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15 December 2011, 19 Kislev 5772.
1.Plentiful New Evidence for a Migration from Scythia to Scandinavia.
2. Was the Eridanus River in Ancient Europe named after the Jordan?
3. Aegean and Mycenean Finds were not necessarily Greek but could be Levantine (including Israelite) in general.
4. Some Germanic Groups were originally Celtic.
5. The Ten Tribes Will Fly Back to Israel.
6. Messiah son of Joseph to Identify Individual Israelite Families?
7. Midrash: The Ten Tribes were taken as one group to specific areas whereas the Jews of Judah were scattered all over.
8. Ten Tribes Will have Been Gathered Together Within Their Places of  Exile.
9. Israeli historian, Benny Morris Debunks anti-British Slur.


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1. Plentiful New Evidence for a Migration from Scythia to Scandinavia
 Dr. David K. Faux

The Genetic Link of the Viking - Era Norse to Central Asia:
An Assessment of the Y Chromosome DNA, Archaeological, Historical and Linguistic Evidence

Basically the archaeological evidence strongly suggests that from the 5th Century there was a strong cultural continuity between the areas in Scandanavia and points south and includes artifacts from as far east as Afghanistan. The sheer magnitude of the changes argue for a movement of people as opposed to a cultural diffusion, the change was simply too rapid and without any evidence of a transition, it was apparently a replacement.

Evidence from Norway provides more evidence to support the 'Central Asian migration theory'. For example in Eveboe at Nordfjord in Western Norway is seen a burial kurgan that duplicates what is seen in the East. Here is found a 5th Century grave with Syrian glass, a geometric toy seen only in Iran and Afghanistan and inhumations of three chiefs 'connected in a way which involved the Huns or Eastergermanic horsemen in the Danubian area' (Brandt, 2004).

There appears to be a fairly abrupt change in religious beliefs and practices when after about 500 AD sacrifices in the form of humans, and as well gold foil figurines and coin pendants were buried near the homes of the major chiefs.

Near the point where the River Fyris empties into Lake Malar is found a cemetery with cremation burials containing a wealth of grave goods and covered with large earthen mounds. What becomes particularly interesting in light of the hypothesis set forth here is that at this location at Gamla Uppsala with burial mounds 20 feet high (without boat burials) have been associated with the above Heimskringla. Within the mounds have been found highly decorated armor and horse trappings consistent with Scythian influence. An organic analysis of the soil in the vicinity is consistent with the arrival of a substantial number of horses in the 5th Century, and it is at this time that they make an appearance in the graves of chiefs and warriors. Also, what could be recovered from these cremation burials suggested a grave goods assemblage that included items suggesting a Southeastern European and Persian origin; and in particular the cremation of a woman in one of the mounds included an antique mirror with an eye at the backside which was interpreted as being Sarmatian since these items are very common in the burials of Sarmatian ' Hun women in the Black Sea region (Ph.D. dissertation of Anke Bodo, 1993, as reported by Brandt, 2004).

2. Was the Eridanus River in Ancient Europe named after the Jordan?
Naming the river
The origins of the name of the Rh'e are well-known: the word Rh'e comes from the Latin Rhodanus which itself comes from the Greek Rhodanos. For years the Rh'e was referred to by the Celtic name Eridan which was used as a name for numerous European rivers, including the Elba, the Rhine, and the P' Eridan was a generic name used as a reference to the torrential speed of the waters.
Herodotus (5th century BC) writes in Book 3 of his Histories:

"...for I cannot accept the story of a river called by non-Greek peoples the Eridanus, which flows into the northern sea, where amber is supposed to come from.......Yet it cannot be disputed that tin and amber do come to us from what one might call the ends of the earth... [tin from Britain, amber from the Baltic sea]. In any case it does seem to be true that the countries which lie on the circumference of the inhabited world produce the things which we believe to be most rare and beautiful."

the holy isle of Elektris", named for elektron, "amber", off the mouth of the Eridanos, was reached by the Argonauts, who were fleeing from the Colchians, in Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonautica, Book IV; their return trip from Colchis, in which they passed "the farthest reaches of the stream Eridanos" (iv.597), cannot be made to coincide with actual geography.
Myth tells us that amber originated from the tears shed by the Heliades (maybe Cetus) that flowed into the river Eridanus. The tertiary forests of the Baltic sea area contains 90% of the world's amber which is the best amber in the world. This is one certain identification we can make for Eridanus.

Brit-Am Comment:
Were was the Eridanus?
The Rhone (in France), Rhine, Elbe?
Perhaps its was a conflation of them all?

The Jordan River in Israel in Hebrew is called Yardan or Yordan.
One of its sources is at the Springs of Dan in the north.
The Sages (Talmud Berachot 55:a)interpreted the name Yardan to indicate "Yored me-Dan" i.e. comes down from Dan.
Yored-Dan and Eridan sound very similar.

3. Aegean and Mycenean Finds were not necessarily Greek but could be Levantine (including Israelite) in general.
From: Jon Smyth
Subject: [ANE-2] Re: Sea Peoples, a dubious term.

--- In, David Hall wrote:
> There are scenes of the naval battles with ships of Mycenaean
>design and Egyptian design (Wachsmann) fighting each other in the
>Nile Delta.

Shelley Wachsmann "sees" an Aegean-style ship on a seal from Beit Shemesh. An Aegean-style ship in graffiti at Nahal ha-Me'arot, and again at Teneida near the Dakhla Oasis. Should we believe the Mycenaeans penetrated so far, or rather should we "see" this particular style of ship was a sea-worthy design and consequently popular with a variety of peoples across the eastern Mediterranean.
As Byblos and its environs were a veritible factory for the shipping industry who can say that 'bird-headed' prows were not a very popular and common design.
A frequent occurance in the Sea Peoples paradigm, too much is being made of too little.

