Cam Rea: "WERE THE EARLY GREAT
KINGS OF PERSIA ISRAELITES?"
"The First Kings of Persia were Hebrews!"
Were the Achaemenid Monarchs of Ancient Persia of Israelite Descent?
Cam Rea explores this question from a linguistic perspective.
by Cam Rea
The Persian Empire at the Height of its Extension
Foreword by Brit-Am
According to the article
"Achaemenids" by Jona Lendering,
The Achaemenids (Hakhamanisiya) were a royal dynasty of ancient Persia, named
after its legendary founder Achaemenes (Hakhamanis).
"The Achaemenid or Persian empire was founded by Cyrus the Great, who became
king of Persis in 559 BCE and defeated his overlord Astyages of Media in 550. "
Cyrus conquered Media, Cappadocia and Armenia in the west and Parthia, Aria and
Hyrcania in the east, as well as Lydia, Bactria, and Sogdia, parts of India and
the city of Babylon in 539. His capital was Pasargadae.
Cyrus took over the Babylonian Empire and issued a decree allowing the Exiles of
Judah to return to their land and rebuild the Temple.
In the past Brit-Am suggested that Cyrus was of Israelite origin from the Tribe
of Gad. His clan was known as Pasargadae (which name was later given to his
capital) and this name can mean (as noted already by de Gobineau) "Sons of Gad".
"Was Cyrus an Israelite"
Came Rea later developed this idea in a separate article, "Cyrus the Israelite".
"In 530, Cyrus was killed during a campaign against the Massagetae, a Scythian
Cyrus was succeeded by his son Cambyses, who conquered Egypt (525).
Darius who was a distant relative later became king and expanded the Empire.
Jona Lendering points out that:
"It should be stressed that there is not
a single piece of contemporary evidence that calls Cyrus or
(The texts that do, were written during the reign of Darius.) It is possible
that there was no link between the two first Persian kings and the family of
After Darius came Xerxes who campaigned against the Greeks (480-479). Then came
others the identity of whom is disputed. Conventional historians rely on Greek
accounts who give a series of monarchs that however do not conform with those
mentioned in other sources. At all events eventually the Achaemenian dynasty
came to an end and with it the Persian Empire which was replaced by the Greeks
under Alexander the great and his successors in the region the Seleucids.
In the article below Cam Rea suggests that the Achaemenids were of Israelite
Different Depictions of Cyrus and Darius
WERE THE EARLY GREAT
KINGS OF PERSIA ISRAELITES?
The Achaemenid dynasty's foundation is based on a man by the name of Achaemenes.
Not much is known about the man himself. However, he is considered the eponymous
founder according to the Behistun inscription of Darius I listed in his
genealogy. Cyrus the Great says nothing on the Babylonian cylinder about the
founder of their dynasty. However, Cyrus refers to himself as an Achaemenid on
the inscriptions found at Pasargadae, but it is also debated whether the
inscriptions are of Cyrus the Great as it could be quite possible that Darius I
wrote those inscriptions after Cyrus died. Nevertheless, there most likely was a
man by the name of Achaemenes. The only problem surrounding Achaemenes is, who
Let us start with the name Achaemenes. Achaemenes is a Greek form of
his name. His name in Old Persian is Hakhamanish, or Haxamanis, or in
Babylonian Ahamaniis, and in Elamite Haakkamannuis. In addition, we also have
Hakhamanas and Hakhamaneshi as well as Hakamanish. As you can see,
there are various spellings and pronunciations of his name. Now, the name
Hakhamanish is said to possibly mean "friendly-minded". Hakha or Sakha means
"friend or friendly", while the man in "manish" means "mind or minded." This
may be true, but there is another alternative to his name that should be
considered. Sakha is Sanskrit and Hakha is Old Persian. Both languages are
related to a certain degree. However, the term Sakha that is used in India
is also used when referring to the Saka and you can find the name Saka in Sakha
Sakha. In-addition, there was a tribe of Scythians called Sakha/Saka that
migrated into Northern India and seem to have settled in the Panjab/Punjab
region. The Sakha/Saka are also called Shaka, and their capital was Shakala in
Eastern Punjab. It now becomes possible that Hakha in Hakhamanish is
another form for the term "Saka". To give you fuller detail lets us look at the
similarities between the two names. Now, the Hakha and Sakha, both obviously
have "akha" found in the name, but consider that both share the letters aka
which is found in the word "Saka"?. Now, look at the name Hakha and the
Scythians called Shaka. Both once again share the "haka" in the name and Haka
was another form of Hakha. It also seems that Sakha/Hakha are similar to the
name "Sahak" which was another name for King Astyages and which means
Isaac, and Isaac is also rendered as "Ishak". Notice the "hak" in Ishak, which
bears similarities to Hakha and Sakha. In-addition, it also becomes possible
that Hak is an epithet of "Haik", which also means Isaac. Thus, it becomes
quite possible to suggest that Hakha or Sakha is not just the word friend or
friendly, but can also represent an origin, and that name seems to point to none
other then the Saka/Scythian tribes that bear the name Isaac.
