THE WARS of GOG and MAGOG
by Alexander Zephyr.
Different Explanations as to the Identity of Gog.
Continued from Part One.
WARS of GOG
by Alexander Zephyr.
Different Explanations as to the Identity of
Before we go forward with our reasoning, we would like introduce to
our readers a few versions and interpretations from different sources on a
subject of the prophecy of Ezekiel 38 and 39 which described the Wars of Gog
wars against Judah and Israel in the latter years. Nobody argued about the
timing of these wars in general, because the prophet Ezekiel clearly stated that
Gog's attacks will occur 'after many days', 'in the latter years,' 'it (the
attack) shall be in the latter days' (Ezekiel 38:8, 16). Even so, there
are still a few misunderstandings in relation to Redemption, Reunification,
Advent of the Messiah and the Messianic Age events as to the following:
#Whether the Wars of
wars will have began before the Reunification of Judah and Israel?
#Will the Messiah (son of Joseph or son
of David) have been revealed and the Messianic Age started?
#Will the armies of
have armies initiated this attack on Israel after those events?
Clarification of these matters is very important for understanding the true
meanings of the Prophecies of Ezekiel.
Rambam (Maimonides), the great Jewish Sage, in Hilchos Melachim [Laws
of the Kings of Israel and their Wars] 12:2 advises us not to go into deep
detailed study on the subject of the Wars of Gog, the coming of the Messiah and
other sequences of future eschatological events. The 'knowledge of these matters
leads neither to fear not to love of God.' People can not understand the exact
meaning of the many obscure passages of the Scripture until the time of their
occurrence. It is enough to know future events in accordance with what Prophecy
revealed in general, without going beyond the plain meaning of the verses. 'The
detailed studies of these matters are in no way Principles of Faith,'
concluded Rambam. Well, despite this, we will try to go into some deep detailed
study of Ezekiel 38 and 39 to satisfy our curiosity and in order to counter the
arguments of other theories. We have nothing to lose: 'Knowledge of these
matters lead neither to fear not to love of God and in no way are principals of
Who is this mysterious Gog, ruler from the land of Magog and the prince of Rosh,
(or just chief prince) of Meshech and Tubal, around whom so many tragic events
will culminate in the End Times? Gog is a personality, a future demonic king, a
despot and a tyrant. Many Bible expositors think that King Gyges (716-678 or
687-652 BCE) of Lydia, in western Anatolia (the modern Republic of Turkey) was
the legendary Gog of the Bible. The Ancient Greek philosopher Plato (428-347
BCE) related a myth about Gog, who was a shepherd for the Lydian King Candaules
(735-718 BCE). While in the field, Gog found in the cave a golden ring which
could make him invisible any time he put it on his finger. So, the legend goes,
Gog went to the palace, became invisible, seduced the queen, killed the king and
made himself the ruler of Lydia. His country was called Gygea or Land of Gog.
Some scholars believe that Cambyses (530-523 BCE), king of Persia, or
Antiochus Epiphanes (175-163 BCE), king of Syria, representied Gog from the land
Others speculate that the Septuagint translation of Amos 7:1 with a
connection to Proverbs 30:27 pictured Gog as a 'King of Locusts,' leading his
hordes in attack on Israel in the latter years.
'Thus the Lord showed me, and behold, a swarm of locusts were coming, and
behold, one of the young devastating locusts was
the King' (Amos 7:1).
There are those who prefer the Russian theory that Gog will lead the
former Soviet Union forces allied with China and Iran, together with another
group of nations, put forward the candidature of Vladimir Putin as a future
pretender for the personification of Gog.
There are adherents of the Common Market of Europe theory, saying that
Gog will come from a newly resurrected Holy Roman Empire who will ally with
other enemy nations in wars against Israel. The role of Gog role is given to a
future leader of Germany, 'a little horn', who will become the main force behind
the European Union.
This 'king of fierce countenance', described by Prophet Daniel, is an
extremely crafty, cunning, deceitful -and bloody- individual, who will preach
peace but practice war (Daniel 8:23-25).
Gog is also the attributed name of an Angelic being, a Principality,
given charge over the land of Turkey, in a similar way to the 'Prince of
Persia', 'Prince of Greece', or 'Michael, one of the chief Princes, given charge
over Israel' (Daniel 10:12-21).
There is also an opinion that Gog and Magog are the Ten Tribes of
Israel trapped behind the legendary Gates-barrier of Alexander the Great in the
Caucasus Mountains to prevent them from invading the nations of the south.
The Khazars who lived between the Caspian and Black Seas were also
associated with Gog and Magog by Christian and Muslim writers. Ahmad ibn Fadlan,
the Arab traveler, noted in his writings that Gog and Magog were ancestors of
A Georgian chronicle too identifies the Khazars with Gog and Magog,
describing them as 'wild men with hideous faces and the manners of wild beasts,
eaters of blood.'
Another opinion says that the place of Gog may possibly be in Georgia of
the former USSR whose capital is Tbilisi (indicating a connection with Tubal,
son of Japheth). There was a Gogarene province in Iberia (Georgia) in the
Some Muslim scholars believed that Gog and Magog are the Mongols who in
the past caused a lot of damage to Muslim Civilization in Central Asia. The
Great Wall of China in the Arabic language is called 'the Wall of Al Magog.'
In Midrashic Literature Gog is identified with Romulus, a legendary
founder of ancient Rome.
In Midrash Bereishis Rabban 76:5 Gog is 'the 11th king of the 4th beast with the
10 horns' of Daniel chapter 7.
The Hebrew Bible (1-Chronicles 5:4) mentions the name Gog as that of an
ancestral figure from the Tribe of Reuben, first born son of Israel.
There is also a Talmudic tradition that Gog will be a descendant of Esau
(Edom) the archenemy of Israel, and his fighting forces will consist mainly of
Japhethic nations in alliance with Hamitic countries.
Malbim, (1809-1879 CE), Rabbi Meir Leibush, a preacher and Bible
commentator, said that the identity of Gog will remain shrouded in mystery until
the time he actually arrives.
List of Contents Concerning Gog and Magog.
Questions and Answers about Gog and Magog.
TO BE CONTINUED!
See Part Three.
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