.  The Brit-Am 
 Movement of the Lost Ten Tribes 

Brit-Am Now no. 1433
The Lost Ten Tribes of Israel Movement
24 December 2009, 7 Tevet 5770
1. Do the Jews Really Exist?
Converts from West European Nations Amongst the Jewish People
(a) The Present Wave of Anti-Semitism in Western Europe
(b) The Existence of the Jews in History
(c) Converts to Judaism of West European Origin
2. Question concerning Old English Word and Hebrew
3. Proverbs 20 (New King James Version)


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1. Do the Jews Really Exist?
Converts from West European Nations Amongst the Jewish People

"orange street congregational church" <secretary@orange-street-church.org> wrote:

Greetings too you.
Have you seen this book called  - THE INVENTION OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE. by SHLOMO SAND. He is a Israeli also, and if so what do you think of what he says???
God Bless
Secretary, Orange Street Congregational Church


Brit-Am Reply:

(a) The Present Wave of Anti-Semitism in Western Europe
Before answering your question what is happening where you are?
The impression here is that a wave of primitive ugly Jew-hatred is seeping over Britain and Western Europe.
The revered BBC has been caught telling lies and half-truths and gross exaggerations against Israel. The State of Israel is being depicted as a monstrous entity.  The British, Dutch, Finnish, Norwegian, and other governments as well as prominent NGOs in those countries are pouring millions of dollars into the pockets of the Palestinians and any Israeli Jewish organization prepared to betray others Jews and work against Israel.
You are a Protestant patriot living in Ulster.
How would you react if the Netherlands regularly paid tens of millions of dollars to the IRA or rather to a hypothetical branch of the IRA that had sworn to kill you and your family and every Protestant it could lay hands on?
[ Whatever you may think of it the IRA looks to us like a Quakers Union compared to the most moderate of Arab organizations aligned against Israel.]

Now to your question:

(b) The Existence of the Jews in History
The book by Sand according to news releases was originally written in Hebrew and was said to have been a best seller in Israel before being translated into English.
I saw overseas discussions of the book, thought it might have informational leads or points worth seeing, and went looking for it.  I asked around in several leading book purveyors (Steimantsky, Ludwig Mayer) in Jerusalem and they had never heard of it. 
Who was reading it?
Maybe all the beatniks in Tel Aviv?
Anyway, I have not yet seen the book and maybe I have not missed much.
You said that author is "a Israeli also" as if that lent him something extra.
According to articles on the web he is communist, son of Communist parents, and was associated with Arab enemies of the Jewish State of Israel.
In other words it is reasonable to assume that his book has an agenda behind it and is not merely an abstract historical study.
His book according to reviews says that after the Romans destroyed the Temple most Jews stayed in the land and became non-Jewish Palestinians.
Meanwhile a few Jews went to Europe where they converted a whole lot of eager Gentiles to cut off their foreskins, suffer persecutions and horrendous harassment and become fanatical Jews prepared to give their lives for the sake of the Jewish Belief in One God.
And that is just for starters.
Wonders will never cease.
Are the Jews Really Europeans?
Who knows.
Our impression is that conventional historical accounts are more or less accurate.
The Jews were driven almost entirely out of the Holy Land. Some remained and became Gentiles. In this however as in similar cases most of those who became Christians or whatever may to start with have been merely Gentiles who had converted beforehand such as the Idumeans.
The Jews in Europe including those in the West in the early days may well have accepted many converts.
Judaism always accepted converts even though this often lead to persecutions and the converts did not always stay the distance.
The present-day Jews contain a substantial hard core of direct descendants of the ancient Judaeans along with converts many of whom in our opinion
descend from the Lost Ten Tribes.

(c) Converts to Judaism of West European Origin
Until recently most converts (and nearly all those who remained religious) were mainly of West European ancestry.
We have an article on this subject.

You had people interested in Judaism from very many countries. You had many people who came from Great Britain, [and from] Scotland. You had many people from Germany. -It is interesting that there were less from France. - Many people from Holland and the Scandinavian countries, Finland, etc., etc.
... I would say definitely that the people, the converts who come from "northern countries" (let's put it that way), have a much greater affinity with Judaism ...There is a definite preponderance of people from "Northern" countries. By "northern" I mean Scotland, Holland, Scandinavian countries: These definitely have greater [affinity]. The conversion process is more natural to them than it is to either Latin or even Slavic people. ...we can also say that people who came from a good Christian background had less of a problem as compared to people who came from, let us say, an atheistic or non-religious environment.

Brit-Am : Did you not once [before this interview] say that Dutch people had an affinity for Judaism?

Answer : Yes of course, this has to do with the Bible, with the affinity for what they call the "Old" Testament, definitely.
... There were not too many Irish, not too many Irish, no. But there were quite a number of Scottish people. One must say that they were amongst the best candidates. Also the Dutch and the Northern English.
...the more religious the upbringing the person has [the better it is]. The basic concepts of religion are the same. There is more observance, maybe, in Judaism BUT the basic concepts are very similar, identical. I would say not only similar, but identical. [Likewise] In ethical behavior, in ethical externally related behavior, in family-oriented behavior.

