Various Traditions #14 by
"Lost Israelite Identity.
The Israelite Origin of Celtic Races" (1996).
Semiramus, Bartholomew, and Partholon.
Another source of Classical Irish Mythological History are the "Annals of
Clonmacnoise". They were written sometimes after ca.1408 CE.
"Annals of Clonmacnoise, From the Creation to a.d. 1408," translated into
English by Conell MacGeoghagan, a.d.1627; ed. Rev.D.Murphy, Dublin 1896,
In these Annals a certain Bartholome is mentioned as coming to Ireland
in the time of Semiramis who the author states lived at the time of Abraham.
Semiramis historically was actually the mother or the widow of Pul. Pul was a
king of Assyria who was responsible for exiling at least part of the Israelites.
It is believed that Pul was another name for Tiglathpileser but this may be
wrong. At all events Pul was one of the Assyrian monarchs responsible for
exiling the Northern Israelites (1-Chronicles 5:26). Assuming that Bartholome
does represent an historical group who did come to Ireland at the time of
Semiramis we can say that Bartholomew came at the time when the Northern
Israelites were exiled from Israel. The author of these Annals probably made the
mistake of linking Semiramis with the time of Abraham since the Church Father
Eusebius also made the error of ascribing Semiramis to the period of Abraham.
An old English version (by Roberts) of this same tradition said that
the people who were led by Bartholome who sailed to Ireland came from Israel via
Irish Israelite Ancestry and 'Roberts'.
"The Annals of Clonmacnoise" say that "Jaruanell" was amongst those who
came next to Ireland. Jaruanell came from Greece along with Brittan who was the
ancestor of the Welsh. The name "Jaruanell" is another form of the name IAR who
was an ancestor of peoples in Ireland and Scotland and identified as Yair of the
Bible. Yair belonged both to the Tribe of Menasseh and to the Tribe of Judah.
The Assyrians referred to the descendants of Yair as the Iari.
The Clan of Yair
in Israel, Ireland, and Scotland.
"The Annals of Clonmacnoise" say that "The Tower of Conyn" (of "Conan"
in other versions, cf. "Canaan"?) was conquered by invading Fomorians. The "Ffirvolge"
also invaded Ireland. The "Ffirvolge" in other accounts are called the Fir Bolge
or sons of Bolge. They identified with the Belgae, groups of whom settled in
Britain, Ireland, France, and Belgium.
The "Twathy de Dannan" from Greece also arrived in the Emerald Isle of
Ireland. In other accounts these people, called by the Annals of Clonmacnoise,
"Twathy de Dannan", are usually referred to as the "Tuatha de Dannan" meaning
the "People of Dana". They were from the tribe of Dan. There was a strong
connection in Ancient Times between the Greeks and the Israelite Tribe of Dan.
The founder of Greek Civilization in Greek eyes was called Danaus. Ancient
Classical authors (such as Manetho and Diodorus of Sicily) identified Danaus of
Greek tradition with Dan of Israel. In Hebrew Greece is Javan and the Prophet
Ezekiel linked Dan and Javan (Greece) together as traders with the Phoenician
city of Tyre on the coast of Lebanon.
[Ezekiel 27:19] DAN ALSO AND JAVAN GOING TO AND FRO OCCUPIED IN THY FAIRS:
BRIGHT IRON, CASSIA, AND CALAMUS, WERE IN THY MARKET.
THE TRIBE OF DANA [TUATHA
Don and Bile.
The Welsh Version of their Origins
The Annals of Clonmacnoise therefore re-acquaint us with Bartholomew whom
Roberts described as coming from the Land of Israel.
Bartholomew is dated to the time of Semiriamis and therefore tot he Exile of the
Ten Tribes by Assyria.
Jaruanell (i.e. Yair, IAR) is described as embodying a separate body of
invaders. Jaruanell and Brittan were presumably of one kinship. They came from
Greece. Jaruanell went to Ireland, Brittan to Wales. Other groups included the
Fomorians, Firvolge (Belgae), and Twathy de Dannan (People of Dana).
Bartholomew is sometimes given as Partholomew. This may be a
representations of the Partholonians who in Keating are considered the
first group to reach Ireland and the ancestral body from which all the others
were somehow derived.
Irish Ancestors included
David Hughes ("The British Chronicles", 2007) says the
Partholonians were prominent in Ulster and in Scotland where they were referred
to as "Parthi".
Nennius (The History of the Britons ca. 830 CE) says that Partholon headed the
second major group to invade Ireland.
The Book of Invasions of Ireland (1000s CE) says Partholon was the son of Sera,
son of Sru, a descendant of Magog, son of Japheth, son of Noah. He came to
Ireland from the Middle East through Anatolia, Greece, Sicily and Iberia
(Spain). Our impression is that Church officialdom would not have looked kindly
on associations with Israel.
Partholon was the leader of the second group of people to settle in
Ireland.. his name may have been borrowed from a 'Bartholomaeus' who appears in
the Christian histories of St. Jerome and Isidore of Seville.
Partholon was the son of Sera son of Sru.
Both "Sru" and "Sera" are forms of the name Israel.
A list of Articles on similar themes:
Western Hebrew-Celtic Culture.