The Israelite Sea Captives.
Biblical and Secular Proofs Concerning Ancient Israelites in the West.

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The Israelite Sea Captives.
Part One: Over the Ocean Blue!

A section of the Ten Tribes were exiled by Way of the Sea. This is a point that Brit-Am research may claim most or nearly all of the credit for demonstrating.  We have ALSO been able to show where they went, at least in part.
In old Brit-Am Literature however one does find discussions of Israelites from the Ten Tribes being in Spain though how exactly they got there seems to have been left up in the air.
Brit-Am has shown how:
In addition to transferring Israelites overland the Assyrians used Phoenician and Philistine proxies to transport sections of these Israelites to the West. They were taken at first to Scandinavia and Spain.
The Philistines were predominant in Scandinavia and the Phoenicians in Spain though elements of both were present in the two areas.
From these regions they reached Ireland and the British Isles and Gaul OR to some degree they may also have been settled directly in those areas as well.
We discussed these matters at first in our work "Lost Israelite Identity" (1996) and later (regarding Spain) also in our book Origin (2002). Since publishing these works new publications and researches by archaeologists and historians have strongly strengthened  the basic outlines of the scenario we had depicted.
Even so, it should be realized that a lot of work remains to be done and there are many unanswered questions that could be raised.

Below is an outline of part of what we now know:
[Help us to learn more and to continue this research.]

Different Types of Phoenician Ship
thigh bone
thigh bone

See Also:

History: Exile of the Ten Tribes by SEA!


Places of Exile
            The original Twelve Tribes of Israel had split into two kingdoms. Two tribes comprising 'Judah' were in the south. The Ten Tribes of 'Israel' were in the north. The Ten Northern Tribes were entirely taken away by the Assyrians to places in Northern Mesopotamia, to the Caucasus area and to Eastern Iran.The Bible says that,
THE KING OF ASSYRIA TOOK SAMARIA, AND CARRIED ISRAEL AWAY INTO ASSYRIA, AND PLACED THEM IN HALA, AND IN HABOR, AND IN THE CITIES OF THE MEDES (2-Kings 17:6). The Bible also mentions 'Hara' (1-Chronicles 5: 26) in Eastern Iran as a place of exile. The Talmud and archaeological findings enable the identification of these places of re-settlement. Shortly after the exile and re-settlement every one of the said places became a center for a group of peoples who then appeared for the first time. They are known to history as the Cimmerians, Scythians, and Guti or Goths. All these entities were (at least in part) comprised from the Lost Ten Tribes! In addition to places mentioned as places of exile (such as Halah, Habor, the River Gozan, Cities of the Medes, and Hara) Talmudical sources also recall the Snowy Mountains (Sanhedrin 94a), Caspii (Kiddushin 72a), Mountains of Darkness (Numbers Rabah 16:15), Har-Mannae (Targum Yehonatan on Amos 4:3), Sambation (Numbers Rabah 16:15), Afrikey (Sanhedrin 94a), etc. The said names often prove to be alternative appellations for the same or adjacent locations.
Exile by Sea
Isaiah also spoke about the Exile:
Nevertheless the gloom will not be upon her who is distressed,
As when at first He lightly esteemed
The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali,
And afterward more heavily oppressed her,
By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan,
In Galilee of the Gentiles [Isaiah 9:1] .                     
The above translation is that of the New King James Version. It is one possible rendition of the Hebrew original which however was also understood by Rabbinical Commentators to say something like the following:
# For the oppression will not be lightened; It will be more burdensome than the relatively light (easier) exile that the Land of Zebulon and the Land of Naphtali experienced. The last exile was [or WILL BE] more burdensome [IT WILL BE] by way of the sea, across the Jordan, the highlands of the nations.#
 However the verse is to be understood, it is agreed that it involves a comparison of the different stages of exile and comes to teach us something about them. It mentions a stage of exile as being 'by way of the sea'.

   The Prophet Isaiah foresaw that in the Last Days,
Isaiah 11:
11 It shall come to pass in that day
That the Lord shall set His hand again the second time
To recover the remnant of His people who are left,
From Assyria and Egypt,
From Pathros and Cush,
From Elam and Shinar,
From Hamath and the islands of the sea.

            These places were those to which the Ten Tribes of  Exiled Hebrews were taken immediately after their exile or which they somehow gravitated towards shortly afterwards and from there moved on. They are not in every case those areas which they are now found in and from which they will directly return. In other words those who were in the above regions in the Last Days will return from wherever they will be at the time. 'Isles of the Sea' referred here primarily to the Isles of Britain. Getting to the 'Isles of the Sea' entails travel by boat.