2. Question concerning Old English Word and Hebrew
Harold J White, MD wrote:
 the relation of "gno'f" to ganoff.
 "gno'f is in the opening of Chaucer's The Miller's Tale.
The opening words contain "gno'f".Could this relate to "ganoff"?
I look forward to get your opinion.
Harold J White,MD

Brit-Am Reply:

Ganoff (pronounceable in Ashkenazic Hebrew and Yidddish as Gonof) in Hebrew means "thief".
In Old English, English slang, English dialects, and Lowland Scottish one finds numerous Hebrew words.

As for Chaucer
In "The Miller's Tale" Chaucer Said:
# Whilom there was dwelling in Oxenford
A riche
gnof*, that *guestes held to board*, *miser *took in boarders*
And of his craft he was a carpenter.
With him there was dwelling a poor

A Web Search showed "gnof" to be explained as churl, curmudgeon, lowbred person.
We found your question concerning the word gnof to have been raised by you elsewhere:

Too Dumb To Be a Thief?
On Language
Published August 28, 2008, issue of September 05, 2008.
Dr. Harold J. White writes:
# At the beginning of "The Miller's Tale" in Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales," in Vincent Hopper's interlinear translation, I came across the line "A riche gnof that gestes heeld to bord," which Hopper renders as "A rich scoundrel who took in paying guests." Could gnof come from Hebrew/Yiddish ganef, a thief? And if so, how did Chaucer know of such a word, since there were no Jews then in England??

#....when I opened my copy of "The Student's Chaucer," published in 1900 by Rev. Walter W.
Skeat, Litt. D., LL.D., Ph.D., M.A., Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the University of Cambridge, and turned to "gnof" in the glossary, I found: "Churl (literally, thief), Modern English "gonoph."" In other words, Skeat, who did not lack degrees or academic standing, did think that gnof came from ganav
. Dr. White's suggestion had to be taken seriously after all.

The linguistic discussion however in the above article doubts a relationship between gnof and ganoff due to differences in stress and other linguistic considerations.
We disagree and we there are sources (concerning derivatives from Ancient Greek) that question the universal applicability of such reservations.

Whatever the case concerning gonof-gnof there is a strong Hebrew element in English in general.

3. Proverbs 20 (New King James Version)

 1 Wine is a mocker,
      Strong drink is a brawler,
      And whoever is led astray by it is not wise.
       2 The wrath[a] of a king is like the roaring of a lion;
      Whoever provokes him to anger sins against his own life.
       3 It is honorable for a man to stop striving,
      Since any fool can start a quarrel.
       4 The lazy man will not plow because of winter;
      He will beg during harvest and have nothing.
       5 Counsel in the heart of man is like deep water,
      But a man of understanding will draw it out.
       6 Most men will proclaim each his own goodness,
      But who can find a faithful man?
       7 The righteous man walks in his integrity;
      His children are blessed after him.
       8 A king who sits on the throne of judgment
      Scatters all evil with his eyes.
       9 Who can say, "I have made my heart clean,
      I am pure from my sin"?
       10 Diverse weights and diverse measures,
      They are both alike, an abomination to the LORD.
       11 Even a child is known by his deeds,
      Whether what he does is pure and right.
       12 The hearing ear and the seeing eye,
      The LORD has made them both.
       13 Do not love sleep, lest you come to poverty;
      Open your eyes, and you will be satisfied with bread.
       14 "It is good for nothing,"[b] cries the buyer;
      But when he has gone his way, then he boasts.
       15 There is gold and a multitude of rubies,
      But the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.
       16 Take the garment of one who is surety for a stranger,
      And hold it as a pledge when it is for a seductress.
       17 Bread gained by deceit is sweet to a man,
      But afterward his mouth will be filled with gravel.
       18 Plans are established by counsel;
      By wise counsel wage war.
       19 He who goes about as a talebearer reveals secrets;
      Therefore do not associate with one who flatters with his lips.
       20 Whoever curses his father or his mother,
      His lamp will be put out in deep darkness.
       21 An inheritance gained hastily at the beginning
      Will not be blessed at the end.
       22 Do not say, "I will recompense evil";
      Wait for the LORD, and He will save you.
       23 Diverse weights are an abomination to the LORD,
      And dishonest scales are not good.
       24 A man's steps are of the LORD;
      How then can a man understand his own way?
       25 It is a snare for a man to devote rashly something as holy,
      And afterward to reconsider his vows.
       26 A wise king sifts out the wicked,
      And brings the threshing wheel over them.
       27 The spirit of a man is the lamp of the LORD,
      Searching all the inner depths of his heart.[c]
       28 Mercy and truth preserve the king,
      And by lovingkindness he upholds his throne.
       29 The glory of young men is their strength,
      And the splendor of old men is their gray head.
       30 Blows that hurt cleanse away evil,
      As do stripes the inner depths of the heart.[d]

Proverbs 20:2 Literally fear or terror which is produced by the king's wrath
Proverbs 20:14 Literally evil, evil
Proverbs 20:27 Literally the rooms of the belly
Proverbs 20:30 Literally the rooms of the belly


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