Shoftim: Judges, Justice, Conduct.
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were lighted among the Gael, between which they drove their cattle for
purification and luck; ##
[Ezekiel 16:21] THAT THOU HAST SLAIN MY CHILDREN, AND DELIVERED THEM TO CAUSE THEM TO PASS THROUGH THE FIRE FOR THEM?
This is the Beltain which symbolically was still practiced until recently in Britain and Scandinavia and elsewhere: People and animals would be led between or over small fires on certain days of the year. It was called "Beltain" in Britain which is Celtic for "Fire of baal".
See Brit-Am Commentary
[Hosea 2:8] FOR SHE DID NOT KNOW THAT I GAVE HER CORN, AND WINE, AND OIL, AND MULTIPLIED HER SILVER AND GOLD, WHICH THEY PREPARED FOR BAAL.
The Peoples of Scandinavia, Gaul, and the British Isles worshipped Bel (BaaL) and had other pagan practices similar to those of the Land of Canaan. They were Israelites who had been exiled for copying the heathen religions of their Canaanite neighbors. They were therefore exiled from the Land of Israel as a punishment (2-Kings chs. 17 and 18) and apparently even in their places of exile continued to practice aspects of the Canaanite religion.
[Deuteronomy 18:11] OR A CHARMER, OR A CONSULTER WITH FAMILIAR SPIRITS, OR A WIZARD, OR A NECROMANCER.
[Deuteronomy 18:12] FOR ALL THAT DO THESE THINGS ARE AN ABOMINATION UNTO THE LORD: AND BECAUSE OF THESE ABOMINATIONS THE LORD THY GOD DOTH DRIVE THEM OUT FROM BEFORE THEE.
[Deuteronomy 18:13] THOU SHALT BE PERFECT WITH THE LORD THY GOD.
PERFECT. Hebrew "tamim" also connoting innocent, simple, trusting.
Do as well as you can and trust in the Almighty.
We are forbidden to go to witches. Astrology is also questionable. Seances etc are forbidden. Participation in Hindu religious festivals voodoo cults etc is also forbidden.
Even being superstitious in a Biblical sense may be questionable.
One needs to be careful.
[Deuteronomy 18:14] FOR THESE NATIONS, WHICH THOU SHALT POSSESS, HEARKENED UNTO OBSERVERS OF TIMES, AND UNTO DIVINERS: BUT AS FOR THEE, THE LORD THY GOD HATH NOT SUFFERED THEE SO TO DO.
[Deuteronomy 18:15] THE LORD THY GOD WILL RAISE UP UNTO THEE A PROPHET FROM THE MIDST OF THEE, OF THY BRETHREN, LIKE UNTO ME; UNTO HIM YE SHALL HEARKEN;
[Deuteronomy 18:16] ACCORDING TO ALL THAT THOU DESIREDST OF THE LORD THY GOD IN HOREB IN THE DAY OF THE ASSEMBLY, SAYING, LET ME NOT HEAR AGAIN THE VOICE OF THE LORD MY GOD, NEITHER LET ME SEE THIS GREAT FIRE ANY MORE, THAT I DIE NOT.
[Deuteronomy 18:17] AND THE LORD SAID UNTO ME, THEY HAVE WELL SPOKEN THAT WHICH THEY HAVE SPOKEN.
[Deuteronomy 18:18] I WILL RAISE THEM UP A PROPHET FROM AMONG THEIR BRETHREN, LIKE UNTO THEE, AND WILL PUT MY WORDS IN HIS MOUTH; AND HE SHALL SPEAK UNTO THEM ALL THAT I SHALL COMMAND HIM.
[Deuteronomy 18:19] AND IT SHALL COME TO PASS, THAT WHOSOEVER WILL NOT HEARKEN UNTO MY WORDS WHICH HE SHALL SPEAK IN MY NAME, I WILL REQUIRE IT OF HIM.
These days we no longer have Prophets though perhaps soon we will have. Nevertheless we do have the Bible and the Prophets who spoke to us in the Bible and we need to listen to them.
[Deuteronomy 18:20] BUT THE PROPHET, WHICH SHALL PRESUME TO SPEAK A WORD IN MY NAME, WHICH I HAVE NOT COMMANDED HIM TO SPEAK, OR THAT SHALL SPEAK IN THE NAME OF OTHER GODS, EVEN THAT PROPHET SHALL DIE.
Someone who claims to have received a direct message from the Almighty was to be tested. If he was found to be speaking falsehood he was to be killed.
