"Brit-Am Now"- 304
October 3, 2003
Numbering Note: The title "Brit-Am Now"-302 was
mistakenly given to the
postings of "Brit-Am Now".
1. Hebrew Celtic Namesakes no.3:
YAIR of Judah,
Manasseh, Scotland, and Ireland all in One!
1. Hebrew Celtic Namesakes
YAIR of Judah, Manasseh, Scotland, and Ireland all in One!
in Assyrian terminology meant Judah. The Assyrians referred to a Yadi
north-west of Syria as well as Yadi of Judah in the south.
inscription mentions Azaryah of Yadi campaigning in the north.
known as Uziah) was a king of Judah.
Regarding Azaryah of Yadi it is worth
noting that he was contemporary with
Jeroboam-11 of northern Israel and in
alliance with him. Jeroboam-11 was
described as reconquering Hamath that
belonged [previously] to Judah.
Hamath as a geographical region (and not
just a city) encompassed Yadi.
It would stand to reason that Jeroboam
reconquered Yadi in the north and
returned it to the control of Judah in the
south which at that times was
ruled by Azariyah.
[2-Kings 14:28] NOW
THE REST OF THE ACTS OF JEROBOAM, AND ALL THAT HE DID,
AND HIS MIGHT, HOW HE
WARRED, AND HOW HE RECOVERED DAMASCUS, AND HAMATH,
WHICH BELONGED TO JUDAH,
FOR ISRAEL, ARE THEY NOT WRITTEN IN THE BOOK OF
THE CHRONICLES OF THE KINGS
Elsewhere we have shown how Damascus in the north
referred to a region on
the Euphrates River and to the east of it.
enclave from Judah in the north is consistent with the Bible and
interrelates with the existence of the group belonging to Yair in the
THE CLAN OF YAIR (DESCENDANT OF JUDAH) IN GILEAD OF MENASSEH
AND IAR THE
PROPHET IN IRISH TRADITION:
[Part of the following
material concerning Yair is based on a study
appearing in an old (undated)
British Israel National Message Serial
no.118c, from an unnamed author who
did however substantiate his claims
from quoted sources]
The name of Iar appears several times in the Irish genealogies
forms: There is Iarbonel the prophet one of the four sons of
mentioned by Keating. There is Jaruanell the prophet one of the four
of Neuie McAgamemnon in the "Annals of Clonmacnois".
Keating mentions that "some antiquaries" derive the Tuatha De
"Iarbanel son of Nemedh". Iarbanel is considered a form of
The Leabhar Gabhala also brings two alternate versions
which Iarbanel is high up on the genealogical lists of the
In the History of Keating the sages are mentioned:
Farsa the Scythian; Gaedal son of Ethor, of the race of Gomer, from
and "Caei the Eloquent (or the Just), from Judea, or Iar, son of
others call him.."
Iarbonel, Iarbanel, Iar,
and Jaruanell are all versions of
IAR!! Not only that but Yair in the Bible
was linked to both Judah and to
Gilead of Menasseh east of the Jordan one of
whose sons was Peresh
("Separated" or "Sanctified") which name is identical
with that of "Nemha"
in Irish. The above source connects Iar with both Judah
and Nemha who in
turn is linked to Gilead! Nemha (i.e. Nemedh) was ancestor
Nemedians and his name has the same meaning as the Hebrew Pereshwho
linked with Gilead of Menasseh who gave rise to the Celtic Galatae also
known as the Galadi.
"Iar" or "Yair" or "Jair" is
recorded in the Bible as a
descendant of Judah who settled in the land of
Gilead of Machir in Menasseh
and had at least 23 cities attached to
"The sons of Judah..Pharez and Zerah..
"The sons of Pharez;
Hezron and Hamul.
"And afterwards Hezron went in to the daughter of
Machir the father of
Gilead, whom he married when he was sixty years old;
and she bare him Segub.
"And Segub begat Jair, who had twenty three
cities in the land of Gilead.
"And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the
towns of Jair, from them, with
Kenath and the towns thereof, sixty cities.
All these belonged to the sons
of Machir the father of Gilead.
