Brit-Am Now no. 1333: The Lost Tribes of Israel
April 28 2009, 4 Iyar 5769
1. Question on the danger to Israel from Turkey-Togarma
2. On-Line Video re Israelites in Africa
3. More on Africa: Phoenicians in Mauritius?


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1. Question on the danger to Israel from Turkey-Togarma
Amnon Goldberg wrote:

Togarmah is a nation referred to in Ezekiel 38 as taking part in the War of Gog and Magog, in invading Israel from the north. Does it refer to Turkey?
According to this report
Turkish tanks (which were recently upgraded with the latest
elecronics and fire control by the Israelis themselves!) are now exercising with Syrian tanks in Syria. Turks are training the Lebanese army, half of which is sympathetic to Hizbollah.
Turks have a reputation for being "
levantine" and duplicitous.
In 2006, "mighty" Israel could not manage to subdue "puny"
Hizbollah. Even without all the other nations depicted in the Gog and Magog confederacy, can Israel withstand an attack by Turkey, Syria, Lebanon and Hizbollah combined?!


Brit-Am Reply:
Togarma in ancient times is identified with a people once found in what is now eastern Turkey.
The Assyrians referred to them as Tilgarmu.  They neighbored Hittite and Edomite entities.
Later according to our understanding segments of all of them moved to Central Asia and helped give rise to the Turkish peoples. The so-called Turkish were a mixture of races from the beginning.
The term "Turk" was more of a cultural-linguistic term than an ethnic one. This culture may in fact have been received by them from outside sources. At all events the "Turks" in Central Asia were known as "Togar" and identified with Togarma.
Later they returned and conquered what is now Turkey imposing their language and culture on it. More than 80% of the citizens of Turkey descend from indigenous population who were conquered by the "Turks".  Nevertheless it may well that at least part of the '"Turks" from Central Asia who did the conquering had emerged from "Turkey" in the first place.

Historically the Turks at times were relatively enlightened and treated the Jews reasonably.
At other times they did not.
In their relationships with others they were known to be treacherous, not to keep their word, break treaties, and often extremely cruel.
The Armenian massacres were only one in a series of extermination campaigns the Turks conducted against those they were opposed to.
In World War One the Turks mistreated the Jews in "Palestine" greatly and considered massacring them just as they had done to the Armenians. A German officer (or officers) attached to the Turks in an advisory and directional capacity saved the few Jews who had remained in "Palestine" during the War.

The Turks are also known as possessing military qualities and being proficient fighters.
Potentially they can be very dangerous.
They are not to be under-estimated.
Nevertheless, if the Jews in Israel remain true to themselves or even merely function normally they should be able to deal with any threat from that direction.
Concerning the Hizbollah there is a tendency to exaggerate exactly what happened in the Israeli campaign against them.
The Israelis beat them easily and caused them serious losses while incurring relatively few casualties themselves.
There were problems. The Israelis were not prepared as they should have been and they allowed considerations of "International opinion, etc" to interfere with the conduct of their fighting.
There is nothing much we can really do except pray, learn Torah, be better people, keep the guns oiled and not hesitate to use them if necessary.
The Muslims are naturally terrified of the Israelis. When however Israel vacillates and looks weak and lacking in resolve to defend itself the animalistic predatory instincts of these primitives take control over them.

2. On-Line Video re Israelites in Africa
Our Brit-Am Biblical Studies 1-Kings ch.9 dealt with gold from Ophir
meaning from Mozambique in South Africa.
This will be followed by 1-Kings ch.10 and the Queen of Sheba.
At one stage some form of Hebraic Faith does seem to have been practiced throughout much of Ethiopia. What exactly was the nature of this faith and how it got there could be of interest.
The Midrash says that as a result of the visit of the Queen of Sheba the Kingdom of Sheba converted.
Historically in Yemen there were periods when there were monarchs who practised Judaism due to they or their ancestors having converted.
Yemen (In the Arabian Peninsula) had strong contacts with Ethiopia and with other parts of the east of Africa.
The online video-clip below is of interest.
It discusses the Lemba in northern South Africa who claim to be of Israelite origin.
We disagree though their priestly caste may be somehow connected.
The clip is interesting. It shows the existence of an ancient civilization in Zimbabwe, possible Israelite connections, links to Yemen. The clip also shows a few shots of Israel and Sarmaria and discusses the Lost Tribes in general.