The test of a false prophet was someone whom claimed to have a direct message from God concerning the future and what he said would happen did not come to pass.
[Deuteronomy 18:21] AND IF THOU SAY IN THINE HEART, HOW SHALL WE KNOW THE WORD WHICH THE LORD HATH NOT SPOKEN?
[Deuteronomy 18:22] WHEN A PROPHET SPEAKETH IN THE NAME OF THE LORD, IF THE THING FOLLOW NOT, NOR COME TO PASS, THAT IS THE THING WHICH THE LORD HATH NOT SPOKEN, BUT THE PROPHET HATH SPOKEN IT PRESUMPTUOUSLY: THOU SHALT NOT BE AFRAID OF HIM.
[Deuteronomy 19:1] WHEN THE LORD THY GOD HATH CUT OFF THE NATIONS, WHOSE LAND THE LORD THY GOD GIVETH THEE, AND THOU SUCCEEDEST THEM, AND DWELLEST IN THEIR CITIES, AND IN THEIR HOUSES;
[Deuteronomy 19:2] THOU SHALT SEPARATE THREE CITIES FOR THEE IN THE MIDST OF THY LAND, WHICH THE LORD THY GOD GIVETH THEE TO POSSESS IT.
They had already been commanded to set aside six cities; three east of the Jordan and another three to the west of the Jordan. Maimonides understood this commandment to set aside an additional three (i.e. nine altogether) when the Israelites should expand their borders BEYOND those of the Promised Land!
[Deuteronomy 19:3] THOU SHALT PREPARE THEE A WAY, AND DIVIDE THE COASTS OF THY LAND, WHICH THE LORD THY GOD GIVETH THEE TO INHERIT, INTO THREE PARTS, THAT EVERY SLAYER MAY FLEE THITHER.
[Deuteronomy 19:4] AND THIS IS THE CASE OF THE SLAYER, WHICH SHALL FLEE THITHER, THAT HE MAY LIVE: WHOSO KILLETH HIS NEIGHBOUR IGNORANTLY, WHOM HE HATED NOT IN TIME PAST;
[Deuteronomy 19:5] AS WHEN A MAN GOETH INTO THE WOOD WITH HIS NEIGHBOUR TO HEW WOOD, AND HIS HAND FETCHETH A STROKE WITH THE AXE TO CUT DOWN THE TREE, AND THE HEAD SLIPPETH FROM THE HELVE, AND LIGHTETH UPON HIS NEIGHBOUR, THAT HE DIE; HE SHALL FLEE UNTO ONE OF THOSE CITIES, AND LIVE:
[Deuteronomy 19:6] LEST THE AVENGER OF THE BLOOD PURSUE THE SLAYER, WHILE HIS HEART IS HOT, AND OVERTAKE HIM, BECAUSE THE WAY IS LONG, AND SLAY HIM; WHEREAS HE WAS NOT WORTHY OF DEATH, INASMUCH AS HE HATED HIM NOT IN TIME PAST.
[Deuteronomy 19:7] WHEREFORE I COMMAND THEE, SAYING, THOU SHALT SEPARATE THREE CITIES FOR THEE.
[Deuteronomy 19:8] AND IF THE LORD THY GOD ENLARGE THY COAST, AS HE HATH SWORN UNTO THY FATHERS, AND GIVE THEE ALL THE LAND WHICH HE PROMISED TO GIVE UNTO THY FATHERS;
[Deuteronomy 19:9] IF THOU SHALT KEEP ALL THESE COMMANDMENTS TO DO THEM, WHICH I COMMAND THEE THIS DAY, TO LOVE THE LORD THY GOD, AND TO WALK EVER IN HIS WAYS; THEN SHALT THOU ADD THREE CITIES MORE FOR THEE, BESIDE THESE THREE:
[Deuteronomy 19:10] THAT INNOCENT BLOOD BE NOT SHED IN THY LAND, WHICH THE LORD THY GOD GIVETH THEE FOR AN INHERITANCE, AND SO BLOOD BE UPON THEE.
[Deuteronomy 19:11] BUT IF ANY MAN HATE HIS NEIGHBOUR, AND LIE IN WAIT FOR HIM, AND RISE UP AGAINST HIM, AND SMITE HIM MORTALLY THAT HE DIE, AND FLEETH INTO ONE OF THESE CITIES:
[Deuteronomy 19:12] THEN THE ELDERS OF HIS CITY SHALL SEND AND FETCH HIM THENCE, AND DELIVER HIM INTO THE HAND OF THE AVENGER OF BLOOD, THAT HE MAY DIE.
