Two skulls unearthed at a probable mass grave near Philadelphia this month
showed signs of violence, including a possible bullet hole. Another pair of
skulls found earlier at the woodsy site also displayed traumas, seeming to
confirm the suspicions of two historians leading the archaeological dig.
"This was much more than a cholera epidemic," William Watson said.
Watson, chairman of the history department at nearby Immaculata University, and
his twin brother Frank have been working for nearly a decade to unravel the
Anti-Irish sentiment made 19th-century America a hostile place for the workers,
who lived amid wilderness in a shanty near the railroad tracks. The land is now
preserved open space behind suburban homes in Malvern, about 20 miles west of
The brothers have long hypothesized that many of the workers succumbed to
cholera, a bacterial infection spread by contaminated water or food. The disease
was rampant at the time, and had a typical mortality rate of 40 percent to 60
The other immigrants, they surmise, were killed by vigilantes because of
anti-Irish prejudice, tension between affluent residents and poor transient
workers, or intense fear of cholera, or a combination of all three.
When the immigrants died in August 1832, Duffy ordered his blacksmith to burn
the shanty for sanitary reasons and bury the bodies in the railroad fill, the
Watsons say. The men's families were never told of their deaths.
A passenger list for the John Stamp, a ship that sailed from Ireland to
Philadelphia four months earlier, offers possible identities for 15 workers who
came from Donegal, Tyrone and Derry counties.
Michael Collins, Ireland's ambassador to the U.S., visited Duffy's Cut last
summer and said in remarks at Immaculata University that it's an important story
2. Scottish Soldiers in WW1 Were a
Terror to the Germans
'Savage Scots': wish you weren't here
by Kurt Bayer
http://news.scotsman.com/news/39Savage -Scots39-wish-you-weren39t.6487746.jp?utm _source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter Extracts:
REVEALED: "the devils in skirts" in all their glory. A military historian has
unearthed German propaganda from the First World War which shows how the
Kaiser's army demonised Scottish soldiers as savage barbarians.
The image was used on a postcard distributed by German occupiers in Belgium and
France and seeks to play on the racist fears of the local population by
sarcastically depicting "Some Champions of Civilisation, Liberty and Progress"
as a crowd the Germ
Historian Matthew Low, who found the card in a junk shop while researching in
France, said: "I was very excited to discover this card. It is a rare example of
how the Germans viewed the Scottish troops as bloodthirsty savages.
"We know that the imperial German army declared the Black Watch the regiment 'to
be most feared' and frequent references were made to kilted Jocks as 'devils in
skirts' and 'ladies from hell'.
The ferocity of the fighting between German and Scottish forces can be gauged
from the huge Scottish losses. Over 26 per cent of Scottish servicemen died,
compared with a UK figure of just 11 per cent.
Low said: "Much of the German detestation of the Scots came from their
reluctance to take prisoners and some historians like Niall Ferguson have
speculated that the war on the Western Front may have dragged on because German
units were reluctant to surrender to the Scots."
He added: "The image of the kilted warrior became tremendously romantic during
the war. Sometimes English regiments taking up a new position in the trenches
would shout to their enquiring opponents that they were the Black Watch just to
scare them. Others, like the Tyneside Scottish, were desperate to wear kilts
despite their impracticality. The kilts and bagpipes were psychological weapons.
"Highlanders sometimes liked to play up to such a reputation," he said. "Some
79th Cameron Highlanders during the campaign before the Battle of Waterloo in
1815 made impromptu frying pans out of French cuirassier breastplates.
"As they were frying up some steaks, they invited some Belgians to join them,
but the Belgians took one look at the Highlanders frying meat in the dead men's
breastplates and ran off. They thought the Scotsmen were eating the Frenchmen!"
Contemporary accounts suggest that the Germans did have plenty to fear from the
Stephen Graham, who was a private in the Scots Guards, recalled being told by an
instructor: "The second bayonet man kills the wounded. You cannot afford to be
encumbered by wounded enemies lying about your feet. Don't be squeamish."
3. Archaeology: Brit-Am Version of
13.18bis From: david meadows <email@example.com>
ANCIENT NEAR EAST AND EGYPT
Incest is now being suggested as a cause of Tut's early death:
NEW research has undermined the idea that Hitler was a World War One hero whose
wartime experiences propelled him to power.
A new book challenges the commonly held notion that he was considered a brave
member of his close-knit regiment, and that his experience during the Great War
radicalised him and formed his world view.
Dr Thomas Weber's book, 'Hitler's First War', argues that this story was a
fabrication created by propagandists to broaden Hitler's appeal to German
Newly discovered letters and papers suggest Hitler was referred to as a "rear
area pig" (etappenschwein) by comrades, as rather than carrying messages between
trenches on the front line, he was a dispatch runner up to 5km back.
The book suggests the Nazi Party suppressed and discredited accounts of World
War One that showed him as anything other than heroic. Dr Weber said: "The myth
of Hitler as a brave soldier was used by the Nazi party in order to extend its
appeal beyond the far right.
"They went to great lengths to protect this idea, and through my research I
discovered that a memoir written by one of his comrades was significantly
altered between its publication in 1933 and the outbreak of World War Two."
He suggested that the fact Hitler was awarded the Iron Cross had more to do with
being known by the officers who could make recommendations, than his heroics in
'Hitler's First War' will be available in bookshops from September 16.
- Lucinda Cameron
Pleased with what you have read?
The Brit-Am enterprise is a good Biblically-based work.
They who assist Brit-Am will be blessed.
Brit-Am depends on contributions alongside purchases of our publications
'It is impossible to rightly govern the
world without God or the Bible.'
Brit-Am is the "still small voice" that contains the truth.
[1-Kings 19:12] AND AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE A FIRE; BUT THE LORD WAS NOT IN THE
FIRE: AND AFTER THE FIRE A STILL SMALL VOICE.