Europa and Jeroboam of Israel
and Her Brothers Represent Lost Israelites?
Greek Mythology relates that the chief god Zeus disguised himself as a white bull and abducted the
Phoenician princess Europa daughter of Agenor from her home in Tyre, Lebanon.
They went to Crete where Europa gave birth to Minos, Rhadamanthys, and Sarpedon.
Minos became king of the Minoans in Crete.
Sarpadon went to Lycia in Anatolia (in present-day Turkey).
Rhadamanthus went to Boetia in Greece. His sons were Gortys and Erythrus whose
name is Greek for Edom.
Virgil (69 - 18 BC) makes Rhadamanthus one of the judges and punishers of the
damned in the Underworld (Tartarus) section of The Aeneid.
Pindar says that Rhadamanthus is the right-hand man of Cronus (now ruling
Elysium) in the Isles of the Blessed (a term that could be applied to the
British Isles) and was the sole judge of the dead.
Elysium, a paradise which Homer placed in the far west, on the banks of the
encircling river Oceanos.
Cadmos and his brothers sons of Agenor of Tyre in Phoenicia were sent to search
for Europa. Cadmos founded Thebes in Greece and introduced the Phoenician
[Proto-Hebraic] Alphabet to the Greeks. He was reponsible for the creation of
the Spartans who sprang from the earth.
In the article below, John R. Salverda, analyses the legends surrounding these
figures and finds in them traditions concerning the Ten Tribes of Israel in
their journeys westward from the Land of Israel after being exiled by Assyria.
Europe is named after a descendant of Io's who was called, 'Europa.' The myth of
Europa can be found in any book of Greek Mythology, and has been well known for
almost 3000 years. Can anything new be learned from it' No, but oddly enough, we
can still learn something old, from it. Let us begin by examining the name
itself. The name Europa, is a feminized form of the same Hebrew name that comes
to us through Biblical sources, in it's masculine Latin form, 'Jeroboam.' I
learned this, when I compared two maps of the same city in Syria, one had the
city labeled, 'Jerablus,' while the other had it as, 'Europos.' It occurred to
me that this was a perfectly reasonable transliteration, and that both names
were one and the same.
King Jeroboam, the first king of the northern ten tribes of Israel, is mentioned
often in the Bible, unfortunately his name usually follows after the phrase,
'the sins of...' This is because Jeroboam was infamous for reintroducing the
worship of god in the form of a bull, and calves were set up as images of god's
savior, these constituted the 'sins of Jeroboam.' This tendency toward
tauropomorphism, began at the Exodus, when Israel's agent of deliverance,
(legends say it was Michael the Archangel) was overwhelmingly agreed, by the
very witnesses of the event, to have been a calf, of whom they built a golden
image. This was an idol, not of God, but of the son of god, and they sang these
words as they danced around it, 'This is your god oh Israel, who brought you up
out of the land of Egypt.' Israel was regularly personified as a maiden, (the
Virgin Israel) who was beloved by God and betroth to Him. But the Israel of
Jeroboam, went, whoring after foreign gods. It becomes obvious that, to some,
she was known by a feminized version of King Jeroboam's name. The evidence for
this identification is overwhelming. Europa got carried away adoring god in the
form of a bull as well, and both the Virgin Israel and the maiden Europa, were
from Phoenicia. The resulting, 'loss among the nations,' occurred in both cases,
from the same place, and for the same reason. Does it surprise us to think that
this story, (which included a promise by God to his People who were dispersed
amongst the nations,) may have, in ancient times, received a wider distribution,
than to be stored away on some Temple scroll and only be known, eventually,
through the Bible' In fact the story was far famed, as we might have known.
The Greek myths tell us that Europa had a son who ruled over the Island of
Crete, his name was Minos. If Europa be from Jeroboam, and the Cretans spoke
Western Semitic, (the same language as the land of Canaan) which they did, then
I'll bet 'Minos,' is the same name as 'Manasseh.' In fact one wonders indeed, if
there wasn't a bit of confusion between the stories of the Cretan, King Minos,
and the later Judean, King Manasseh. How many other kings, from this same area,
with the same name, were famous for sacrificing youths to a bull headed god'
(Minotaur, Manasseh's Torah' is Manasseh an alternate version of the name Moses'
as in Judges, chapter 18, Verse 30, if so, perhaps the Minotaur was
blasphemously named for the Law of Moses.) Thus it seems likely that the
'Minoan' civilization was named for the son of Joseph, Manasseh.
