Elisha advises the Shunamitess to avoid the famine. Mini-Article: "Who Were the Philistines?" The Shunamitess comes before the king just as Gehazi spoke of her.
Elisha in Damascus. Assassination of Ben-Hadad and ascension of Hazael. Joram of Judah defeats the Edomites. Ahaziah becomes King of Judah. Joram-Jehoram reigns over Israel and is defeated by Aram.">
|Contents by Subject||
Contents in Alphabetical Order
Who Were the Philistines?
The Shunamite woman had gone to live in the Land of the Philistines. Samson had
also been very friendly with the Philistines. The Philistines were ultimately
assist the Assyrians in transferring Israelites overseas.
[Genesis 10:14] Pathrusim,
(from whom came the Philistines and
[Genesis 10:16] the Jebusite, the Amorite, and the Girgashite;
[Genesis 10:17] the Hivite, the Arkite, and the Sinite;
[Genesis 10:18] the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite. Afterward the families of the Canaanites were dispersed.
[Genesis 10:19] And the border of the Canaanites was from
as you go toward Gerar,
as far as Gaza; then as you go toward Sodom, Gomorrah,
as far as Lasha.
Elisha went to Damascus. By "Damascus" we mean a city in North-east Syria near
the present border with Iraq and not the present day Damascus though the the
term "Damascus" may have been applied to both of them.
See the region of Al-Hasakah and the Khabur River on the accompanying maps.
All the present-day region now known as Syria was once ruled over by Israelites and is destined to be settled by Israelites. The Return of Ephraim will be instrumental in bringing this about, see: Zechariah 10:10, Micah 7:14.
cf. As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, nor the sand of the sea measured,
so will I multiply the descendants of David My servant and the Levites who
minister to Me (Jeremiah 33:22).
[2-Kings 8:20] In his days Edom revolted against Judah's authority, and made a king over themselves.
The word translated here as "revolted" in Hebrew is "pasha" meaning sinned. Edom had a certain obligation to remain faithful to Judah and had rebelled against her.
Yehudah Kiel (Daat Mikra) points out that Edom had been subject to Judah from the time of David (2-Samuel 8:14) and according to the Sages Edon had been ruled by Israel from the time of Saul. The Kingdom of Edom included not only Edomites but other peoples as well such as the Maonites (Amonim), Amalekites , and others. It should also be realized that the terms Edom and Mount Seir though usually applied to an area to the southeast of Judah ALSO were applicable to regions in the north.
The Edomites were a great people. They had a great potential to do good and make a positive contribution as long as they remained subservient to Judah and Israel.
[2-Kings 8:21] So Joram went to Zair, and all his chariots with him. Then he rose by night and attacked the Edomites who had surrounded him and the captains of the chariots; and the troops fled to their tents.
What exactly happened here is not clear. I would interpret the verse as saying that Joram gained a victory but other opinions exist.
[2-Kings 8:22] Thus Edom has been in revolt against Judah's authority to this day. And Libnah revolted at that time.
Libnah was an Israelite Settlement near the border with Edom. It was populated by Cohanim (Priests, Joshua 1:29) and Judaeans. Yehudah Kiel suggests that the reason for their rebellion was dissatisfaction with the pagan practices Joram was introducing into Judah.
[2-Kings 8:23] Now the rest of the acts of Joram, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the Chronicles of the kings of Judah?
These "Chronicles of the kings of Judah" is not identical the Book of Chronicles that we are familiar with from our Bibles though some of the content may be the same.
[2-Kings 8:24] So Joram rested with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the City of David. Then Ahaziah his son reigned in his place.
[2-Kings 8:25] In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab, king of Israel, Ahaziah the son of Jehoram, king of Judah, began to reign.
[2-Kings 8:26] Ahaziah was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Athaliah the granddaughter of Omri, king of Israel.
[2-Kings 8:27] And he walked in the way of the house of Ahab, and did evil in the sight of the LORD, like the house of Ahab, for he was the son-in-law of the house of Ahab.
[2-Kings 8:28] Now he went with Joram the son of Ahab to war against Hazael king of Syria at Ramoth Gilead; and the Syrians wounded Joram.
[2-Kings 8:29] Then King Joram went back to Jezreel to recover from the wounds which the Syrians had inflicted on him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. And Ahaziah the son of Jehoram, king of Judah, went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick.
Here we see that Hazael king of Aram (Syria) had already began to war against Israel as predicted by Elisha.
TO BE CONTINUED
|After the Death of Solomon:|
The Divided Kingdom
Source of Map: