1. Rich Griffiths: Chaim Herzog, Queen Elizabeth and King David
2. Richard B: U.S.A. (Ephraim) Dominates
3. Khazar Find in Sweden
Date: Mon Jun 24, 2002 1:49 am
Subject: Chaim Herzog, Queen Elizabeth and King David
Several weeks ago I finished reading Chaim Herzog's biography "Living
History." It is a deeply moving and inspiring story of one man's devotion to
God and his people. Herzog was a soldier, scholar and statesman--a good
example for us all of what it means to actively work to promote good and to
fight for freedom.
As president of Israel Herzog met with many world leaders including the
English Royal family. On page 8 he relates an interesting conversation he and
his wife had with Queen Elizabeth II at Winsdor Castle while discussing his
"My mother's father was a descendant of Rabbi Samuel Isaac Hillman, who, six
generations earlier, was a rabbi of Metz in Germany. In the introduction to
his books, the rabbi of Metz maintained that he was a direct descendant of
Rabbi Katzenelenbogen of Hamburg, who officiated in the seventeenth century.
Rabbi Katzenelenbogen, for his part, maintains in the introduction to his
Talmudic responsa, "Knesset Yehezkel," that he is descended from Rashi (Rabbi
Shlomo ben Yitzchak), who lived in Troyes, France in the eleventh century.
Considered the greatest interpreter of the Bible and the Talmud, Rashi
claimed descent from King David. (Once, when we lunched with Queen Elizabeth
II at Windsor Castle, my wife Aura, told her about this alleged descent from
royalty. The queen smiled and said that she was also supposed to be descended
from King David. "Welcome to the family," Aura responded without
Alleged perhaps but it is more likely we reading of fulfilled prophecy:
From Judah will come the cornerstone,
from him the tent peg
from him the battle bow
from him every ruler.
From: Viceric <bayhome@n...>
Subject: re: Ephraim/USA
Read your "explanations" about Ephraim
or Manasseh, with particular
interest in the dominance of the 20th Century and it Wars and Cold Wars.
Re: World War II, for example --- We do not wish to take away from the
brilliant performance of Manasseh, in such feats as the Battle over the
English Channel with the Spitfires and Hurricanes, nor the splendid
technical achievements of radar which assisted those brave pilots in their
Victory. But it was not until the entry of Ephraim (USA) into the conflict
(Dec. 1941) that Prime Minister Winston Churchill was moved to write in his
diary that he could finally sleep soundly knowing that the war would
finally be won. The industrial might and technical knowledge (e.g. at
M.I.T. with combined U.S. and British scientists refining improvements on
Radar, and in White Sands, New Mexico, at the Manhatten Project), Ephraim
(U.S.A.) DOMINATED the outcome of World War II. (This includes the massive
military aid to the Soviet Union when it was on its heals against the Nazi
agression; but, again, not taking away from the heroic Soviet Defenders who
suffered multi-millions of casualties.)
QUESTION TO YOU, MR. YAIR DAVIDY: Which Nation in this End Time dominates
the World politics and events? It is the U.S.A. (Ephraim). It is from the
prophecy of Yahweh, which even President Abraham Lincoln was familiar:
Telling America to humble itself before the Almighty, since its greatness
and wealth is not from its own doing but from the Blessings of the Almighty
Creator (Yahweh). Hence, Thanksgiving was instituted by President Lincoln,
calling for an annual day of National Repentance, that was prompted by the
calamity of the American Civil War. But now Yahweh has been forgotten in an
orgy of Football mania and gluttony, self-congratulation and pretentious
pride in its military might. (Not unlike Yahuda!)
Sincerely, Richard B.
Maybe. see Micah 5 where Ephraim is represented by a lion. We used to speak
of the British lion.
Check the accompanying "Jerusalem News"-59 item 3. Khazar Find in Sweden.
For other Khazar finds in Sweden see:
G o o g l e's cache of http://home.swipnet.se/~w-14723/birka/birke010.html.
Birka at the Silkroad
© 1997, Mats Philip <phil@r...>
A port of transit and an outpost in
Sweden of the Silkroad to northern and
Alas, Birka in central Sweden, "the
town of the Vikings", might not have
been inhabited by "Vikings" at all, in spite of the popular view, nor was
it governed by the local "king" or his retinue. The development of Birka
would then eventually be understood as a consequence of the development of
the Silkroad to the North.
This route of trade, mainly of silk
and silver, went from the turkic
Khazarian empire in the southeastern Europe along the Volga river system
and across the Baltic Sea, to the Frankic and Anglosaxon kingdoms and, at a
later stage, to the German-Ottonian kingdom, in the northwestern Europe.