[Deuteronomy 19:13] THINE EYE SHALL NOT PITY HIM, BUT THOU SHALT PUT AWAY THE GUILT OF INNOCENT BLOOD FROM ISRAEL, THAT IT MAY GO WELL WITH THEE.
[Deuteronomy 19:14] THOU SHALT NOT REMOVE THY NEIGHBOUR'S LANDMARK, WHICH THEY OF OLD TIME HAVE SET IN THINE INHERITANCE, WHICH THOU SHALT INHERIT IN THE LAND THAT THE LORD THY GOD GIVETH THEE TO POSSESS IT.
[Deuteronomy 19:15] ONE WITNESS SHALL NOT RISE UP AGAINST A MAN FOR ANY INIQUITY, OR FOR ANY SIN, IN ANY SIN THAT HE SINNETH: AT THE MOUTH OF TWO WITNESSES, OR AT THE MOUTH OF THREE WITNESSES, SHALL THE MATTER BE ESTABLISHED.
[Deuteronomy 19:16] IF A FALSE WITNESS RISE UP AGAINST ANY MAN TO TESTIFY AGAINST HIM THAT WHICH IS WRONG;
[Deuteronomy 19:17] THEN BOTH THE MEN, BETWEEN WHOM THE CONTROVERSY IS, SHALL STAND BEFORE THE LORD, BEFORE THE PRIESTS AND THE JUDGES, WHICH SHALL BE IN THOSE DAYS;
[Deuteronomy 19:18] AND THE JUDGES SHALL MAKE DILIGENT INQUISITION: AND, BEHOLD, IF THE WITNESS BE A FALSE WITNESS, AND HATH TESTIFIED FALSELY AGAINST HIS BROTHER;
[Deuteronomy 19:19] THEN SHALL YE DO UNTO HIM, AS HE HAD THOUGHT TO HAVE DONE UNTO HIS BROTHER: SO SHALT THOU PUT THE EVIL AWAY FROM AMONG YOU.
[Deuteronomy 19:20] AND THOSE WHICH REMAIN SHALL HEAR, AND FEAR, AND SHALL HENCEFORTH COMMIT NO MORE ANY SUCH EVIL AMONG YOU.
[Deuteronomy 19:21] AND THINE EYE SHALL NOT PITY; BUT LIFE SHALL GO FOR LIFE, EYE FOR EYE, TOOTH FOR TOOTH, HAND FOR HAND, FOOT FOR FOOT.
[Deuteronomy 20:1] WHEN THOU GOEST OUT TO BATTLE AGAINST THINE ENEMIES, AND SEEST HORSES, AND CHARIOTS, AND A PEOPLE MORE THAN THOU, BE NOT AFRAID OF THEM: FOR THE LORD THY GOD IS WITH THEE, WHICH BROUGHT THEE UP OUT OF THE LAND OF EGYPT.
When Israelites went to war they were forbidden to be afraid even when the adversary was stronger and more numerous and warlike.
[Deuteronomy 20:2] AND IT SHALL BE, WHEN YE ARE COME NIGH UNTO THE BATTLE, THAT THE PRIEST SHALL APPROACH AND SPEAK UNTO THE PEOPLE,
This Priest was a specially appointed and known as "Mashiach Milchamah" i.e. Appointed for War. His task was to encourage the Hebrews to fight well, without fear, in the knowledge that the Almighty God of Israel was on their side.
[Deuteronomy 20:3] AND SHALL SAY UNTO THEM, HEAR, O ISRAEL, YE APPROACH THIS DAY UNTO BATTLE AGAINST YOUR ENEMIES: LET NOT YOUR HEARTS FAINT, FEAR NOT, AND DO NOT TREMBLE, NEITHER BE YE TERRIFIED BECAUSE OF THEM;
[Deuteronomy 20:4] FOR THE LORD YOUR GOD IS HE THAT GOETH WITH YOU, TO FIGHT FOR YOU AGAINST YOUR ENEMIES, TO SAVE YOU.
[Deuteronomy 20:5] AND THE OFFICERS SHALL SPEAK UNTO THE PEOPLE, SAYING, WHAT MAN IS THERE THAT HATH BUILT A NEW HOUSE, AND HATH NOT DEDICATED IT? LET HIM GO AND RETURN TO HIS HOUSE, LEST HE DIE IN THE BATTLE, AND ANOTHER MAN DEDICATE IT.
