Israelite Tribal Parallels of Location in North Europe
(21 May, 2014, 21 Iyar, 5774)
2. Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in the Wilderness
3. Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in the Land of Israel
4. Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in Northern Europe
5. Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in Ireland and Britain
6. Scandinavia and Israel
7. Tribal Identifications and Overlapping Patterns of Settlement
| 1. Introduction
After the Israelites were delivered from Egypt they sojourned in the Wilderness for 40 years. Most of this time they spent encamped around the Tabernacle.
The Three Northern Tribes
|2. Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in the Wilderness
In the encampment around the Tabernacle we found the group associated by Dan which included the Tribes of Dan, Asher, and Naphtali.
| 3. Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in the Land of Israel
In the Land of Israel we find Dan settled at first in the southwest on the coast adjoining Judah and Ephraim.
Later however elements from Dan moved out and settled in the northern Galilee. They also settled further to the north.
North of Dan and Naphtali in the northern Galiee we find the Tribe of Asher occupying most of what we now call Lebanon.
When the tribes were still in the Land of Israel before the Exile of the Ten Tribes, in the period of the Judges, we found Dan settled at first in one area.
Later Dan moved northwards to Dan in the north Galilee , and also to the Dananu in Cilicia (southeast Turkey). We also find Dan in the Island of Cyprus which the Assyrians referred to as Ydnna or Island of the Dananu i.e. of Dan.
The Promised Land
The Promised Land
|4. Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in Northern Europe
The spatial arrangement of Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in the Land of Israel was repeated after the tribes had moved westward and settled there.
We find Dan in Denmark, Naphtali in Norway, Asher in Scandinavia in general (as the As, plural: Aseir) as well as in Sweden.
[Sweden on the whole however pertains more to the Tribe of Gad.]
| 5. Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in Ireland and Britain
Similarly we find Dan, Asher, and Naphtali all located in neighboring regions in the British Isles.
| 6. Scandinavia and Israel
The Israelite Tribe of Naphtali became the Nephtali-Huns (or "Hephtalites" as they are also called) who together with the Dani were once in east Scythia. From east Scythia the Naphtali migrated to Norway and the Danes to Denmark. This is proven by Scandinavian tradition, by tracing names, by demographic considerations, and by archaeological finds. Elements from Asher, Dan, and Naphtali also reached the region from other directions.
In the Bronze Age, Scandinavia had been settled by peoples from the Middle East whose culture has been defined as Minoan i.e. from Crete and Cyprus. It also bore features reflecting the Phoenicians and Ancient Hebrews. They were Israelites.
The legendary ancestral gods of the Scandinavians were known as the As or in the plural Aseir.
The name AS (as noted by Nahum Slouschz) is the Phoenicians pronunciation of Asher#.
#Nahum SLOUSCHZ, , "Les Hebreo-Pheniciens. Introduction a ire Des Origines de la Colonisation Hebraique dans les Pays Mediteranee," Paris 1909.
NACHUM SLOUSCHZ, "Ba Eyay Ha Yam," (Hebrew), New York 1919.
| 7. Tribal Identifications and Overlapping Patterns of Settlement|
It is to be noted that the above notes do not necessarily reflect the majority Israelite Tribal Identification of the peoples concerned. The Tribes were there alongside Israelites from other Tribes. As mentioned, Asher was to be found throughout Scandinavia but Sweden on the whole appears to be dominated by Gad. So too, in Ireland there were also elements from Ephraim, Manasseh, Judah, Simeon, and others. So too, with Britain.
Nevertheless definite Tribal patterns existed in the Biblical Era. We find these alignments repeated in our times. The Dan, Asher, and Naphtali threesome is one of them. This pattern was repeated from around the Tabernacle, to settlement in the land of Israel, to northern Europe, and again in Britain, and in Ireland, and possibly elsewhere as well.
What we found concerning the group of Three Tribes: Asher, Dan, and Naphtali, parallels what pertains to the rest of the Tribes, as we shall show.
Scandinavia, Ireland, and Britain are at the Ends of the Earth. This is where we find the Tribes of Asher, Dan, and Naphtali. The sdame applies to the rest of the Israelite Tribes.