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Brit-Am Now no. 1176
Date 22 Sivan 5768 25 June 2008
1. Question on the Commentary of Abarbanel and the identification of England with "Zerefath" (Obadiah 1:20) of the Lost Ten Tribes.
2. New Brit-Am Book on the
3. Please keep us informed of your plans to come to the US
Tarshish in Britain?
5. Hard Times for us all?
6. Historical Prejudice Against Red-Heads
7. Brit-Am Comment on Tribal Jealousy?
Reuben versus Judah?


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Biblical Truth.
The Lost Ten Tribes of Israel
according to the Book of Genesis

Biblical Prophecy Predicted that the Lost Tribes of Israel would be found amongst Western Nations.
Biblical Verses analysed in the light of the Hebrew language, Rabbinical Commentary, and Historical Reality.
A valuable educational, inspirational, and enjoyable work

More Details

1. Question on the Commentary of Abarbanel and the identification of England with "Zerefath" (Obadiah 1:20) of the Lost Ten Tribes.

John wrote:

Hi Yair,

I should tell you that I have genuinely learned a lot from your books, and articles. I don't know of anyone who publishes more information, and cross references to pertinent sources than you.

Could I please ask a question I have wondered about.

In your article on the Tribes return you reference Don Isaac Abarbanel, one of the great Medieval Rabbis, who believed that Zaraphath was France (as others thought), and Britain also (which I understand was unique). Is the commentary where he says that published in English in hardcopy, or in etext where I can get a copy of it?

Thank you so much for any help locating this text.



Brit-Am Reply:
The Commentary you are referring to is quoted at:
Commentary on the book of OBADIAH
Rashi says the Lost Tribes went to "Zerefat which the Commentators says is the Land called France"
Nachmanides says the Lost Tribes "went to  Zerefat which is at the ends of the far north" [Zerefat could mean North France and the area to the north of it] Abarbanel says that by Zerefat is meant both France and England together.
Here we quote from Rashi, Nachmanides (Book of Redemption), and Abarbanel.
Rashi on the Taanach is available in English Translation probably in several versions.
Nachmanides "Book of Redemption" is part of Nachmanides Writings which have been translated.
I have heard that Nachmanides "Book of Redemption" is now available separately in English Translation but I have not seen it.
Apparently it was published after we published our own translation of an excerpt from  it:
Abarbanel as far as I know is not yet available in English. His Commentary however is very copious, would entail the equivalent in English of several large volumes. In Hebrew it is a large work and Hebrew works translated into English usually come out longer. It would take years of work, require someone who was very knowledgeable to do it justice as well as having a good sense of Stylish Literature and at the end there would be only a limited demand for it. The only people who could appreciate the value of the finished work would be those who would not need it. He also has a very flowery style with nearly every sentence comprised of Biblical quotations and segments of Biblical verses linked together. This would make translation very difficult but it could be done.
Despite the difficulties I would not be surprised if a translation appears shortly.

2. New Brit-Am Book on the Khazars
We are preparing a book on the Khazars.
Details may follow shortly.
This book could be very important.
A lot of new facts have been uncovered in addition to those we have already mentioned in articles about the Khazars on our web-site.

The work will prove the Hebrew origins of the Khazars many of whom converted to Judaism.
It will  show the Khazar connection to certain European Peoples and also discuss points proving their Hebrew origins.
The work in style and presentation is somewhat different from our previous works.
We believe we have had the help of Divine Providence in writing and researching it.
This work contains much material important to both Judah and Joseph.
The chances are that it will be well received or at the least well-publicized.
It could well strengthen the overall positive impression Brit-Am projects as well as bring many from Judah closer to Brit-Am concepts.
Members of  "Joseph" will also find much of importance and of great interest in this work.
The Khazars were descendants of the Lost Ten Tribes related to Western Peoples who attached themselves to Judah.  Information proving their origins should be important to all of us.

3. Please keep us informed of your plans to come to the US
Once again, I would like to say thank you for what  you are doing for the Ephramites.  Please keep us informed of your plans to come to the US.  I hope you come to [Florida].  If you do, I will plan my vacation around that time.  I heard you speak when I was in Jerusalem and would love to hear you speak again.
I would also like to respond to an email from Mark Robinson that was sent about a month ago.  I agree with him about the 10 toe alliance being Ishmael and Esau.
I am never offended by your appeal for support. 
Thanks again,