Gilead was the son of
Machir who was the firstborn of
Menasseh. They inherited their portion in
the lands on the east side of the
Jordan stretching to the northeast and
reaching far into the north and
eastward to the River
Old Assyrian inscriptions often recall the Iari
identified as the people of Yair, i.e. "Jair" who fought along the
Euphrates' banks and sometimes in the north to the east of the Euphrates in
the region of the Habor tributary (B. Mazar in Encyclopedia Biblica,
"Yair"). Contrary to some opinions the territory of Gilead did reach up
to those regions.
In regards to the people of Yair it is
worth noting the
opinion of the Israeli researcher, Benjamin Mazar in the
~ "Yair, Yairi": "A large family belonging to the
Tribe of Menasseh... In
the account of Israelite conquest east of the Jordan
this family plays an
important role....the family of Yair were related by
family-blood with the
family of Hezron from Judah on one side and with
Machir father of Gilead on
~There is ground to assume
that Yair was also a general name for a large
group of Israelite clans who
had already united at the beginning of the
Israelite conquest of the
northern part of the land of Gilead and from
there had spread out over the
Land of Bashan; (Consequently) a large and
broad territory east of the
Jordan was called by their name, "Townships of
Yair". This widely-branched
family held on to its own inheritance..and also
succeeded in gaining
control over the territory of Argob in Bashan....
~It is possible that
the group of clans, known in Scripture by the name of
Yair, are recalled in
Assyrian records. In the preamble to several
building-dedications the King
of Assyria, Adadnirari-i tells how
his father Archdinal (early 1200s b.c.e)
fought against and subdued the
camps of Achlemu [i.e. Arami-Syrians], Suthi
[=Seth], and Yauri [Iauri] on
the banks of the Euphrates.
are grounds for the proposition that the Yauri are none other than
nomadic Sons of Yair who would transmigrate between the desert and the
Euphrates River; also in the Genealogical records of the Tribes east of the
Jordan is retained the recollection of their spreading out to the Euphrates
River "Because their cattle were multiplied in the land of Gilead"
(1-Chronicles 5;9). From the 1200s Assyrian sources several times recall
the camps of Yauri [Iauri], Yari [Iari], and the Land of Yari [Iari] and
the Mountains of Yari [Iari] in the region of the Euphrates and Khabor
Rivers. In addition Assurnasipal-11 and his successors recall the House of
Yair [Iahir].... as one of the princedoms in Mesopotamia whose centre was
the city Magrisu.."
~The name Yair apparently expresses the wish that
God will shine his face
upon the child, meaning to say, show him favour;
cf. "The LORD make his
face shine upon thee..." (Numbers
Scripture (1-Chronicles chapter two) states
that Yair was
descended from Judah yet his people were to be identified with
son of Machir from the Tribe of Menasseh. As noted above Irish
also relates "Iar" (i.e. Yair) to Judah! The region of Yair (and
one of 12 administrative districts into which King Solomon
divided the Land
of Israel. It was ruled by the Ben-Gever(Son of Geber)
whose father (Geber
the son of Uri) was appointed over all Gilead and the
of Bashan which could reach up to the Euphrates and
"And Solomon had twelve officers over all
of Geber, in Ramoth Gilead; to him pertained the towns of
Jair the son of
Menasseh , which are in Gilead; to him also pertained the
region of Argob,
which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and
"Geber the son of Uri was in the country of Gilead, in
the country of
Sihon king of the Amorites, and of Og king of Bashan; and he
was the only
officer which was in the land."
Ptolemy listed numerous place and historical
proving that Israelite tribes once ruled over all the area of
Syria reaching at least to the Euphrates. Examples are the areas
RAHABENI (i.e. Reuben), MASANI (Menasseh), CAUCHABENI (i.e. Sons of
Chauchi, i.e. of Haggi son of Gad), BATHANAEI (Bashan in Aramaic),
CHALYBONITIS (Chalybes of Judah), and the cities of Belginaea and Belagaea
(Belgae from Bela-g-h), and GABARA from Geber in the region of Bashan
(Bathanaei) close to Masani (Menasseh ). The "House of Gabbar" were the
ruling dynasty of "Yadi". Yadi was a Judaean enclave in north west Syria
("Hamath which belonged to Judah" 2-Kings 14;28) known as "Yadi" (i.e.