Its era of prosperity, during a couple of hundred years from around 770 to
970 AD, was abruptly cut off by an attack from the Kievan realm, duly
followed by a cataclyzmal change of the existing economical, social,
mercantile as well as political positions and structures in northern Europe.
Birka of central Sweden, the very Byrca
of the medieval European
chronichles, was founded along with other similar trading places in eastern
and northern Europe, during the late 8th century. One such place was the
present Staraja Ladoga, at the eastern connexion of the eastern river
systems to the Baltic, in the chronicles called Aldeigjuburg or Ostroburg
(Turk. Altevkiyibir or Aldoghubir, that is "the lower trading place" or
"the trading place of the red east"). Another was the present day Hedeby,
called Haithabu-Ta"ngrilbyr in the chronicles (Turk. Ta"ngribir, that is
"The trading place of the Lord"), at the southwest corner of the Baltic.
The significance of Birka
Birka comprised a strategically placed
port of trade, in a secluded and
secure bay midway in the Baltic, but still perfectly reachable for all
kinds of eastern and western ships of trade. According to Rimbert, an
eyewitness and chronicler of the time, Birka was the place where
"negotiatores et populi", that is intermediary merchants and several
different peoples, from the East to the West, met in trade and handicraft.
At Birka large loads of silk and other important merchandise were
negotiated and subsequently handed over to the buyers.
[Claims that Birka was autonomous and not subject to the local ruler]
Evidence in findings
The archaeological material in Birka
brings a strong impression of a
freeport of trade and a small factory activity. A broad track of a relative
concentration of phosphate in the soil, outside the settlement and between
the harbours, indicates a large and intensive activity of loading ships and
handling of loads of merchandise. Significant findings like e.g. the
khazaric ceramic jar, other objects of fine eastern art and especially the
khazarian imperial eagle in bronze, give, in parallel with the total lack
of runic inscriptions, the evidence and impression of a manifest presence
of external and prestigious cultures, from east and west, and of their
economical and political dominance during the whole period.
The striking or rising eagle, Togrul
or Togarmah (Turk. "the powerful
eagle"), represents for Khazars the messenger and mediator of Ta"ngri
(Turk. "The Lord-God-The sun"). It also represents the sacred royal
imperial power (Hebr. Malchut Ha-Shmayim), since more than three thousand
years and is the heraldic symbol of the two merged royal clans (Hebr.
Ha-Shechina and Turk. Ashina). Thus it is the very emblem of any Khagan
(Turk. "King of Kings, Emperor") of Khazars. This is also described on a
Swedish runic stone, telling us about the inglorious defeat some Swedes
experienced from the Khazars and their "eagle", the Khagan, in "Khazarland"
in their distant quest for the riches of the Silkroad: "They went manly,
far for gold, and in the eastern lead fed the eagle. They died eastward in
The structures of streets, houselots
and houses in Birka seem unique for
the context of Birka, Hedeby and Staraja Ladoga, but indicates a connection
to other places of trade in the southeast along the Silkroad. The imperial
emissaries and the foremost merchants evidently lived in fine houses, the
craftsmen and the servants in the surrounding chacks, within the absolute
town, and the thralls and the seamen in the peripheral collective halls
nearby their work and ships.
The traditional cremations of the serving
common people constitute most of
the more than two thousand burials at Birka. However, a couple of hundreds
are exclusive chamberburials with a strong eastern turkic touch or very
plain coffinburials in a continental christian-jewish style, let be with a
completely natural Scandinavian adaption. It seems impossible to regard
these as representing anything else, than the last resorts of some of the
nobleborn imperial emissaries and esteemed merchants from the Khazarian and
"Viking" or Khazar?
Roughly, a hundred very rich chambergraves,
especially those around twenty
featuring the ancient scythian-altaic custom of offering horses, comprise
an overwhelming amount of eastern and khazaric features. These are e.g.
short hussar jackets, kaftans, furbrimmed and pointed hats, balloon
trousers, probably dubble bent altaic bows with quivers and arrows, buttons
and other dress mountings, horse garments and mountings such as stirrups
and bridles, personal weapons such as spears, axes, daggers and frankic and
other swords, occasionally featuring Togrul, the eagle, at the sheath.
Silvercoins are occasionally present
in the graves, as the so called Birka
or Hedeby coinage (Scand. arch. Nordiska Mynt, Omra*de II, Engl. "Nordic
Coinage, Area II"), of a so far unknown origin. However, they may very well
be stamped on Khazarian demand by the often jewish minters, somewhere along
the Silkroad, from frankic and arabic models. Thus loads of faked arabic
dirhems were produced within the Khazarian empire.
