Israelite Identity.
The Israelite Origin of Celtic Races" (1996).
Irish History and Yair in the Bible.
Re "THE HISTORY OF IRELAND FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE ENGLISH INVASION"
by Rev. Geoffrey Keating (ca.1570-1646), Keating says that the Invaders of
Ireland were first the Partholanians, then the Nemedians, the Fomorians, the Fir
Bolg, the Tuatha de Danaan [i.e. the People of Dana] (who came after being
defeated by "Syrians"), and finally the Milesians (descendants of Niul) whose
ancestor had been an associate of Caei the Eloquent from Judah (sic.) who was
also known as Iar son of Nemha. Niul befriended the Children of Israel under
Moses and was offered a portion with them in the Promised Land but he declined
and so was given by Moses a thousand men and a fleet of ships when left the
country. Niul begat Esru and Esru begat Sru. Due to the resentment of the
Egyptians they left Egypt and went to Scythia. Fifteen generations later led by
Batha son of Degatha their descendants migrated to Spain. They were called the
sons of Miledh. From the heart of Spain they were driven into the northwest of
Spain to Galicia in Spain and from there they launched their invasion of
We see from this account of Keating that the ancestors of the Milesians
were associated with Caei the Eloquent from Judah (sic.) who was also known as
Iar son of Nemha. IAR is an important figure in Gaelic history. Keating terms
Iar, "Iar son of Nemha" and he says he was also known as Caei the Eloquent from
Judah. Iar is therefore linked by Keating to both Nemha and to Judah. Iar is the
son of Nemha and he is also known as Caei from Judah. "Nemha" (i.e. in "Iar son
of Nemha" above) means sanctified and it means the same as the Hebrew name "Paresh"
which means separated or sanctified. Paresh in the Bible fathered a group in
Gilead of Menasseh with whom Yair in the Bible was associated and identified
with! Yair in the Bible was linked with both Menasseh and with Judah. The
descendants of Yair were known in the Middle East as the Iari. The Iari
descended from Yair. Keating in effect confirms the identification of Iar of
Irish tradition with Yair of the Bible.
The Bible in
[Numbers 32:39] AND THE CHILDREN OF
THE SON OF MANASSEH WENT TO GILEAD, AND TOOK IT, AND DISPOSSESSED THE AMORITE
WHICH WAS IN IT.
[Numbers 32:40] AND MOSES GAVE GILEAD UNTO
THE SON OF MANASSEH; AND HE DWELT THEREIN.
[Numbers 32:41] AND JAIR
THE SON OF MANASSEH WENT AND TOOK THE SMALL TOWNS THEREOF AND CALLED THEM
in the King James Version of the Bible is a transliteration of the Hebrew "Yair".
We see here that someone called Yair the son of Menasseh took towns in the
region of Gilead east of the Jordan River.
THE SON OF MANASSEH TOOK ALL THE COUNTRY OF
UNTO THE COASTS OF GESHURI
AND CALLED THEM AFTER HIS OWN NAME,
UNTO THIS DAY.
We see here that Yair of Manasseh took towns east of the Jordan.
AND MOSES GAVE INHERITANCE UNTO THE HALF TRIBE OF MANASSEH: AND THIS WAS THE
POSSESSION OF THE HALF TRIBE OF THE CHILDREN OF MANASSEH BY THEIR FAMILIES.
[Joshua 13:30] AND THEIR COAST WAS FROM
ALL THE KINGDOM OF OG
KING OF BASHAN,
AND ALL THE TOWNS OF JAIR,
WHICH ARE IN BASHAN,
We see here that there were towns named after Yair east of the Jordan in Bashan.
continues: [Joshua 13:31] AND HALF GILEAD, AND
CITIES OF THE KINGDOM OF OG
WERE PERTAINING UNTO THE CHILDREN OF
THE SON OF MANASSEH, EVEN TO THE ONE HALF OF THE CHILDREN OF
BY THEIR FAMILIES.
We see that the towns of Yair were in the territory of Machir of Menasseh.
AND AFTER HIM AROSE JAIR,
AND JUDGED ISRAEL TWENTY AND TWO YEARS
[Judges 10:4] AND HE HAD THIRTY SONS THAT RODE ON THIRTY ASS COLTS, AND THEY HAD
THIRTY CITIES, WHICH ARE CALLED
HAVOTHJAIR UNTO THIS DAY, WHICH
ARE IN THE LAND OF GILEAD.
We see that there was someone called Yair who had towns in Gilead east of the
Jordan. The Bible in the First Book of Chronicles chapter 22 speaks of the sons
of Judah. Judah had five sons. He had two of his sons (Zerah and Pharez) by
Tamar. Hezron was a son of Pharez son of Judah. The Bible tells us that Hezron
had sons named: JERAHMEEL, AND RAM, AND CHELUBAI [1-Chronicles 2:9]. The Bible
goes on to tell us that from Ram son of Hezron emerged the family of King David.