            In addition to exile by land there was also an enforced maritime transportation: Amos (4:3) refers to the 'cows of Bashan' 'in the mountain of Samaria' (Amos 4:1) many of whom will be taken away in sailing vessels and the rest shall be cast 'into the palace' (KJV) or into Harmon (NKJV) . 'Into the palace' has been translated from the Hebrew word 'Harmona' which is also translatable as meaning 'To the Mountain of Mannae' and so it is understood in the Talmudically-approved Aramaic version of Yehonathan. Mannae was in the general area of Armenia to which Jewish and local sources say the Israelites were taken.

Amos said:
4:1 Hear this word, you cows of Bashan, who are on the mountain of Samaria,
Who oppress the poor,
Who crush the needy,
Who say to your husbands,'Bring wine, let us drink!'
4:2 The Lord God has sworn by His holiness:
'Behold, the days shall come upon you
When He will take you away with fishhooks,
And your posterity with fishhooks.
4:3 You will go out through broken walls,
Each one straight ahead of her,
And you will be cast into Harmon,'
Says the Lord.

Amos 4:2 should be translated from the Hebrew as saying:

4:2 The Lord God has sworn by His holiness:
'Behold, the days shall come upon you
When He will take you away IN BIG SHIPS [tsinot],

Amos 4:3 says you "will be cast into Harmon" which (in accordance with Targum Yehonatan) the Mountains of Mannae which is where the Cimmerians and Scythians first appeared.

The words rendered by us as 'BIG SHIPS' [Hebrew: 'tsinot'] and as FISH-BOATS or 'FISHING BOATS' ['sirot-dugah'] are direct translations from the Hebrew.
            The verse in the Hebrew Bible may therefore be understood as saying that one part of the exiles would be taken away in large and small sailing vessels and another part would be exiled to Mannae where the exiled Israelite 'Cimmerians' and Scythians indeed were first to be found.     
            The expressions 'Isles of the Sea' (Isaiah 11:11), 'Way of the Sea' (Isaiah  9:10), 'large boats', and 'fishing-boats' (Amos 4:1-3) in connection with the exile of Northern Israel is consistent with transportation by sea which was logistically possible at that time and had been effected in other cases by Phoenician seafarers. Israelites had participated in Phoenician seafaring ventures.

We have here the Principle that a portion of the Israelites were to be taken away by Sea!

Different Types of Aegean and Cypriot Ships
thigh bone
thigh bone thigh bone

Amos chapter one mentions the inhabitants of Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, and Ekron (Amos 1:6,8) as having participated in the Exile of Israelites and delivered them to Edom.
Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, and Ekron were Philistine cities. They had a Minoan (Isle of Crete type) and Mycenean (Greek) culture.

Amos chapter one also speaks of Tyre as having participated in the Exile of Israelites and delivered them to Edom.
The city of Tyre was the major Phoenician power.

We thus have Philistines and Phoenicians as having participated in the Exile of Israelites and delivered them to Edom.
The Minoans  (Philistines) and Phoenicians were major sea-farers.
We saw that Israelites were exiled by SEA!
We will show that at about the time when the Assyrians conquered Israel the Minoans (Philistines) established themselves in Scandinavia.
At this time too the Phoenicians set themselves up in Spain. They brought over colonists from the region of  northern Israel and its surroundings.

6 Thus says the Lord:
'For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four,
I will not turn away its punishment,
Because they took captive the whole captivity
To deliver them up to Edom.

7 But I will send a fire upon the wall of Gaza,
Which shall devour its palaces.

8 I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod,
And the one who holds the scepter from Ashkelon;
I will turn My hand against Ekron,
And the remnant of the Philistines shall perish,'
Says the Lord God.

9 Thus says the Lord:
'For three transgressions of Tyre, and for four,
I will not turn away its punishment,
Because they delivered up the whole captivity to Edom,
And did not remember the covenant of brotherhood.'

10 But I will send a fire upon the wall of Tyre,
Which shall devour its palaces.'

11 Thus says the Lord:
'For three transgressions of Edom, and for four,
I will not turn away its punishment,
Because he pursued his brother with the sword,
And cast off all pity;
His anger tore perpetually,
And he kept his wrath forever.

Taking these few facts all together we have still more proofs that the Israelites from the Ten Tribes were taken to the west.

They were exiled by sea.
The Phoenicians and Philistines exiled them.
The Phoenicians and Philistines set themselves up in Spain and Scandinavia.
They brought in settlers who according to archaeology look like Israelites.

On these points alone we would be justified in concluding that at least some of the Ten Tribes must have gone to Western Areas!
We will also show how from Spain and Scandinavia they moved out to Ireland and Britain.


Duration: 13.4 minutes

The Bible describes how Israelites from the Ten Tribes would be exiled in part by Sea. The Philistines and Phoenicians were condemned for helping the Assyrians exile them. The Philistines (MInoans) set up colonies in Scandinavia, the Phoenicians in Spain. In both areas we find evidence of Israelite settlement.
The Israelite Sea Captives.

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