Brit-Am Secular Proofs

This list is intended to be a companion piece to the
List of 110 Brit-Am Biblical Proofs

[As for the Biblical Evidence so too for this List of Secular Proofs the potency of the evidence quoted must be viewed as part of a whole interlocking body proving our point.]

Under the heading "Mythology" we have included "legends" in General as well as various traditions found in
Historical Writings
and in Classical (Greek and Roman Records) References
For more see below:

Brit-Am Evidence of Israelite Ancestry from Scripture and Researches


 List of Brit-Am 
 Secular Proofs 


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Contents in Alphabetical Order
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Proofs in Simplified Outline

Legends have Value as records of historical tradition
Isles of the Blessed
Jewish-Arab Legend traces Ten Lost Tribes to Britain, Ireland, and Gaul
Frissian Legend
Frisian Legend says in effect that the ancestors of the Frisians, Angles, and Saxons were of Israelite Origin.
Dan became the Danes of Denmark
Danes from Dan.
Jutes from Judah.
Dan in Ireland
Tribe of Dan (Tuatha de Dana) went to Ireland via Greece and Scandinavia.
The Tribe of Don (Dan) went to Wales
Don and Bile in Wales and Britain and Albion son of Neptune in Scotland representing Dan, Israelites in general, and Napthali.
Irish Ancestors included Israelites.
Forefathers of Irish depicted as Scythians Sojourners in Egypt who included Israelites amongst them.
Stone of Scone is stone upon which Jacob slept and remained with his descendants.
Coronation Stone of Britain associated with Promised Blessing to the Posterity of Israel.
Declaration of Arbroath in light of other traditions implies Scottish Came out of Egypt as Israelites.
Welsh came from Syria which was once part of Israel.
Welsh came from Daphne of Ten Tribes association.
Finnish tradition says they are from Ten Tribes.
Swedish records says Hebrews were amongst their ancestors.
Goths (who settled in Sweden) identified with Ten Tribes.
Assyrians settled Jewish (i.e. Israelite) exiles in region of Austria in ca.200 BCE at time when it was a Center for the "Celts"
who later moved westward.
Irish Tradition identifies their ancestors with settlers in Spain that archaeology proves were Israelite.
Tradition that Irish descended from King David ergo the harp
English tradition traces their monarchs to the Kings of Judah implying Israelite origins.
Greek and Roman records identified Israel with Saturn and recorded Saturn having been expelled and gone to the British Isles

Saturn was also equated with Seth which in Egyptian terminology could mean Israel. Saturn, Cronos, and Baal in the eyes of pagans were all taken to represent Israel and all were to be found later under the same names in the British Isles.
See below.

Picts of Scotland identified with Agathyrsi-Khazars who were believed to be from the Ten Tribes.
Cochin Scroll and Jewish Legends concerning the Israelite origin of the Khazars also valuable as indicating Lost Ten Tribe presence in Scandinavia and Western Europe.

Proofs in Expanded Format
General Considerations:
The Value of Legends
Mythology means legends that someone at some stage invented and that popular imagination retained.
These legends however were often preserved because they represented historical truths.
Legends serve as evidence that needs to be complemented by other proofs.
When additional proofs do exist that confirm the legends the value of the legends is greatly enhanced.
Legends that Brit-Am uses as evidence all correspond with historical reality.

Isles of the Blessed
The Ten Lost Tribes in Islands of the West
Arab-Jewish Legends said that:
The "Sons of Moses" (linked with the Lost Ten Tribes) were located in the west, in "Gabalk", meaning France.
Other versions state that the CHILDREN OF MOSES were in the far west in "Djabarka" (i.e. "The Golden Castle"), in the "Islands of the Happy", dwelling in a town wherein the remnants of Ad were also to be found.
Ad represented the Ten Lost Tribes.
Ad was the brother of "Hud" meaning the Jews.
 "The Islands of the Happy" in the far west in which dwelt both the sons of Moses and the sons of Ad were the British Isles especially Ireland!
For more see:
"Aed and Israel. The Lost Tribes in Celtic and Arabic Lore"

This proof (like all other proofs) should be seen in the context of the whole body of evidence.
It should be considered together with the Biblical Proofs:


The Lost Ten Tribes IN THE WEST


Frissian Legend
Mythology: Friso, Bruno, and Saxo.
Friso, Bruno, and Saxo representing the Frisians, Angles, and Saxons were in Jerusalem (i.e. the Land of Israel) before the Exile of the Jews by Nebuchadnessar. They left and went to the Emodian Mountains in Central Asia and from there moved westward.
For details see:
Red Jews - or 'The Lost Ten Tribes?'

