Finland and the Ten Tribes
The people of Finland on the whole meet the Ephraimite Criteria by which we determine Israelite Ancestry. Their earliest known traditions claimed Israelite origins. Other factors confirm the validity of such knowledge and suggest a descent from the Tribe of Issachar along with the presence of additional Tribal groups.

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The Earliest European Beliefs in Hebraic Origins.

  Traditions of Israelite Descent  
  in Finland  

Finland and the Ten Tribes
(1). Finnish Traditional Sources.
(2). Finland and Switzerland.
(3) Finland and
(4) Marshall
Mannerheim, Issachar, and the Ten Tribes
(5) Finland and Caleb of Judah
(6). The Identification of Finland.
(7) The Physical Aspects.
(8) Finland in Bible Codes.
(9) Conclusion and Note on Purpose of this series
(10) Some photos of Finnish people.


1. Finnish Traditional Sources:
The earliest Finnish historians apparently believed that their ancestors were descended from Israelites. These Traditions have been remarked upon by:

(a) S. Nickels, H. Kallas, P. Friedman. "Finland. An Introduction", U.K. 1968.
p. 19:
"Leaving aside the attempts of Finnish scholars of the early eighteenth century to prove that the Finns were descended from the Lost Tribes of Israel..."

(b) John H. WUORINEN,  "A History of Finland," New York & London 1965.
"In common with the trend elsewhere in Europe, eighteenth century Finnish writers for instance, were inclined to establish among others, relationships with the Jews. The Lost Tribes of Israel furnished a tempting and convenient point of departure for imaginative interpretations and claims along this line."

An additional source has recently become known to us:

New Evidence of Finnish Israelite Origins!
Finnish Academic researchers, Pekka T. Lyyranen and Tuula-Hannele Ikonen, SOME MYTHS AND FACTS OF THE ORIGIN OF THE FINNS IN COMPARISON WITH THE ISRAELITES (2011)  bring evidence  indicating that the Finnish People descend from Israel.

Their evidence is based on:
a.  The Opinions of early Finnish and other Scandinavian Scholars.
Early Scandinavian historians traced the Finnish People to the Tribes of Israel and/or recognized affinities between the Finnish Language and Ancient Hebrew.
e.g. The 17th century Swedish linguist, theologian, and Bishop Enevaldus Svenonius showed links between Finnish and Hebrew.
The  Finnish linguist of the holy languages, theologian Daniel Juselius traced the Finns to Ancient Israel (1712).
The Swedish scholar of medicine, botanist and ornithologist Olof Rudbeck in the 17th and 18th century assumed that the Finns were "referable to the remains of the Tribes of Israel".
The Swedish nobleman and historian,  Olof von Dalin, believed that the ancient Finns descended ultimately from the Lost Tribes of Israel (1745).
The Finnish historian Johannis Bilmark argued that the Finns are descendants from the Northern Kingdom of Israel, refugees from Assyria.
The Finnish historian A. G. Koranter in 1848 following research in Savo in the Eastern part of Finland argued that the Finns are descendants from ancient Israelite Tribes. His study was based on the names of places.
b. Historical Provenance.
Most of the Finns are proven to have come from the bend of the Volga near the Caspian  Sea. This was an area associated with the Ten Tribes. [It was from this region that the early Israelite Scythians and Khazars first appeared.]

c. Linguistics.
In Finnish vocabulary, etc, there are traces of Hebrew.

d. Hebrew Customs.
Finnish folk-practices are similar to Hebrew or Jewish ones, e.g.  the Finns kept, like Jews, Saturday as  the Sabbath. 
Mammi,  Finnish unleavened bread, is eaten at Easter which is supposed to be at Passover.
The nomenclature of fabrics and home items reflect Hebrew or Jewish origins.
An old wedding tradition (still carried out in Finland in the 20th century)  exists where the bridal couple  stand  under  a canopy called in Finnish a  huppu. This is similar to Jewish weddings where the couple also stand under a canopy called in Hebrew a huppah  (chuppah).

e. Genetics.
It is claimed that DNA links exist between Finns, Samaritans, and Jews. This includes certain inherited afflictions.
f. Subjective Feeling.
Cultural similarities, similar values, and affinities of  many Finns for Israel and the Jews all suggest common origins.

g. The Names of God Almighty!
The Finnish name for God was Yummella (in Finland), or Yuma (Udmurts; A once red-haired but not now Mongolian people in East Russia who speak a Finnish dialect), or Ymar (Tseremisses, i.e. Finnish speakers in Volga region).

