Brit-Am Megalithic Bulletin Update
16 Shevat 5772, 16 February 2012
1. New Henge (Earth Rampart) Discovered at Stone Henge.
2. Galgal Refaim in Israel and Place-Names in Sweden.
3. The Sacred Isle: An Introduction to Irish Megalithics.

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Brit-Am Megalithic Bulletin Update

1. a New Henge (Earth Rampart) Discovered at Stone Henge.
Brit-Am Megalithic Bulletin Update
The discovery of a previously unknown henge monument has been found close to Stonehenge.

Using the latest geophysical imaging techniques, which "see" below the ground without excavation, it is possible to make out a dark circle of interrupted ditch. There are two wider gaps opposite each other - these were entrances to the monument and are aligned on the midwinter sunset and midsummer sunrise - like Stonehenge itself. Inside the ditch it is also possible to discern the slight shadows of 24 postholes encircling the the central area, 25 metres in diameter. Near the centre are more dark areas indicating pits, and a large shadow suggesting that a mound was constructed there, perhaps in a later phase of the monument's use. The henge probably dates to around 2500-3000BC, contemporary with Stonehenge.

History is set to be rewritten after an archaeology team led by the University of Birmingham and the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology in Austria discovered a major ceremonial monument less than one kilometre away from the iconic Stonehenge.

2. a Galgal Refaim in Israel and Place-Names in Sweden.
Morbid theory in mystery of Israel's answer to Stone Henge
Forwarded by Orjan Svensson from Sweden.


Comments by Orjan:
I find it interesting that Rujm in Arabic means "heap of stones" or "hill". Many Swedish place-names have RUM in their name. Maybe it could be of the same origin... maybe Hebrew RoGeM'
[In  Hebrew RoGeM means to throw stones at.]

Archaeologist Rami Arav links structure of concentric stone circles in the Golan Heights, known as Rujm al-Hiri in Arabic and Galgal Refaim in Hebrew, to ancient method of disposing of the dead.


The site's name means "stone heap of the wild cats" in Arabic. In Hebrew it is known as Galgal Refaim, or the "wheel of ghosts." It was first noticed by scholars in 1968, a year after Israel captured the Golan Heights from Syria, and despite its intriguing nature it has attracted few visitors. Unmarked, it lies an hour's hike from the nearest road, near old minefields, an abandoned military bunker and a few grazing cattle.

Rujm al-Hiri's unremarkable appearance from the ground belies its striking form when seen from the air: It consists of four circles ' the outermost more than 500 feet across ' made up of an estimated 42,000 tons of basalt stone, the remains of massive walls that experts believe once rose as much as high as 30 feet. It is an enormous feat of construction carried out 6000 years ago by a society about which little is known.

Most scholars have identified Rujm al-Hiri as some kind of ritual center, with some believing it connected to astronomical calculations. Archaeologist Yonathan Mizrahi, one of the first to excavate there, found that to someone standing in the very center of the circles on the morning of the summer solstice in 3000 B.C., "the first gleam of sunrise would appear at the center of the northeast entryway in the outer wall."

Freikman's excavations have yielded almost no material remains of the kind that are common at most archaeological sites, he said. That is significant, however, as it confirms that the site was never lived in and was thus not a defensive position or a residential quarter but most likely a ritual center of some kind ' possibly, he said, one indeed linked to a cult of the dead.

3. a The Sacred Isle: An Introduction to Irish Megalithics.
That these engravings deal with astronomical themes is demonstrated in several sites, where the artwork is illuminated by the light of the sun or moon at a chosen time in the cycle of the body in question.

Irish mythological stories list the early inhabitants of Ireland: The Parthelonians, the Nemedians, The Formorians, The Fir Bolg, The Tuatha De Danann and the Celts. Many of the stories refer to megalithic monuments as being inhabited by one or another of these tribes, and in particular many are associated with the Tuatha De Danann. One of the chief members of the Tuatha De Danann, The Dagda or Good God was said to live in Newgrange, and also to have a home by Lough Arrow, presumably at Heapstown.


Dolmen 13 at Carrowmore, in a beautiful watercolour by William Wakeman dating from the late 1870's when he illustrated many monuments in County Sligo.

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The name "Ephraim" in Hebrew Letters as Seen
by Satellite in the Hills of Ephraim

See also:
BAMBU Archives: Contents

For a Map and List of Israelite Migratory Routes see:

For more maps of the Megalithic Trail of Migration see:

There is much archaeological evidence some of which we have quoted in the past.

Dolmens and the Bible

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