Frisian-Legends Affirm Their Israelite Origins!

Danes from Dan and Jutes from Judah.

Danes descended from Israelite Tribe of Dan and Jutes (who settled in Southern England) from Judah,
reported by J. Garnier ("The Ten Tribes from the Captivity Until Now", p.60) quoting Sharon Turner "History of the Anglo-Saxons" vo.I., 1799-1805, p.130. Sharon Turner  quotes  the "Vetus Chronicon Holsatiae" p.54:
"the Danes and Jutes are Jews of the tribe of Dan."
"Vetus Chronicon Holsatiae" was written in Latin. Other quotations understand it to say that the Danes came from Dan and the Jutes from Judah and that they were brothers to the Angles.
In Northern dialects the term "Jute" and variations of it were also understood as meaning "Judah". In "The Tribes" we show how the Tribe of Dan even in Biblical Times was accompanied by a contingent from Judah.
Saxo Grammaticus (1150-1220) recorded the Danes as being descended from "Dan the Great" and brothers to the Angles. Their father was called "Humble" which name may be considered synonymous with the Hebrew name "Jacob".

The "Vetus Chronicon Holsatiae" and its attributing the Danes to the Tribe of Dan was first noted in Modern Times by Sharon Turner. 
SHARON TURNER (1768-1847) was a very important English historian. He was probably the first to appreciate the importance of Beouwulf and author of several observations of interest to Brit-Am type "Identity" studies.
Sharon Turner  was educated at a private school kept by Dr Davis in Pentonville (London).
Herodotus reported the Persians called the Scythians "Sakai," and Sharon Turner identified these very people as the ancestors of the Anglo-Saxons. In carefully determining their origins in the Caucasus, Turner wrote: "The migrating Scythians crossed the Araxes, passed out of Asia, and suddenly appeared in Europe in the sixth century B.C. The names Saxon, Scythian and Goth are used interchangeably."

Sharon Turner advised his Jewish friend Isaac D'Israeli to baptize his children (Benjamin included) in order to give them a better chance in life.
Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881) eventually became Prime Minister of England. Disraeli was responsible for enlarging the franchise and numerous progressive social measures on behalf of the citizens of Greeat Britain. He also obtained Cyprus and the Suez Canal for Britain and was responsible for having Queen Victoria officially proclaimed "Empress of India".
Disraeli helped make the British people healthier and wealthier and Great Britain even greater.
Disraeli believed in the British Upper and Lower classes working together for the common good.
Due to Disraeli an initial rapprochement between Judah and Joseph gained momentum.
An organization "The Primrose League"  was established by members of the Conservative Party in Britain to put the ideals of Disraeli into action. Its first two leaders were Sir Randolph Churchill (father of Winston Churchill) and Sir Henry Drummond Wolf.

Dan in Ireland

These were Danites from the Tribe of Dan.
For more on this subject see:

Dan in Wales
The Tribe of Don (Dan) went to Wales
The goddess Don and her consort Bile settled in Britain and Wales and in effect represent the Tribe of Dan and other Israelites including Naphtali.
For more details and references see "The Tribes"

Irish Ancestors included Israelites.

The first settlers of Ireland according to most accounts were the Partholians followed by the Fomorians and Nemedians.
After them came the Tuatha de Dana (i.e. Tribe of Dan) and the Milesians.
Either contemporaneously with the Fomorians or shortly after them arrived the Nemedians. The name NEMED means sanctified or separated and is synonymous with "Peresh" which name was given to the son of Gilead from the Tribe of Menasseh (1-Chronicles 7;16). The Nemedians were said to be descendants of Sru, Sera, and Isru [D'ARBOIS DE JUBAINVILLE. "Le Cycle Mythologie Irlandais Et La Mythologie Celtique", Paris 1884,
 p.89ff. ] These names and "ISRU" especially are forms of the name ISRAEL.