(2). Finland and Switzerland.
We came to the conclusion that both Finland and Switzerland were influenced by the Tribe of Issachar.
The Alemans (also referred to as Alans or intermixed with Alans) were amongst the early settlers of Switzerland.
Alemans may also have been important in the early settlement of Finland as suggested by a Finish web-site.
"Brit-Am Now"-336
Allemans in both Switzerland and Finland
#2. Questions on Issachar

(3) Finland and Issachar
As mentioned we identified Finland with Issachar as do others such as Steven Collins, see:
Issachar  Identified with  Finland
by Steven Collins

In "The Tribes" Finland is identified with Issachar though contingents from Gad and Simeon were also present.

(4) Marshall Mannerheim, Issachar, and the Ten Tribes
Marshall Mannerheim (1867-1951), Finnish Military leader and national hero, in a speech was reported to at least once have expressly referred to the Finns  as "Sons of Issachar".
 "Sons of Issachar, stand and die, but let only scorched earth fall into the hands of the enemy"

Source:  Richmond Norman STUART, "One of Isaac's Sons", The Covenant Message, September 1976, Johannesburg, South Africa.
See Also:
Yair DAVIDIY, "Marshall Mannerheim Identified the Finns With Issachar!", Tribesman, issue no. 4, p. 19.

The veracity of this source has been denied by a certain Mikael Wahrn, who is a citizen of Finland. Mr. Wahrn says that the speech in question is the equivalent of an urban legend and that no reliable records exist of Mannerheim ever having made such a statement.

Benjamin Turkia a citizen of Finland now living in Israel gave us a Finnish-language (which unfortunately we cannot read) magazine and told us that it contains an article confirming the said beliefs of Marshall Mannerheim.
One way or other this is a minor side issue. The question is whether or not a significant portion of the Finnish people descend from Israelites.

(5) Finland and Caleb of Judah

Our first king was, according to mythology, called "Kaleva", which
resembles very much the name Caleb.
With kindest regards,
Lari Jeremias Kemil?nen

A researcher known as Ricardo Lopez Crespo (and also as Arrano Beltza and other names) reports that:

#The Finns claim their ancestors to have been the Kalevas (Chalybes/Khalubes), "Kolbias, Kalpamiehi? [and] Karelian Kylfings" <26>
Osmo Joronen, "Early History of the Finnish People",  1998-2002]of Kalevala, their initial dwelling place. 'Khalups' is the singular of  Khalubes <27>. [<27> "The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language", Fourth Edition. Copyright 2000 by the Houghton Mifflin Company,
definition of "chalybeate" "The World & I", November 1987, Vol. 2, page 512,] Eloise and
Lauri Paananen, article "The Living Kalevala"-"Kaleva is the ancient ancestor of  all Finns. The book about Kaleva's descendants is the "Kalevala" or "Land of Kaleva". Kaleva's [people] were called Kalevalanders, Kalevalaiset, or Suomalaiset. Kaleva is known in [Russian] as Golova, in Estonian as Kalev or Kalevi, in proto-Baltic as Kalevijas, [and] in Lithuanian as Kalvis..." #

This would link the Finns to Caleb of Judah. It should be noted however that the clans of Yair were linked to both Menasseh and to Caleb of Judah. Yair is generally associated with Ireland and Scotland but an offshoot may have reached Scandinavia. Irish legend frequently makes claims in that direction and during the Bronze Age contacts did exist.

(6). The identification of Finland
From the above we have links between the Finns and Issachar along with Dan, Gad, Simeon, Judah, and Manasseh.
Issachar is deemed to predominate.

See "The Tribes".

(7) The Physical Aspects
The female mtDNA of the Finns seems to be similar to that of Sweden and Western Europe.
The autosomnal DNA and the physical characteristics are those of West Europeans.
The YDNA is N. This is a major haplogroup and brother to R of west and east Europe.
Brit-Am has claimed that ALL other haplogroups in effect devolve from R
The DNA War Against Brit-Am. Nazi Vermin Attack Brit-Am DNA Explanation.
What applies to R is even MORE pertinent to N.

In fact Y haplogroups N and O (NO) may be considered the father groups to R with R and Q (most Amerindians as well as 5% of Ashkenazi Jews and in low numbers amongst various Asiatic peoples) deriving (via K and P) from NO. All other haplogroups may be descended from NO since all other haplogroups are encompassed by NO and NO is differentiated from them through its possession of additional information. Mutations usually lead to loss of information and therefore mutations of NO result in haplogroups lower down on the scale. In our other writings we have made the same point but have emphasized instead the primacy of R since the differences between NO and R are not that great and most Europeans belong to R through R1b or R1a and therefore may more easily relate to the point we are making.
There is an environmental aspect to the determination of DNA haplogroups!