[Deuteronomy 20:6] AND WHAT MAN IS HE THAT HATH PLANTED A VINEYARD, AND HATH NOT YET EATEN OF IT? LET HIM ALSO GO AND RETURN UNTO HIS HOUSE, LEST HE DIE IN THE BATTLE, AND ANOTHER MAN EAT OF IT.
[Deuteronomy 20:7] AND WHAT MAN IS THERE THAT HATH BETROTHED A WIFE, AND HATH NOT TAKEN HER? LET HIM GO AND RETURN UNTO HIS HOUSE, LEST HE DIE IN THE BATTLE, AND ANOTHER MAN TAKE HER.
[Deuteronomy 20:8] AND THE OFFICERS SHALL SPEAK FURTHER UNTO THE PEOPLE, AND THEY SHALL SAY, WHAT MAN IS THERE THAT IS FEARFUL AND FAINTHEARTED? LET HIM GO AND RETURN UNTO HIS HOUSE, LEST HIS BRETHREN'S HEART FAINT AS WELL AS HIS HEART.
[Deuteronomy 20:9] AND IT SHALL BE, WHEN THE OFFICERS HAVE MADE AN END OF SPEAKING UNTO THE PEOPLE THAT THEY SHALL MAKE CAPTAINS OF THE ARMIES TO LEAD THE PEOPLE.
[Deuteronomy 20:10] WHEN THOU COMEST NIGH UNTO A CITY TO FIGHT AGAINST IT, THEN PROCLAIM PEACE UNTO IT.
[Deuteronomy 20:11] AND IT SHALL BE, IF IT MAKE THEE ANSWER OF PEACE, AND OPEN UNTO THEE, THEN IT SHALL BE, THAT ALL THE PEOPLE THAT IS FOUND THEREIN SHALL BE TRIBUTARIES UNTO THEE, AND THEY SHALL SERVE THEE.
[Deuteronomy 20:12] AND IF IT WILL MAKE NO PEACE WITH THEE, BUT WILL MAKE WAR AGAINST THEE, THEN THOU SHALT BESIEGE IT:
[Deuteronomy 20:13] AND WHEN THE LORD THY GOD HATH DELIVERED IT INTO THINE HANDS, THOU SHALT SMITE EVERY MALE THEREOF WITH THE EDGE OF THE SWORD:
[Deuteronomy 20:14] BUT THE WOMEN, AND THE LITTLE ONES, AND THE CATTLE, AND ALL THAT IS IN THE CITY, EVEN ALL THE SPOIL THEREOF, SHALT THOU TAKE UNTO THYSELF; AND THOU SHALT EAT THE SPOIL OF THINE ENEMIES, WHICH THE LORD THY GOD HATH GIVEN THEE.
[Deuteronomy 20:15] THUS SHALT THOU DO UNTO ALL THE CITIES WHICH ARE VERY FAR OFF FROM THEE, WHICH ARE NOT OF THE CITIES OF THESE NATIONS.
[Deuteronomy 20:16] BUT OF THE CITIES OF THESE PEOPLE, WHICH THE LORD THY GOD DOTH GIVE THEE FOR AN INHERITANCE, THOU SHALT SAVE ALIVE NOTHING THAT BREATHETH:
[Deuteronomy 20:17] BUT THOU SHALT UTTERLY DESTROY THEM; NAMELY, THE HITTITES, AND THE AMORITES, THE CANAANITES, AND THE PERIZZITES, THE HIVITES, AND THE JEBUSITES; AS THE LORD THY GOD HATH COMMANDED THEE:
[Deuteronomy 20:18] THAT THEY TEACH YOU NOT TO DO AFTER ALL THEIR ABOMINATIONS, WHICH THEY HAVE DONE UNTO THEIR GODS; SO SHOULD YE SIN AGAINST THE LORD YOUR GOD.
[Deuteronomy 20:19] WHEN THOU SHALT BESIEGE A CITY A LONG TIME, IN MAKING WAR AGAINST IT TO TAKE IT, THOU SHALT NOT DESTROY THE TREES THEREOF BY FORCING AN AXE AGAINST THEM: FOR THOU MAYEST EAT OF THEM, AND THOU SHALT NOT CUT THEM DOWN (FOR THE TREE OF THE FIELD IS MAN'S LIFE) TO EMPLOY THEM IN THE SIEGE:
[Deuteronomy 20:20] ONLY THE TREES WHICH THOU KNOWEST THAT THEY BE NOT TREES FOR MEAT, THOU SHALT DESTROY AND CUT THEM DOWN; AND THOU SHALT BUILD BULWARKS AGAINST THE CITY THAT MAKETH WAR WITH THEE, UNTIL IT BE SUBDUED.