4. Tarshish in Britain?
Thank you Yair,
very much for the info on Rashi, Nachmanides, and Abarbanel and their commentaries.
 The location of Zaraphath, made me think about Tarshish also. I was listening recently to an old tape of a teacher who felt evidence would ultimately prove that Britain was the Tarshish of the Bible. That made me think about what I have read on the subject, and Tin was a major export of Britain. That Tin was used by the Romans, and I think the Levant before them. I believe some of the Roman historians referred to that Tin trade. And a trading relationship, and established customers, takes some time to develop. Am I correct on any of that? I believe you have written Yair, in your books, that Amber from Scandinavia was found in old Egyptian tombs(?). That connects the far North of Europe to the trade of the Levant well before the Kingdom of Israel existed. The Phoenicians, were always the merchant marines of the Levant. So  does all that indicate, fairly strongly, that Tarshish of the West, went through the straights to Britain, probably well before the Romans became established, and maybe even further north to Scandinavia, as well?
Thanks for any thoughts (or corrections) on that Yair. John

5. Hard Times for us all?
Dear Yair,
                I think the biggest thing that everyone forgets is that times are hard for many people now.  I know that my pay has not increased in ten years.  Yet everything from gas, food, medicine, insurance, utilities, clothing....everything has gone up.  Gas prices have effected almost all things here. (USA) That in turn increases everything else do to shipping, ingredients...what have you.  If I had spare money, rest assured I would be buying some of your materials.  Sadly I am on disability, and raising two teens on my own.  Just a thought...

6. Historical Prejudice Against Red-Heads
Extracts from:
"The Red Jews.
Antisemitism in an Apocalyptic Age 1200-1600"
by Andrew Colin Gow, Leiden, 1995.
pp.66 ff.
##Medieval Christianity was not favorably disposed to any Jews... Where does the colour 'red' fit in? Ruth Mellinkoff has shown that a deep-seated prejudice against red hair ran 'like a thread of the same colour through ancient and medieval culture.' People with red hair were thought to be "false, dangerous, tricky, shameless, over-sexed, deceitful, hot-tempered, unfaithful, foolish, war-like, crude, vulgar, low-class and unlucky for those who meet them" . Not surprisingly Judas was often portrayed in medieval religious art as having red hair. The Grimm brothers report that in medieval Germany, red hair and a red beard were signs of a false and duplicitous nature; a 'red man' (ein roter) was a man with red hair and a red beard. Verse 2842 of the poem Wigalois reports that 'it is said of men with red hair and beard that their heart is wicked.'
...The history of German usage leads us to the conclusion that the 'Red Jews' were in physical terms Jews who bore the mark of red hair and red beards because they were morally degenerate. As it happens, the sources support this conclusion.
Jews often were portrayed by medieval illustrations in Christian texts with red hair and in red clothes. ... the illustrations of medieval Hebrew manuscripts ...represent Jews, female and male, with red hair or red hair and beard...There seems to have been a particular link between Jews and the
colour red in hair. This is a connection so widely-accepted as to be included prominently in illustrations of Hebrew manuscripts, though in such cases, these depictions presumably lacked or did not evoke the negative associations generally marked by red hair.12
[n.12 In similar fashion, Jewish folklore would later adopt the German term 'Red Jews' as a name for the Ten Tribes of Jewish legend, without adopting the hostile associations that produced and sustained the legend in Christian Germany.]
The Jews by whom these manuscripts were made and for whom they were intended seem to have attached no negative significance to the colour red. Yet as we have seen, Christian iconography `saw red' in connection with Judas. The Metzgers' manuscript illuminations suggest that to Jews as to Christians, Jews were typically red-headed and wore red clothes; it was taken for granted." ...
 Only the Jews, who are here [in a 15th century manuscript German
Historiated Bible] the Ten Tribes, have red hair and beards...Until the late fifteenth century, the `Ten Tribes enclosed by Alexander' typically appear under the name Red Jews in German-language apocalyptic. However, over the course of the first half of the sixteenth century, the term Red Jews is increasingly applied to the Biblical Ten Tribes, though Alexander's role never entirely disappears. These exotic eastern Jews later come to be represented as allies of the Christians against the Turks, not as apocalyptic destroyers.##
pp.66 ff.

7. Brit-Am Comment on Tribal Jealousy?
Reuben versus Judah?
Jerusalem News-782
Sarkozy Against Judah in Judah and Samaria
President Sarkozy of France on the whole appears to be basically a friend of Israel.
He however has declared himself against Jewish settlement in Judah and Samaria.
There are leading politicians etc around the world who take a similar position.
The nation of France contains significant elements from Reuben as well as from other tribes.
The territory of Reuben was east of the Jordan in present-day Syria, Joran, and Iraq.
Nevertheless as part of the Ten Tribes Reuben may naturally identify with the former possessions of all the northern Ten Tribes as a whole from the former kingdom of Israel.
The Jews at present represent Judah, Benjamin, Levi, and representative portions of all the other Tribes.
Judah is taking back possession of its own tribal areas. Judah also acts as representative of and the forerunner for all the other Tribes as we have explained:
Return of Judah Precedes Return of Other Tribes 
Could it be that on a subconscious level  the other tribes are uneasy about Judah acting on their behalf?

'It is impossible to rightly govern the world without God or the Bible.'
  George Washington

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