An Irish version says that the Dana came from the city of Dan at the foot of mount Libanus (Lebanon) in what was once the area of northern Israel [POOLE, W.H. "Fifty  Reasons Why The Anglo-Saxons Are Israelites of The Lost Tribes of  The House of Israel", London, 18## ,  p.208 quotes from Villaneuva, "Annals of Ireland", and from the "Four Masters"] .

               The Irish accounts say that whilst in Egypt, the land of Capaciront (i.e. Pi HaHerut = Goshen?) near the Red Sea was given to Goidel. Pharoah began to persecute the Hebrews and Goidel refused to participate but rather befriended the Hebrews who gave him the opportunity to unite with them [SQUIRE, CHARLES. "The Mythology Of Ancient Britain And Ireland", London 1909,  p.120 ff.]. Because of this or because Pharoah feared that Goidel would try to take over the country the people of Goidel were forced to flee. Several versions say expressly that the company of Goidel included Israelites. They were described as wandering for 42 years in Africa, then to "the altars of the Philistines", then to Syria, then again to North Africa whence they passed into Spain, whence they went to Spanish Galatia in the northwest and from there to Ireland  [D'ARBOIS DE JUBAINVILLE p.230].
They kept the Mosaic Law and did not eat forbidden foods [HYMAN, LOUIS. "The Jews of Ireland", Jerusalem, Israel, 1972 p.1].
  Their leaders in invading Ireland were Heber and Heremon [FLOOD, J.M. "Ireland: Its Myths And  Legends", New York, 1970, ch.2].  These are both Hebrew names like much of Irish  nomenclature...
               "Roberts" [ in what is described as "one of the oldest histories in the English language" in "The Brut or The Chronicles of the Kings of Briton", quoted from McNAIR, RAYMOND F. "Key To Northwest European Origins", Unpublished Thesis, California, U.S.A.  1963, p.240] speaks of Israelites led by a certain Bartholome (also known as "Erain"? cf. Numbers 23:36: Eran son of Ephraim son of Joseph) who were driven from Spain and settled in Ireland:
 "Gwrgan(r)t....directed them [Bartholomew and company] go to Ireland, which at that time lay waste and uninhabited. ...and there they settled..; and there their descendants are to this day in Ireland."
Bartholome .. had his name from a river of Spain called Eirinnal, on the banks of which they had lived.....they had arrived from Israel (Palestine) their original country, and ...their ancestors dwelt in a retired part of Spain,  near Eirnia, from whence the Spaniards drove them to sea.. "
"Bartholomew" or "Partholomew" is also mentioned in Irish accounts as leader of one of the first groups who settled in Ireland. In the account of Roberts above it says expressly that "Israel (Palestine)" was "their original country".

 In 1581 Vincenzio Galilei (father of the astronomer, Galileo Galilei) wrote that the Irish believed themselves descended from David, King of Israel, and that was why they used a harp as their symbol.

"It is stated in very old copies of The Book of Invasions and other ancient documents that it was the Mosaic law that the Milesians brought into Errin at their coming; that it had been learned and received from Moses in Egypt by Cae Cain Beathach, who was himself an Israelite, who had been sent into Egypt to learn the language of that country by the great master Fenius Farsaith, from whom the Milesian brothers, who conquered Errin, are recorded to have been the twenty second generation in descent; and it is stated in the preface to Seanchas Mord [i.e. "The Great Tradition",  the central compilation of the ancient Irish Law] that this was the law of Errin at the time of the coming of St.Patrick". 
[HYMAN, LOUIS. "The Jews of Ireland", Jerusalem, Israel, 1972 p.1].