This series of coincidences about Europa is impressive enough without mentioning
this other weird point, which was the fact that Israel was prophesied to be
regathered by an heir to the throne, and returned to her homeland in the last
days. (Isa. 11;10-12) But, this famous promise, must be cited here as evidence
that Europa is Israel, because this hopeful prophecy is also coincidental to the
'myth.' The Greek myth asserts that the true heir to the throne was sent to find
the lost Europa, and he was told not to return until he could bring her back.
and the Brothers of Europa
Although the story of Io must have been in existence in one form or another,
since the Exodus, (parts of her story belong to the days of Abraham, but most of
it, is the story of Hermes Argiophontes, her deliverer, who plays the role of
Moses at the Exodus) there is no doubt that the version of her story which has
come down to us, did not receive it's final form, until after her descendant
Cadmus came to Greece. We know this, because the story incorporates the use of
the Alphabet within it's body, for Io was able to spell her name in the sand
with her cow hoof. (This part of the story relies upon the fact that the Greek
'I' was just a 'Jot,' and the letter 'o,' resembles a hoof print.) She was
thereby identified when she returned home after her extensive 'wanderings.' This
detail limits the Greek antiquity of Io's story, until about 850 BC. when the
Greeks first began to use the Alphabet. But, this was a Phoenician story that
was brought to Greece at a later date, generations after these events actually
occurred, and the Phoenicians knew about the founding of Argos already for years
back home, because, they were Israelites and the city of Argos was a colony of
Hebron, also it was they who had an alphabet which Io could spell, the Hebrew
No one doubts that the Hebrew alphabet was used in Greece, but it seems to me,
calling it 'Phoenician,' is a bit misleading. If Moses, famous for his writings,
wrote anything, then it is logical to assume him to be the oldest known user of
this alphabet. The Greeks, in keeping with the identification of Moses with
Hermes, (the serpent stick carrying messenger of god who delivers god's earthly
wife from her bondage,) credit Hermes as the inventor of the alphabet. Cadmus is
accredited with bringing the alphabet of Hermes, from Phoenicia to Greece, but,
not until about 850 BC. It's easy to dismiss all myths in a group as fairy
tales, but Cadmus was not a god, he was a man who is famous for doing something
which really happened, others who lived within a few hundred years of him speak
of Cadmus as an actual historic personage. He came to Greece with a colony and
was considered to be the founder of Thebes, a quite well known city in Boeotian
Greece, which was even called 'Cadmea,' after him.
While there seems to have been a real Cadmus, it is, as if a very familiar
religious doctrine, has gotten attached to him. Because the role of Cadmus in
the story about the return of Europa, foreshadows a type of the Christian
Messiah, he is made to perform a series of tasks, which are obviously designed
to fulfill many key Messianic prophecies. These tasks were, perhaps, more
'expected,' of him than were actually 'performed' by him. He destroys the
serpent by transfixing it to a tree, thus, 'lifting it up,' and 'nailing it to
the tree.' Leaving the Sparti in Greece, Cadmus goes to the Northwest, into
Europe proper, where they make him King, in the land of the Enchelians, (Angels'
Angles, or English') where, in the end, he and Harmonia, never really die but
are instead Miraculously translated.
The Sparti remained in Greece, where they left many descendants, and worshipped
Cadmus as a hero, with shrines. One famous, such hero shrine of Cadmus, was
located in the Greek nation of Sparta, on the Laconian coast, and was maintained
by the Spartans, (sown ones) even down to the days of the Jewish high priests
Onias, and Jonathan. As reported by Josephus, and recorded in Rabbinical
writings, Onias and the Spartans, wrote to each other, and both recognized the
Spartans as having a common ancestor.
-John R. Salverda
For more articles on the Hebraic
Connections of Greek Mythology, see:
"Helleno-Yishurin. The Hebrew Origin of Greek Legends"
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