[Deuteronomy 21:1] IF ONE BE FOUND SLAIN IN THE LAND WHICH THE LORD THY GOD GIVETH THEE TO POSSESS IT, LYING IN THE FIELD, AND IT BE NOT KNOWN WHO HATH SLAIN HIM:
[Deuteronomy 21:2] THEN THY ELDERS AND THY JUDGES SHALL COME FORTH, AND THEY SHALL MEASURE UNTO THE CITIES WHICH ARE ROUND ABOUT HIM THAT IS SLAIN:
[Deuteronomy 21:3] AND IT SHALL BE, THAT THE CITY WHICH IS NEXT UNTO THE SLAIN MAN, EVEN THE ELDERS OF THAT CITY SHALL TAKE AN HEIFER, WHICH HATH NOT BEEN WROUGHT WITH, AND WHICH HATH NOT DRAWN IN THE YOKE;
[Deuteronomy 21:4] AND THE ELDERS OF THAT CITY SHALL BRING DOWN THE HEIFER UNTO A ROUGH VALLEY, WHICH IS NEITHER EARED NOR SOWN, AND SHALL STRIKE OFF THE HEIFER'S NECK THERE IN THE VALLEY:
[Deuteronomy 21:5] AND THE PRIESTS THE SONS OF LEVI SHALL COME NEAR; FOR THEM THE LORD THY GOD HATH CHOSEN TO MINISTER UNTO HIM, AND TO BLESS IN THE NAME OF THE LORD; AND BY THEIR WORD SHALL EVERY CONTROVERSY AND EVERY STROKE BE TRIED:
The Tribe of Levi had an educational task for all Israel.
Cf. THEY SHALL TEACH JACOB THY JUDGMENTS, AND ISRAEL THY LAW [Deuteronomy 33:10].
[Deuteronomy 21:6] AND ALL THE ELDERS OF THAT CITY, THAT ARE NEXT UNTO THE SLAIN MAN, SHALL WASH THEIR HANDS OVER THE HEIFER THAT IS BEHEADED IN THE VALLEY:
[Deuteronomy 21:7] AND THEY SHALL ANSWER AND SAY, OUR HANDS HAVE NOT SHED THIS BLOOD, NEITHER HAVE OUR EYES SEEN IT.
[Deuteronomy 21:8] BE MERCIFUL, O LORD, UNTO THY PEOPLE ISRAEL, WHOM THOU HAST REDEEMED, AND LAY NOT INNOCENT BLOOD UNTO THY PEOPLE OF ISRAEL'S CHARGE. AND THE BLOOD SHALL BE FORGIVEN THEM.
[Deuteronomy 21:9] SO SHALT THOU PUT AWAY THE GUILT OF INNOCENT BLOOD FROM AMONG YOU, WHEN THOU SHALT DO THAT WHICH IS RIGHT IN THE SIGHT OF THE LORD.
Haftara Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 51:12-52:12
The enemies who oppressed
the Jews and Jerusalem will be requited and vengeance taken upon them (51:23).
The Assyrians oppressed both Judah and the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel though the
Ten Tribes were the ones the Assyrians exiled. The Assyrians forced them to
accept the Assyrian religion. They were already
pagans to a large degree and heavily influenced by the surrounding Canaanite and
Middle East cults. These were similar to the Greek ones that were derived from
the same sources.
[Isaiah 51:22] THUS
THY LORD THE LORD, AND THY GOD THAT
THE CAUSE OF HIS PEOPLE, BEHOLD, I HAVE TAKEN OUT OF
HAND THE CUP OF TREMBLING, EVEN THE DREGS OF THE CUP OF MY FURY; THOU
NO MORE DRINK IT AGAIN:
The period of anger will be finished and never again repeat itself.
[Isaiah 51:23] BUT I WILL PUT IT INTO THE HAND OF THEM THAT AFFLICT THEE; WHICH HAVE SAID TO THY SOUL, BOW DOWN, THAT WE MAY GO OVER: AND THOU HAST LAID THY BODY AS THE GROUND, AND AS THE STREET, TO THEM THAT WENT OVER.