One day perhaps Brit-Am will be able to put out documentaries along similar lines but even better and have them viewed on the Web and worlwide TV stations?

The History Channel
Digging For The Truth - The Lost Tribe of Israel
Lemba, South Africa, Ancient city of Zimbabwe, Samaria in Israel, West Bank
in Israel, Megiddo, Exile of the Ten Tribes

3. More on Africa: Phoenicians in Mauritius?

Mauritius Location

Source of Map:
Location of Mauritius

Good Day, Yair Davidiy  
 Further information in English about the Seven Pyramids in Mauritius.
Very nice pictures of the pyramids. However, a map showing Mauritius in a
wrong position.
Seafaring Goth / Bo
Ingvar Ronn / Mauritius

Extracts Only:
Seven pyramids identified on the African island of Mauritius

Seven pyramids have been identified on the African island of Mauritius. Remarkably, in construction, they are identical to the ones found on the island of Tenerife, an island on the opposite side of the continent. It underlines the likelihood that one civilisation sailed to various islands off the coast of Africa and constructed these structures.

The island of Mauritius is part of the Mascarene Islands and is in the Indian Ocean, about 900 kilometres (560 miles) east of Madagascar. The island is 61 km long and 47 km wide, and sits just north of the Tropic of Capricorn. In origin, it is a volcanic island.
The historical record shows that the island was known to Arab and Austronesian sailors as early as the 10th century; Portuguese sailors first visited in 1507. Mauritius was first plotted on a map in 1502, made by the Italian Alberto Cantino. The Arabs called the island Dina Harobi, while the planisphere identifies all three Mascarene islands (Reunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues) and calls them Dina Margabin, Dina Harobi and Dina Morare.
It is suspected that prior to the Arabs, Mauritius was known to certain people living on the African shores, as well as the famous Sea Peoples, a confederacy of seafaring raiders, which included the proto-Phoenicians. The Greek account of Periplus relates the story of Hanno (Hannan), the Carthaginian navigator, who lived in the 5th century BC, and who traversed the Straits of Gibraltar at the command of ships that would explore the African coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. Herodotus describes a Phoenician expedition leaving the Red Sea and traversing the "sea of the south", and, following the orders of the Egyptian Pharaoh Necho II (610-595 BC), entered back into the Mediterranean Sea through the Straits of Gibraltar, which means they circumnavigated Africa.

The seven small pyramids that have been identified are located on the south side of the island... Their foundation is rectangular and in height, they do not exceed twelve metres; they have between 6 and 11 terraces. In appearance, they are similar to the pyramids located on another volcanic island off the western coast of Africa, Tenerife; similar structures also exist on the Mediterranean island of Sicily, which is also volcanic in origin.
There are many parallels between the pyramids of Mauritius and Tenerife. On both island, the pyramids are part of a complex: a series of pyramids grouped together in one location. On both islands, the pyramids are made from lava stone and the construction does not use any mortar or other connecting agent. Some of the structures on Mauritius have been partially dismantled, with the stones remployed nearby. In one coating of basalt rollers, there can be found limestone blocks underneath, no doubt of coral origin.
The Tenerife pyramids equally do not surpass 12 metres in height, and detailed photographs of the terracing makes it clear that one cannot distinguish whether one is observing a pyramid on Tenerife or Mauritius. In the case of "Mauritius Pyramid 1", access to the upper platform is via a central staircase. This has been restored in a whiter stone, and is therefore more visible. Not all pyramids have such an access ? again on par with their Tenerife cousins. It suggests that there is a commonality between the two islands that is beyond the coincidental.

Some of the Mauritius pyramids, with their platforms, could have been used for astronomical observations. This too would be on par with Tenerife, specifically at the Guimar complex. ...

 Heyerdahl argued that the Maldives were located on an Eastern maritime trading route that was used by various ancient civilisations, coming from the Middle East.
The ancient Egyptians used the Phoenician fleet to carry out expeditions, and it is known that the Phoenicians constructed astronomical temples that were perfectly aligned to the cardinal points and solar phenomena. With the discovery of identical pyramid complexes on Tenerife, Sicily and now Mauritius, it is clear that these are remnants of a seafaring culture, which has left traces on islands on various sides of the African continent.



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