The symbols on these "Nordic" coins
may very well be interpreted as
khazaric: sunsymbols, representing God, originally the traditional sungod
Ta"ngri-Khan, yurts (traditional nomad tents), ships of trade, fine horses
and the two confronting roosters, representing the two rival Khagans of the
Khazarian empire and the Kievan domain. Occasionally one is able to read
hebrew characters, also very well understood by the jewish merchants and
nobles of the Khazarian empire. The most significant character is the shin
(Hebr. Sh or S) for Sha (Pers. "Emperor, Khagan") and shma [israel] (Hebr.
"Hear[ O Israel]!").
The significance of the Khazarian empire
In the beginning of the 7th century
the Khazars founded a double khaganate
north of the mountains of Caucasus in, what is now, southern Russia.
Khazars soon gained fame as the most effective warriors and experts on
mounted warfare. Initially they were frequently engaged at large as
mercenary troops by most of the great powers around.
Towards the middle of the 8th century
the Khazarian empire was consolidated
to a fully developed, polyethnical, cosmopolitical, and openminded feudal
state, featuring a splendid noble linage, a military chivalry, a great
mounted force and a higher middle class of merchants and administrators.
The Khazarian empire now covered an area from the Carpatians in the west,
to the Aral sea in the east, and from Kiev at the Dnepr and Bulgar at the
Volga rivers in the north, to the Black and Caspian seas and all the way to
Sogdiana in the south.
The Khazarian empire had established
a network of trading places, it had
seized and moved the Silkroad away from Persia, it had restricted and
regulated the Scandinavian penetration and put an end to the eastern moslem
expansion. The nobility openly had admitted their belonging to mosaism
(prerabbinical judaism) to significantly emphasize their neutrality to and
independence of christianity and islam. The Khazars taxated all the peoples
in the area. They collected duty of customs from alien and cooperative
trading companies, such as the Varangians from the island of Gothland and
the center of mainland Sweden.
The town of Kiev (Turk. "the site at
the shore"), at the Dnepr river, had
been founded by the Khazars around the beginning of the 8th century, as a
trading and administrative center in the western part of the Khazarian
empire. The Scandinavians accordingly called it Changard or Ko"nuga*rd
(Swe. "The stronghold of the Kha[ga]n). A process of defection rose among
the western Khazars during the 9th century primarily as a result of a harsh
rabbinisation and an extensive immigration of jews from mainly Byzantium to
the Khazarian empire. Hence, the cultural and ethnical fusion between the
western Khazars and the other peoples of that area, like Slavs,
Scandinavians and Magyars increased. The emerging Kievan state showed
itself as a fullscale competitor to the Khazarian empire towards the latter
part of the 9th century.
Hence, the great Silkroad to the northern
and western Europe was routed
from Byzantium, the Caliphates, Sogdiana nd China, along the Don-Volga
river system and the Baltic sea through the sites of support and transit
Sarkel, Itil, Bulgar, Staraja Ladoga, Birka and Hedeby to the final
destinations of Dorestad and London. This trade was run jointly by the
Khazarian, Frankic-Frisian, Varangian and later German houses of trade and
closely monitored by the foremost merchants, bankers, emissaries, tally
masters and other commanding officers, as well as, at call, a small, but
harsh, mounted detachment of warriors to support the diplomacy.
Birka, Hedeby and Staraja Ladoga were
abandoned by the Khazars. The
Varangians of Staraja Ladoga managed to conduct a small rill of silktrade
with the former Khazarian subjects, the Bulgars of Volga, and their city of
trade Bulgar. At times small camel caravans from China managed to get
there. There was no one to maintain Birka and Hedeby. The recently
flourishing Birka was soon to be totally deserted, Hedeby some time later.
They were never to be rebuilt!
The breaking down of the Khazarian dominance,
their withdrawal and the
following devastating consequences in economical loss and organizational
vacuum, meant a collapse to the Silkroad. This became a starting point for
a desperate and revolving attempt to reorganize trade. A troubled time of
conflict and economo-political change emerged in the whole affected area
from around 970.
Note if the above is true it also reflects
on the Anglo-Saxons since Hedeby
had been an Anglo-Saxon center
and the place where the great ancestor Sheld Sceafing son of Shem had
appeared as a child sleeping on an oarless boat.
Sheld taught his people the virtues of civilization.
Check runic inscriptions in Hebrew found
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