The next bit that needs to be focused on is the manish in
Hakhamanish. As you have already read, there is a number of ways it is spelled.
Manish, Manis, Maniis, Mannuis, Manas, Maneshi, Menes. When looking at the
various forms of Manish, it becomes possible and thus speculated that all the
various names for Manish you have just read, point to the tribe known as
Manasseh. Take the name Manas that you have just read. Manas is also another
name for Manasseh. The same can be said for Mannuis, which seems to be similar
to Mannus, and is also linked to Manasseh. The name Menes could be linked to the
name "Menesen", which also seems to be connected to Ma-nasshe as well.
In-addition, the name Hakhamanish also bears the suffix ?ish or esh? which
represents a sense of being or be-longing to a certain tribe or a person of
ancestry. Thus, in conclusion to the meaning of the name Hakhamanish, it seems
plausible that his name could mean "Isaac of Manasseh".
 M. A. Dandamayev. ?ACHAEMENES,? http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v1f4/v1f4a108.html
 Bienkowski, Millard, Dictionary of the Ancient Near East, p. 1
 Tavernier, Iranica in the Achaemenid Period (ca. 550-330 B.C.), p. 17-18
 Herzog, Hauck, Realencyklopadie fur protestantische Theorogie und Kirche, p.
 Nabarz, The Mysteries of Mithras, p. 149
 Nanavutty, The Parsis, p. 177/ Culican, The Medes and Persians, p. 49
 Burton, Camoens: His life and His Lusiads, p. 656
 Wieseh?er, Ancient Persian, p. 239
 Hackmann, Buddism as a Religion: Its Historical Development and its pre-sent
conditions, p. 49
 Narain, Later Indo-Scythians, p. 121-122
 Davidy, Lost Israelite Identity, p. 56, 288
 Davidy, Lost Israelite Identity, p. 153-154/ Davidy, The Tribes, p. 147,
389, 404, 425, 350
1. Heschel, The Prophets, 184-185
2. Dalley, Myths from Mesopotamia, p. 285/ Sykes, A History of Persia, p. 118
3. Herodotus, The Histories, p. 70
4. Davidiy, The Tribes, p. 120
5. Boardman, The Cambridge Ancient History, p. 11
6. Rawlinson, A Manual of Ancient History: From the earliest times to the fall
of Rome, p. 85
7. Davidiy, The Tribes, p. 90, 116
8. Burke, Shahanshah: A Study of the Monarchy of Iran, p. 67
9. De Blois, Dahae I: Etymology", Encyclopedia Iranica, vol. 6, Cosa Mesa:
Mazda, p. 581
10. Collins, Parthia: The Forgotten Ancient Superpower And its Role In Biblical
History, p. 17
11. Herodotus, The Histories, p. 60
12. Davidiy, The Tribes, p. 30, 243
13. Pritchard, The Ancient Near East Vol 1, p. 206
14. Dandamaev, A Political History of the Achaemenid Empire, p. 67-68
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