"Judah" in Assyrian) and also garrisoned by the "Dananu" from the Tribe of
Dan and somehow associated with the neighbouring Tribe of Gad since its
other name "Smal" is synonymous with Zephion a clan of Gad. The Tsaffani
(from Tsfion of Gad) were listed by the Assyrians in the region of Smal!
The people of Yadi were taken into exile to an area of Armenia whereto
exiles from the Ten Tribes were also taken. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle said
that the Celts of Britain came from Armenia. Ethnic and Place-names with
the root "Geber" (GBR) were found amongst the Celts on the Continent
(Guberni, Gabreta) and in Scotland and Ireland: Ptolemy recalled the
GABRETA in Baiern (Bavaria) whom Zeuss identified as a Celtic people and
recalls the city of Gabromagus and Vergobretus (in territory of the Aedui
of Gaul, Caesar, G.W.1;16). There was also a Celtic group called Guberni
(Pliny N.H.4;17) between the Ubii and Batavi in Holland.
In ancient Ireland there was an important ethnic group tribe
and a place named Gabran (mod. Gowran in County Kilkenny)
and a king of the
Picts in northern Scotland had the same name.
people gave their name to Leinster in east Ireland.
They were also known as
GABAIR (ORahilly). After being conquered by the
Milesian Goidels, the Lagin
Gabair joined forces with them and participated
in raids on, and settlement
in, Scotland. They have been equated with the
Gailian or Galioin which names
may well derive from the Golan in the Land
of Israel since GEBER or GABAR
appears to have once been an important
family name in that general area. To
the northeast of Eboracum (York) and
the Parissi were the GABRANTOVICES.
Further north in the Caledonian region
of the Gadeni (Otadeni) was the
settlement of Gabrosentas.
From Gilead ("Galaad") of Israel
emerged the Galatae or
"Galadi" of northern Gaul, the Galadon of northern
Wales and southern
Britain, and the Caledonians of Scotland. These groups
had ethnic migratory
connections with the Gaels of Ireland. In both Ireland
and Scotland are
toponyms bearing the name Iar (i.e. Yair) which are
believed to represent
an eponymous ancestor of that name
The IERNE in southeast Ireland regarded IAR as their
forefather and similar usage of the name is also found in Scotland (Hubert
p.197)! The people of Yair may therefore be assumed to have been submerged
amongst the descendants of Gilead in the British Isles. The Irish legends
quoted above speak of Iar of Judea or of Iarbanel the Prophet who is
identifiable with Iar and who in some accounts was one of the first
ancestors of the Nemedian peoples (including the Dana and Milesians) who
settled in Ireland and elsewhere is closely associated with Fennius, the
first and primary forefather. "Nemed" means "Separated" or "Sanctified" the
same as "Peresh" the son of Machir the son of Menasseh (1-Chronicles 7;16).
It is doubtful if the transmitters of the Irish legends were ever aware of
the quoted verses in the First Book of Chronicles and their historical
value. Neither did they know what was inscribed on Assyrian tablets
concerning the Iari. Neither were the place names bearing the ethnic
denomination "Iar" in Ireland and Scotland derived from scholastic
imagination. It follows that all of these proofs are from independent
sources that complement each other and indicate historical truths
underlying the Irish texts. Biblical and archaeological evidence showed a
geographical linkage of the names Gabar, Gad, Yair, Yadi (Yehudah), and
Gilead and parallel associations are noticeable in the toponomy of Ireland
and Scotland and in Celtic Mythology.
The Irish texts
mentioned above speak of several waves of
invasion of peoples who were
essentially akin to each other and from the
same ancestors. They speak of
having had some portions of their people
subjected in Greece or in "Grecian
Scythia", of having been in Egypt, of
having been able if they so wished to
partake with the Israelites in the
Israelite inheritance, of their leader's
forces having included Israelites,
of going to Scythia, and of conquering
Spain and in Spain being driven into
the northwest and from there coming to
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