I'm sure you know that the "Nile" is nowhere mentioned in the Medinet-Habu texts. The word which is interpreted as refering to the Nile is actually "r3w-H3wt" which only means "river mouths", or perhaps "harbours" nothing to do with the Nile specifically. The meaning is inferred to mean the Nile due to the usage of "r3-H3wt" in the Nauri Stela.
"r3w-H3wt" could be anywhere in the coastal Levant where river-mouths or harbours were to be found as Ramesses III had made it clear he embarked for Djahy.

> Pottery evidence shows a migration of "Sea Peoples" to the coast of
>Israel in'the LBA'- IA transition.'Dothan found parallels
>between the Philistine/Peleset pottery found in coastal areas of
>Israel to that of Crete.'Crete has been described as in
>its "Mycenaean" era'during this time.'

Pottery evidence (Kling, Killebrew, etc.) suggests that "people who had been in contact" with Aegean cultures appeared in the Levant sometime after the end of the 20th dynasty. This was not a direct transfer of an Aegean culture to the Levant.
Long before Trude Dothan's work, Ruth Amiran demonstrated that Aegean pottery styles appeared in the Levant in the Late Bronze. Granted some new styles did appear in Iron I, however, other forms were already in evidence. The Levantine coastal traders were familiar with 'Aegean' wares and had been for centuries.

> The Egyptian 'Tale of Wenamum' from a later period (c. 11th-10th
>century)'indicates the Tjeker (a Sea People described at Medinet
>Habu)'controlled the harbor of Dor between modern Tel Aviv and

Please read Ayelet Gilboa on the most recent excavations at Dor and the emerging picture on who the "Tjekker" appear to have been.

> The writings of the Hebrews described problems'between the
>Philistines'and'Israel as far north as Beth Shean.'The writings
>may have been based on a war between the Philistines and Israel,
>yet'Biblical details of the battle of Beth Shean could not be
>proven'to be'historical.'No Philistine pottery was found at Beth

Which, for those who implicitly trust such writings, only serves to illustrate that to brand a particular selection of pottery with an ethnicon (Philistine) will inevitably lead to erroneous conclusions as to the origin of such wares. Pottery does not equal people.

Jon Smyth
Kitchener, On.

4. Some Germanic Groups were originally Celtic.
--- In Germanic-L, "Joseph Crary" wrote:
The Teutones might very well have been Celtic originally. Also the Langobards were also Celtic before they became Germanic and adopted a Germanic language. They said that they were called 'Winnili' which is very similar to a Celtic tribe with a most similar name. Also the Frisians of early Roman times were not the same as later Frisians; there was something about them originally being Celtic as well.

5. The Ten Tribes Will Fly Back to Israel

The Ten Tribes will return after the Coming of the Messiah Son of David.
The Ten Tribes when they return will fly back (Isaiah 26:20 Yalkut Shimeoni on Isaiah 49:9 469 Pesikta Rabati 39:10).

Isaiah 60:8
8 Who are these who fly like a cloud,
And like doves to their roosts?
9 Surely the coastlands shall wait for Me;
And the ships of Tarshish will come first,
To bring your sons from afar,
Their silver and their gold with them,
To the name of the LORD your God,
And to the Holy One of Israel,
Because He has glorified you.

6. Messiah son of Joseph to Identify Individual Israelite Families?
Eisemann  quotes (Yechezkiel p.579) from a Midrashic source (Pirkei Heichalot 39:1) that due to the Messiah son of Joseph,
# all of Israel will be identified by their correct families. #

7.. Midrash: The Ten Tribes were taken as one group to specific areas whereas the Jews of Judah were scattered all over.
Isaiah 11:12 He will set up a banner for the nations,
And will assemble the outcasts of Israel,
And gather together the dispersed of Judah
From the four corners of the earth.

Midrash Breishit Raba 73:5

cf. Midrash Tehillim Shochar Tov Psalms 147.

8. Ten Tribes Will have Been Gathered Together Within Their Places of  Exile.
Hoses 8:10 Yes, though they have hired  [Hebrew: yitnu i.e. will have been placed] among the nations,
Now I will gather them;
The first part of this verse in the Hebrew may be understood to say,
# Even though they will have given themselves over to be like the Gentiles: In their place of Exile, I will gather them together.#

9. Israeli historian, Benny Morris Debunks anti-British Slur.
Benny Morris on Palestinan Peoplehood
Israeli historian weighs in on Newt Gingrich’s ‘invented’ remark
By Marc Tracy|December 14, 2011 10:00 AM
Some pointed to the historian Joan Peters as the source of Gingrich's history.
She wrote a book, From Time Immemorial, but it was actually panned by most critics, most historians thought it wasn't solid history. It was written with a political bent. It's not based on good archival work, good analysis. It's not taken seriously by most historians.

Look, there were Arabs who migrated into Palestine (this is part of her argument). Palestine became more habitable, and Arabs immigrated in certain numbers. But I think the numbers are negligible. I don't think any serious demographer thinks most of the Palestinians were recent comers.

Brit-Am Comment:
The Palestinians have no claim to the Land of Israel regardless of where they come from.
The Bible is against them.
Joan Peters in From Time Immemorial claimed that most of the Palestinians were newcomers who had flooded into the land after the Jews began to arrive especially after 1917.
Peters claimed that the British had a deliberate policy of bringing in Arabs in order to nullify Jewish influence.
Some of them may have had such intentions but apparently their influence was much less significant than Peters said it was.
We discussed this briefly in The Tribes.
We pointed out that Jewish capitalists in general often preferred Arab labor and that there was a public struggle on this matter.

BARS List of Contents.


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