The enemies who oppressed the Jews and Jerusalem will be requited and vengeance taken upon them. The Jews in exile in order to survive had to be passive. The attribute of passivity amongst the Jews left both a good and bad impression on the national character.
The Arabs used to say that the Jews have "white hearts" because they do not bear grudges nor seek revenge. Perhaps they should? Some things have to be CONSCIOUSLY left to the Guidance of the Almighty. We can pray and live as well as we can and defend ourselves however we are able.
Chapter 52: The Lost Ten Tribes are not keeping the faith of Moses nor are they acknowledging their true identity (52:4). As long as the Ten Tribes do not know of their origins and do not turn back to the God of Israel it is as if they were taken away. For this reason the Name (Reputation) of God is blasphemed and people do not own up to the truth of the Bible (52:5). Israel is the servant of God (52:13).
[Isaiah 52:4] FOR THUS SAITH THE LORD GOD, MY PEOPLE WENT DOWN AFORETIME INTO EGYPT TO SOJOURN THERE; AND THE ASSYRIAN OPPRESSED THEM WITHOUT CAUSE.
The Assyrians oppressed both Judah and ten tribed "Israel" though the Ten Tribes were the ones the Assyrians exiled. The Assyrians forced them to accept the Assyrian religion. They were already practising pagans to a large degree and heavily influenced by the surrouinding Canaanites and Middle East cults. These were similar to the Greek ones that were derived from the same sources.
The Lost Ten Tribes are not keeping the faith of Moses nor do they acknowledge their true identity.
[Isaiah 52:5] NOW THEREFORE, WHAT HAVE I HERE, SAITH THE LORD, THAT MY PEOPLE IS TAKEN AWAY FOR NOUGHT" THEY THAT RULE OVER THEM MAKE THEM TO HOWL, SAITH THE LORD; AND MY NAME CONTINUALLY EVERY DAY IS BLASPHEMED.
As long as the Ten Tribes do not know of their origins and do not turn back to the God of Israel it is as if they were taken away, -and indeed so they were. For this reason the name of God is blasphemed and people do not own up to the truth of the Bible.
THEY THAT RULE OVER THEM MAKE THEM TO HOWL: This could mean straightforward physical oppression by foreigners. It could also refer to the fact that our rulers (in the West) almost force us into immorality and bad living. This is not to our benefit but rather causes a ruination of our lives as a result of which in secret or openly we howl over the waste of our existence.
Boys do not want to masturbate or become homosexuals.
Girls do not want to be promiscuous or treated as such.
People do not want to cheat or steal or use violence or be victimized or oppress others. We do not want to take drugs or act stupidly. Our leaders should be helping us do what we really want to do and should do.
[Isaiah 52:6] THEREFORE MY PEOPLE SHALL KNOW MY NAME: THEREFORE THEY SHALL KNOW IN THAT DAY THAT I AM HE THAT DOTH SPEAK: BEHOLD, IT IS I.
God will save us and lead us forward. We shall know that it is by His power we are led onwards. We shall know His name. The name reflects the essence of the named. By knowing His name it means we shall know and realize in our existence the meaning of His name. We shall be renewed.
[Isaiah 52:12] FOR YE SHALL NOT GO OUT WITH HASTE, NOR GO BY FLIGHT: FOR THE LORD WILL GO BEFORE YOU; AND THE GOD OF ISRAEL WILL BE YOUR REWARD.
"WILL BE YOUR REWARD" In Hebrew "umasifchem". Apparently the word rendered above as REWARD was originally REREWARD meaning "Protection of the Rear".
[We owe this information to Daniel Tukuafu.]
"Umasifchem" in Hebrew suggests both rearguard protection and gathering up (Daat Mikra).
Joining the two parts of verse together, it may be understood to say:
God will go before you and behind you to protect you and gather up your stragglers.
Similary concerning the Tribe of Dan it says:
AND THE STANDARD OF THE CAMP OF THE CHILDREN OF DAN SET FORWARD, WHICH WAS THE REREWARD [Hebrew: "Ma-asef"] OF ALL THE CAMPS THROUGHOUT THEIR HOSTS: AND OVER HIS HOST WAS AHIEZER THE SON OF AMMISHADDAI.[Numbers 10:25]
Here we have the word Ma-asef translated as REREWARD.
The Tribe of Dan both protected the rear-end of the Camp of Israel as well as gathering in all the stragglers from the other Tribes who dropped behind.
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