August 9, 2003
1. The term "Yank" = Jacob?
2. Biblical Proof no.11: Military Power
3. Texas Meeting
4. Question on Cyprus
At 05:39 PM 8/8/2003 +0200, you wrote:
>Dear Yair Davidly
>I read your explanation of the name Yank. We learned history at school in
>Holland. The name Yank or Yankee came from the specific Dutch name
>Jankees. This an combination of two Dutch names Jan and Kees. Jan is a
>short name from Johan of Johannes (John in English. Kees has been derived
>from Cornelis. Jacob (Jaap) is also a Dutch naam. I do not know the
>relation between Jankees and Jacob.
>Dr. H. Dubbelman
From what I understand the origin of the name "Yank" has been debated. Not
everybody says that it comes from a Dutch pronunciation.
Whatever its origin the name is an acceptable Ashkenazic (European Jewish)
shortened form of Jacob. That is sufficient for the point we
were making in the article on the web.
2. Biblical Proof no.11: Military Power
This proof is part and parcel of the previous two (9. Rule over Peoples;
10. Be the Dominant World Power (Balak, Ephraim) but we have counted it
separately. It adds something in the way of emphasis.
[Jeremiah 51:19] THE PORTION OF JACOB IS NOT LIKE THEM; FOR HE IS THE
FORMER OF ALL THINGS: AND ISRAEL IS THE ROD OF HIS INHERITANCE: THE LORD OF
HOSTS IS HIS NAME.
[Jeremiah 51:20] THOU ART MY BATTLE AXE AND WEAPONS OF WAR: FOR WITH THEE
WILL I BREAK IN PIECES THE NATIONS, AND WITH THEE WILL I DESTROY KINGDOMS;
Israel is the tool God uses to break and make nations. To the degree that
this prophecy was to be fulfilled before the Messianic Era then it could
only have been fulfilled by the Lost Ten Tribes. The Lost Ten Tribes of
Israel could therefore only be found amongst a people or peoples who were
powerful on the international scene, preferably the most powerful. This is
another proof confirming our Brit-Am identifications.
[Jeremiah 51:21] AND WITH THEE WILL I BREAK IN PIECES THE HORSE AND HIS
RIDER; AND WITH THEE WILL I BREAK IN PIECES THE CHARIOT AND HIS
[Zechariah 10:7] AND THEY OF EPHRAIM SHALL BE LIKE A MIGHTY MAN, AND THEIR
HEART SHALL REJOICE AS THROUGH WINE: YEA, THEIR CHILDREN SHALL SEE IT, AND
BE GLAD; THEIR HEART SHALL REJOICE IN THE LORD.
3. Texas Meeting
From: Judy Snyder <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Brit Am meeting this Sunday Aug 10 at 3pm
There will be a Brit Am meeting this Sunday at my house at 3pm.
I will tell you about my trip to Israel and I have pictures!
We will also discuss the Rally for Israel in Crawford
on August 17 anyone that wants to help make rally signs
are welcome to do so.
Bring poster board, markers and your favorite dairy or parve dish.
For more information call Metro 817 355 6097.
Tehillim 122 ...when our feet stood within thy gates, O Jerusalem; O
Yerushalayim, built as a city that is strong: there the tribes used to go
up...an appointed practice for Yisra'el, to give thanks. For there are set
thrones of the house of David. Shalom, Yudy
4. Question on Cyprus
From: Shirley Ann Whigham <email@example.com>
Subject: Re: "Brit-Am Now"-273
Thank you for the work that you are doing towards the reunification of the two houses.
We have been living in Cyprus for the last year and was surprised that you
included the Island of Cyprus with the Land of Promise.
Could you please explain your reference point as we have never heard this before.
Frank and Shirlianne Whigham
PS If there are any others from the House of Joseph living in Cyprus, we
would like to hear from them.
Answer: Concerning the borders including Cyprus this is admittedly an extreme minority opinion
but one that is probably correct. The opinion says that the western border was the western estuary of the
Nile Delta in the South (opposite Alexandria) and a line northward into southeast Turkey and
encompassing all the Mediterranean Ocean and islands (including Cyprus within that area.
Cyprus was mentioned frequently in our book, "Lost Israelite Identity. The Hebrew Ancestry of Celtic Races", (1996).
WHY WE CONSIDER CYPRUS PART OF ISRAEL
a. Cyprus appears to be within the borders of the Promised Land according to the opinion we consider correct.
b. The Population of Cyprus suffered the same fate as the Canaanites at the time of the Israelite
conquest but so did a lot of neighboring areas including Anatolia and Greece.
Beginning from around 1200 b.c.e. the well developed warlike states of
Mycenean Greece, the powerful empire of Hittite Anatolia, the strong city
states in southern Canaan, every important city in northern Syria and
Cyprus were all completely destroyed. The population of Greece is
conventionally considered to have declined (though the figures given here
have since been contested) by 75% and the cultural unity of the Mycenean
Age came to an end7. Crete suffered a similar fate. There was a population
decline of 75% also in northern Mesopotamia and 25% in the south. It is
conceivable that the cities of Canaan (that were also once again destroyed)
met their end due to a resurge of Israelite conquest. There are grounds to
believe that what happened elsewhere in some of the other areas was also
due to Hebrew initiative or due to Canaanites fleeing from the Israelites
or at least somehow influenced by either one of these factors. Assyria was
attacked by semi-Nomadic "Aramaean" tribes who may likewise have actually been Hebrews.