Then the Bible tells us about the genealogy of CALEB [i.e. CHELUBAI] THE SON OF
HEZRON [1-Chronicles 2:18]. After that Scripture, returns to deal with Hezron
and tells us that in his old age Hezron married a daughter of Machir son of
Menasseh and from this union emerged Yair who possessed cities in Gilead. Yair
was thus through his father Hezron a descendant of Judah but on the side of his
mother he was related to Machir and had his inheritance in Gilead.
2:21- AND AFTERWARD HEZRON
WENT IN TO THE DAUGHTER OF MACHIR
THE FATHER OF GILEAD, WHOM HE MARRIED WHEN HE WAS THREESCORE YEARS OLD; AND SHE
BARE HIM SEGUB.
[1-Chronicles 2:22] AND SEGUB
WHO HAD THREE AND TWENTY CITIES IN THE LAND OF GILEAD.
[1-Chronicles 2:23] AND HE TOOK
WITH THE TOWNS OF JAIR,
FROM THEM, WITH KENATH,
AND THE TOWNS THEREOF, EVEN THREESCORE CITIES. ALL THESE BELONGED TO THE SONS OF
THE FATHER OF GILEAD.
From the above, from the verses in Chronicles, we see that there was someone
called Yair who was descended on the side of his father from Hezron of Judah and
on the side of his mother he was descended from Machir the son of Menasseh. Yair
possessed towns in the territory of Machir who was the father of Gilead. It is
not our purpose at present to go into the question as to whether there was one
person named Yair or more than one personage of that name who lived more or less
in the same area at different times. It is enough to notice that in the Bible
the name Yair is linked both with Judah and with Machir son of Menasseh and that
Yair possessed towns in the region of Gilead. The name Yair in the dialect of
Northern Israel and of Phoenecia would have been pronounced as Iar. Descendants
of Yair are identified with the people known as the Iari who were very prominent
in ancient times in the area east of the Jordan and in Northern Syria.
We saw that in the account of Keating about Irish Traditions Iar was termed Iar,
the son of Nemh and that Nemh means the same as the Hebrew "Peresh". In the
Bible Peresh was linked with Machir the son of Menasseh and with Gilead. As we
7:16] AND MAACHAH
THE WIFE OF MACHIR
BARE A SON, AND SHE CALLED HIS NAME
AND THE NAME OF HIS BROTHER WAS
SHERESH; AND HIS SONS WERE
[1-Chronicles 7:17] AND THE SONS OF
THESE WERE THE SONS OF GILEAD, THE SON OF
THE SON OF MANASSEH.
We do not know from the above verses whether Peresh was the son of Machir son of
Menasseh and a brother of Gilead the son of Machir; or whether Peresh was
another name for Gilead; or whether Peresh was a son of Gilead who was the son
of Machir son of Menasseh. We do not know and at this point we do not have to
know. It is enough to notice that Peresh in the Bible was linked with Gilead and
with Menasseh the same way that Yair was linked with Gilead and Menasseh. In
Irish tradition Iar is linked with Peresh ("Nemh" in Irish), Iar was called Iar
son of Nemh, i.e. son of Peresh in Hebrew. Iar is also linked with Judah by
Keating. Yair is linked with Judah in the Bible. Keating therefore provides us
with additional evidence that the ancestor of groups in Ireland known, as "Iar"
in Irish tradition was the same as the Israelite Yair mentioned in the Bible.
The Clan of Yair in Israel, Ireland, and Scotland.
Brit-Am (Movement of the Ten Tribes) and Yair Davidiy.
Yair Davidiy founded the Brit-Am, Movement of the Ten Tribes,
in the early 1990s and again on a more formal basis in ca. 1998.
The History of Brit-Am
The purpose of Brit-Am is summarized in its Three Rs:
Research: Finding where the Ten Tribes are today.
Recognition -Bringing the Results of our Research to Public attention.
Reconciliation - Working towards the eventual re-unification of Joseph and Judah.
We research where the Lost Tribes went to and try to impart knowledge of our findings to the Jews of Judah and to descendants of the Ten Tribes.
We have found that from a Biblical Perspective the Ten Tribes are to be found amongst Western Peoples.
People of Irish, Scotch-Irish, and Scottish descent are important in our findings.
The mother of Yair Davidiy was Jewish. His father was not. The name Yair was not the one he was born with but he had a name that in the mouths of little children sounded similar to Yair
and (as we found much later) one of whose meanings was the same as that of Yair.
This name may (according to research information we came across in the course of studying other matters) also have been derived from the Hebrew name "Yair".
This Hebrew Name "Yair" we chose and was confirmed in us LONG BEFORE we began research on the Lost Tribes or seriously thought of doing so.
Lately we have discovered that our ancestors (on the paternal side) came from Ireland with relatives in Scotland.
Previously the family of our father had dwelt in Wales for generations. It was always assumed that Wales is where their ancestors came from.
As we have seen above the Biblical Figure of Yair came from Judah but settled amongst Manasseh.
His descendants are to be found in the British Isles, especially in Ireland and Scotland.
Yair Davidiy lives in Jerusalem, Israel. Yair is technically Jewish, identifies as a Jew, and has a Jewish Orthodox Religious life-style.
Yair also spreads knowledge of the Ten Tribes to both Judah and Israel especially Manasseh (the USA).
Perhaps there is some significance in the name "Yair" here?