               Keating says that the Invaders of Ireland were Partholanians, then Nemedians, Fomorians, Fir Bolg, Tuatha de Danaan (who came after being defeated by "Syrians"), and finally Milesians (descendants of Niul) whose ancestor had been an associate of Caei the Eloquent from Judah (sic.) also known as Iar son of Nemha, i..e Caei the Nemedian from the earlier settlers of Ireland!. Niul befriended the Children of Israel under Moses and was offered a portion with them in the Promised Land but declined and so was given by Moses a thousand men and a fleet of ships and so on. He begat Esru and Esru begat Sru. Due to the resentment of the Egyptians they left Egypt and went to Scythia. Fifteen generations later under Batha son of Degatha their descendants migrated to Spain. They were called the sons of Miledh. From the heart of Spain they were driven into the northwest and from Galicia in Spain they launched their invasion of Ireland.
 [KEATING: "THE HISTORY OF IRELAND FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD  TO THE ENGLISH INVASION", by Rev. Geoffrey Keating (ca.1570-1646), translated by J. O'Mahoney, New York, 1866.] 
"Nemha"  (i.e. in "Iar son of Nemha" above) is from the same root as "Nemedian" and means sanctified the same as the Hebrew "Paresh" who fathered a group in Menasseh with whom the Iari were associated! The Iari were a mixed group group from Judah and Manasseh prominent in Anicent Israel and the sorrounding areas and later also in Scotland and Ireland.

 "The Chronicles of Eri, being the history of the Gaal Sciot Iber, or the Irish People, translated from the Phoenician dialect of the Scythian language", by Roger O' Connor were published in London in two volumes in 1822.
  The Chronicle says that the Gaali had been in Armenia, and the Caucasus. They were traders and metallurgists, and archers. Oppressed by the Assyrians they fled via Hamath in northern Syria [-Which incidentally was known later as "Daphne of Antiochia" and was considered one of three regions through which the Lost Ten Tribes were taken into exile (Numbers Rabah 1;6, etc. "Ephraim" p.91, p.150).
[The Jewish historian Nahum Slouschz (1909) regarded the exile of Daphne of Antiochea to represent that of Israelites associated with the Phoenicians]. The Chronicles of Eri tell how the Gaali sail to Spain which was then ruled by the Phoenicians who in turn were directed from (Assyrian-controlled?) Hamath. In Spain they moved from the southern area of Tartessos to Galatia in the northwest and shaked off Phoenician control. Together with the Phoenicians from their base in Spain they established mining operations in Cornwall, in Britain. Some of them moved to Aquitaine in Gaul. Due to war and famine, those in Spanish Galatia emigrated to Ireland. Though not Phoenicians they worshiped God under the form of baal, received instruction in Phoenician ways, bore Hebrew-sounding names and seem to have had Israelite-values such as an aversion to images and other characteristics. 

Stone of Scone is stone upon which Jacob slept and remained with his descendants.

The Milesians are said to have brought with them to Ireland a sacred stone on which their kings were coronated (W.Stewart ca.1532).
William Rishanger (early 1200s) and other versions had earlier said that the Dana (and therefore not the Milesians) brought the stone.
This manner of coronation over a stone is believed to have been an Israelite custom hinted at in the Bible. Later this same stone which the Milesians had brought was carried over to Scotland and there it was known as the Stone of Scone. It was afterwards taken from Scotland and placed under the Coronation Chair of the monarchs of Britain and at present has been returned to Scotland.  Legend states that the stone brought by the Milesians was that on which Jacob slept (Genesis 29;11-19) [Hollinshed's Chronicles ca.1577, John Toland (1670-1772)] and dreamt of angels ascending and descending a ladder reaching up into heaven. According to the Midrash (Genesis, Tanchuma, VaYaetse) this dream concerned the potential future rule of the world and the saving of Jacob's seed from afar and from the land of their captivity (Jeremiah 30;10) meaning from Galia (i.e. Gaul) and from Espania (Spain) and from their neighbors.

Greek and Roman records identified Israel with Saturn and recorded Saturn having been expelled and gone to the British Isles. Saturn was also equated with Seth which in Egyptian terminology could mean Israel. Saturn, Cronos, and Baal in the eyes of pagans were all taken to represent Israel and all were to be found later under the same names in the British Isles.
Saturn identified with Lost Tribes of Israel and located in Britain.
For a more expanded discussion see:
#1. Did the Ancients identify the Lost Israelites with Saturn
in the British Isles?

For more on Mythology see:
Brit-Am Answers to Queries on Mythology

See also:
Biblical Proofs
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