The Promised Land included all the area up to the Euphrates River and all
along its length reaching far into the north. It also included at the least
the region of Cilicia (southeast Turkey), and most probably the Isle of
Cyprus. At all events all these regions and more were taken by the
Israelites for considerable periods of time even though they did not
succeed in permanently holding them. In the Messianic era (cf. Ezekiel
ch.48) and in the times leading up to it all of these areas and more will be re-gained by
c. The Zekaru and Peleset were defeated in Cyprus, or so the Egyptians
claimed. The Zekaru were part of the so-called Sea-Peopleswho at least in
part were Israelites. We identify the Zekaru as belonging to the Tribe of
Issakar. If this identification is correct we have an Israelite Tribe in Cyprus.
d. Cyprus (i.e. "Caphtor" Isle of the Philistines?) in Assyrian inscriptions was later to be called
"Yadnana" meaning "ISLE OF THE DANANU", i.e. Isle of the Tribe of Dan.
e. The Egyptians counted the Dananu-Danites amongst the Peoples of the
Sea. They connected the Dananu primarily with the areas north of the
Orontes River1 on the north Syrian coast, with Cilicia, and with CYPRUS2,
and according to Ed.Meier also with Crete3.
f. From the 800s b.c.e. a type of pottery called "Samarian" left its remnants all over Cyprus.
Samarian pottery is the same as that known from Samaria capital of the northern kingdom of Israel.
Cyprus at that time has been described as "very largely a Phoenician island"5.
This means that it used a similar cultural base to that of most of the northern Israelite Tribes.
More Phoenician inscriptions have been so far discovered on Cyprus than in Phoenicia itself6.
Phoenicia encompassed Lebanon and the coastal part of Syria.
The northern Israelites of Samaria spoke a dialect of Hebrew
considered closer to that of the Phoenicians than to that of the Judaeans
of the southern kingdom7*8. In many respects the culture of much of
northern Israel was "Phoenician". Alternately, much of what is termed
"Phoenician" may actually be "Israelite".
g. Buildings in the Cypriot capital of Kition and in the city of Enkomi
are of a standard and type equaled only by that of the palace of Omri
(882-871 b.c.e.) in Israelite Samaria9.
h. The physical type of a Cypriot ruler depicted in an Egyptian
illustration is described similarly to that pertinent to Israelites of the
"light red beard, light coloured eye (blue or pink)"..
"Traits characteristic of a certain type of Syro-Palestinian
which one finds [illustrated] in many Theban [Egyptian] tombs" . JEAN
VERCOUTTER,. "L'Egypte et le Monde Egeen Prehellenique (18em et 19em
Dynasties)", Le Caire, 1956. p.219
i.The influence of Israelites is evident in archaeological finds
concerning the Cypriot life style and values.
Cyprus had been known as Yadnana meaning "Isle of the
Dananu" from the Israelite Tribe of Dan. An area corresponding in the
descriptions to Scandinavia had also been called "Keftiu", or "Kaptara"
both meaning Cyprus. Since the Danites were connected with Cyprus of the
Mediterranean they may (on that point alone) also have been on Cyprus of
the Atlantic Ocean meaning in Scandinavia. Dan was exiled and some Danites
may have departed earlier than the others as explained elsewhere.
Scandinavian culture at that time reveals the probable presence of a group
hailing from the same Middle Eastern areas which the Danites had frequented
shortly beforehand. It may be surmised that the Danites (or rather a
portion of them) from the Mediterranean had migrated to Scandinavia.
Irish legends spoke of the Tribe of Dana (Tuatha De
Danaan) who were renowned metallurgists, and scientifically adept. They
arrived from the "northern isles" after some disaster32, the only "northern
isles" as far as Ireland is concerned are those of Scandinavia. The Tribe
of Dana, said the Irish sources had originally come from the region of
Mount Lebanon,33 it had sojourned in Greece34, been enslaved, fought with
the "Phillistines", and then fled north after which it had come to Ireland.
Welsh legends also spoke of the Children of Don who paralleled the Tribe of
Irish legends in effect identify the Children of Dana with the Israelite
Tribe of Dan according to the above conclusions. In effect, they say that
from Scandinavia the Danites had progressed to the British Isles. The Irish
accounts exactly fit what archaeological research has revealed. The Irish
records were transmitted orally for generations then written down centuries
before archaeology confirmed them.
The Dana of Irish (and Welsh) Mythology belonged to the
Israelite Tribe of Dan*35 and maybe testify to an early exodus of that
Tribe from the Middle east area. Indications exist that the Assyrians or
their auxiliaries conquered Scandinavia in about 700 b.c.e. and the Danites
may have reached Scandinavia after that date. Scandinavian Bronze Age
Civilisation ended in about 500 b.c.e. about which time the Dana from
Scandinavia came to Ireland.
Cyprus is identified with Caphtor. It was one of the places the Philistines
came out of.
[Genesis 10:14] AND PATHRUSIM, AND CASLUHIM, (OUT OF WHOM CAME PHILISTIM,)
Cyprus remained a base of the Philistines and the struggle against them
entailed capturing the island. After that the Danites had taken it over.
One version of Scandinavian legend says that their ancestors came from an
island named Asgard. Another version says that they came from the Plain of
Ida and the Don River area in Scythia (Southern Russia). Both versions are
correct and apply to different migrating bodies. The term Asgard however
when applied to their ancestral home evidently should apply most strictly
to the island. Jurgen Spanuth, Atlantis of the North, identifies Cyrpus
He says: (p.211) The name I Kaphtor [Hebrew for Isle of Caphtor] is a
literal translation of holmr Asgard; both mean island of the heavenly
pillar, or literally, island of the top of the pillar, island of the
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