#Haplogroup N has a wide geographic distribution throughout northern Eurasia, from Norway to China. Its highest frequency occurs among the Finnic and Baltic peoples of northern and eastern Europe, the Ob-Ugric and Northern Samoyedic peoples of western Siberia, and the Siberian Turkic-speaking Yakuts.[6]#

The subclade N1c1 is defined by the presence of markers M178 and P298. (It was previously known as N3a.) N1c1* has higher average frequency in Northern Europe than in Siberia, reaching frequencies of approximately 60% among Finns and approximately 40% among Latvians and Lithuanians.[19] It's also more diverse in Northern Europe than in Siberia.[20]

Other bearers of different clades of N include some Chinese, and different minorities amongst Mongolian and Turkic peoples.

It is thought that in Finland at one stage there was a genetic bottleneck so that most of the people are descended from very few ancestors.

Also of interest are the Lapps or Sami people.
The Sami speak a language related to Finnish.
The females have the same mtDNA as the women of the Berbers in North Africa. Similarities with the mtDNA of the Basques in Spain have also been claimed.
The Y(male)DNA is similar in general to that of the Fins though in its details quite differentiated.
Historically the Lapps are not Fins and are quite different from them. In fact an analysis of the similarities and differences of YDNA between Sami and Fins could well be used to illustrate the effects of environment in determining DNA!
Physically the Sami (Laps) are of mixed white and mongoloid type.
Customs and namesakes among the Laps may indicate ancient Persian and Israelite contacts.
S. Gusten Olsen, "The Incredible Nordic Origins", (1981), quotes sources to the effect that that ancestors of the Finns and Scandinavians were few in number.
They came in contact, says Olsen, with the Lapps  and bequeathed to them characteristics that indicate Middle East ancestry.
They themselves then lost these same characteristics and the only remembrance we have of them is what the Lapps retained.
The possibility of this suggestion would appear to be strengthened by a modern linguistic theory that virtually says the same and holds that the Fins of Finland received the Finish Language through contact with Laps or groups related to them.

( 8). Finland in Bible Codes
Finland in Biblical Codes was linked to Joseph.
Suomi, the official Finnish Name for Finland, was also linked to Joseph and Machir grandson of Manasseh.

Issachar in Biblical Codes gave us FINI and Suomi several times over and in interlocked format.
It also gave us Joseph though at lower significance.
This could indicate a strong element from Joseph amongst the Fins but with Issachar predominating.

Other proofs confirm the Israelite Ancestry of the Finish People. This additional evidence deals with Biblical and Historical aspects of the subject and is treated separatedly though much is already available in our work "The Tribes" especially the chapter on Issachar.
In addition, though only 5% of the Finish people today use Swedish as their mother tongue as much as 20% may be of Swedish origin. A separate article (in preparation) dealing with Sweden would also be applicable to Fins of Swedish descent.

(9) Conclusion and Note on Purpose of this Series
We identify an important element amongst the Finnish people as descended from Israel and tend to identify them with the Tribe of Issachar while recognizing possible contributions for other tribes.
Additional proofs and evidence of Israelite Ancestry exists. In this present series however we are concentrating on traditions that the peoples concerned themselves had. Other factors are also spoken of mainly in order to place the traditions in some kind of perspective.

There are, and have been in the past, negative elements in Finland. Amongst the ruling and intellectual elites are those who aggressively and actively support treacherous Quisling groups in the State of Israel and Palestinians who work for the destruction of the Jewish State of Israel. Bad eggs exist everywhere. They are also found amongst Israelites. Many Finns appear open to the idea that they descend from Israelites, though only a very few wax enthusiastic. Some seem quite antagonistic to the notion. The possibility exists that only a portion of the Finns really are descended from Israelites. It is this section however that we need to reach out to.
The same point applies to all other peoples identifiable as pertaining to a Biblically significant degree to the Ten Tribes of Israel.

For a picture gallery of people from Finland

Finnish People

For More on Finland, see:
Queries About Finland.
For articles on other nations see:
The Earliest West European Beliefs in their Israelite Origins: Countries Index

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Offering to Brit-Am

The name "Ephraim" in Hebrew Letters as Seen
by Satellite in the Hills of Ephraim

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