.  The Brit-Am 
 Movement of the Lost Ten Tribes 



Brit-Am Now no. 1406
The Lost Ten Tribes of Israel Movement
3 November 2009, 16 Cheshvan 5770
Contents:
1. The Name America
2. Different Explanations for the name America
Main Source: THE NAMING OF AMERICA: FRAGMENTS WE'VE SHORED AGAINST OURSELVES
by JONATHAN COHEN
3. Notes on the Name Canada
(a) History's mystery: How America and Canada got their names by
Spyridon Moshonas
(b) Canada's name - Name origin: Encyclopedia II - Canada's name - Name origin
(c)
Wikipedia: Other proposed names
4. Canada as the North Land (Jeremiah 3:12, 3:18).
5. Rabbi Kook on the Historically Favorable Effects of Searching for the Lost Ten Tribes.


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1. The Name America
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/8328878.stm
#There's more. The name America, for example, very probably represents not just a tip of the hat to Amerigo Vespucci but also a multilingual pun that can mean both "born new" and "no-place-land" - a playful coinage that seems to have inspired Sir Thomas More to invent his new world across the ocean, one meaning of which was also "no-place": Utopia.#
See:
The notes on "Eretz Acheret"
http://britam.org/Moses/Moses-10.html
[Deuteronomy 29:28] AND THE L-RD ROOTED THEM OUT OF THEIR LAND IN ANGER, AND IN WRATH, AND IN GREAT INDIGNATION, AND CAST THEM INTO ANOTHER LAND, AS IT IS THIS DAY.
#INTO ANOTHER LAND#: In Hebrew is a translation from "Erets Acheret" which the verse says if Israel did not keep the commandments they would be cast out into an "Eretz Acheret", which is translatable from the Hebrew as meaning both ?another land? (Deuteronomy 29;28) and/or a "New World".
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2. Different Explanations for the name America
Main Source:
THE NAMING OF AMERICA: FRAGMENTS WE'VE SHORED AGAINST OURSELVES
by JONATHAN COHEN
http://www.fammed.sunysb.edu/
surgery/america.html#map

Extracts:
Amt meaning "district" plus Eric, to form Amteric, or the Land of (Leif) Eric [i.e. in honor of Leif Ericson Viking Discoverer of America].

Ommerike (oh-MEH-ric-eh), an Old Norse word meaning "farthest outland."
the Gothic Amalric, which, ..means "Kingdom of Heaven."
 ##Further, other discoveries of America have been credited to the Irish who had sailed to a land they called Iargalon, the land beyond the sunset, and to the Phoenicians who purportedly came here before the Norse.##
"The name AMERICA or AMERRIQUE in the Mayan language means, a country of perpetually strong wind, or the Land of the Wind, and sometimes the suffix '-ique' and '-ika' can mean not only wind or air but also a spirit that breathes, life itself."

##The name Amerigo derives from an old Gothic name, Amalrich. In all its forms found in Europe (Greek "Aimulos," Latin "Aemelius") the underlying meaning was that of work. Amalrich, which literally meant work ruler, or designator of tasks, might be freely translated as master workman. Old German forms of the name were Amalrich, Almerich, Emmerich; the Spanish form was Almerigo; in England it was Almerick, or Merica in old families in Yorkshire. It appeared in feminine forms in Amelia and Emily; its masculine forms were Amery, Emeric, and Emery. But as Charlotte Mary Yonge wrote in her History of Christian Names (1884), it was "the Italian form, Amerigo, which was destined to the most noted use ? which should hold fast that most fortuitous title, whence thousands of miles, and millions of men, bear the appellation of the forgotten forefather of a tribe of the Goths ? Amalrich, the work ruler; a curiously appropriate title for the new world of labor and of progress."##

Some Hungarian scholars believe Vespucci was named after Saint Emeric (c. 1000?1031), son of the first king of Hungary. He was known in Latin as Sanctus Americus, after being canonized for his pious life and purity.

 "America" derives from the name of a Bristol-based Welshman, Richard Ameryk, emerged early in the 20th century.

See also:
History's mystery: How America and Canada got their names
http://www.helium.com/items/428976-historys-mystery-how-america-and-canada-got-their-names
by Spyridon Moshonas

Arthur William Whatmore, "Insulae Brittanica", Great Britain, 1913, suggested that the term America derived from the Viking Markland
meaning Land of the Dark.

Brit-Am Note:
Brit-Am accepts the most commonly held (and moist historically sound) account that America received its name in honor of Amerigo Vespucci.
We also hold (contrary to others) that the name Americo derives from an Early  Medieval Latinized form of the Hebrew name "Ha-Macheri".
Our source for this claim is derived from documentary evidence quoted by
Arthur J. ZUCKERMAN "A Jewish Princedom in Feudal France, 768-900", New York, 1972.  Zuckerman p.131 n.38 "Aimerico", and "Aimericus".
Zuckerman describes how Machir ("Aimericus") became a legend whose name was celebrated in the ballads of Southern France and neighboring regions.
See:
MACHIR AND AMERICA
http://britam.org/america.html
###################################################
3. Notes on the Name Canada

(a) History's mystery: How America and Canada got their names
http://www.helium.com/items/428976-historys
-mystery-how-america-and-canada-got-their-names

by
Spyridon Moshonas
Extracts:
The story behind the name "Canada" on the other hand is equally mysterious, but it involves only a handful of theories.

The most widely accepted one is that it derives from "Kanata" which is believed to be an Iroquoian word that means village or settlement. Apparently when the French met the Iroquoians on the St. Lawrence River, they believed that was what the Indians meant when they were pointing to the shore. It should be noted, however, that the French and Iroquoians were never good at communicating with each other, and eventually became bitter enemies.

An interesting theory is that the name "Canada" was coined by Spanish looking for gold on the shores of North America. Unable and apparently peeved that they wasted their time looking for something that wasn't there, the Spanish showed their contempt for this region by naming it "acanada" which means "there is nothing here".

It was not at all unusual for cartographers to make mistakes such as missing a letter. Eventually, proponents of this theory say, one letter was dropped and the word "Canada" was born.

What's intriguing about this theory is that this is not the only name the Spanish had come up for Canada. On some of their maps, they also named it "Capa di Nada" which means "Cape Nothing". Again, that name also reflected the attitude that if an area had no gold lying on the beach as they were passing by, it was not worth a glorious name. And once again, if a cartographer lost four consecutive letters, the word "Canada" appears.

Others point to a place in India as the source of the name "Canada". They say that the name derives from an Indian region called Kanara, but they fail to establish a credible connection between India and North America.

(b) Canada's name - Name origin: Encyclopedia II - Canada's name - Name origin
http://www.experiencefestival.com/a/canada's%
20name%20-%20name%20origin/id/622020

The name Canada is believed to have originated around 1535 from a Wendat (Huron-Iroquoian) word, kanata, meaning "village", "settlement", or "collection of huts"[1], referring to Stadacona, a settlement on the site of present-day Quebec City; another contemporary translation was "land"[2].

http://www.experiencefestival.com/a/
canada's%20name%20-%20name%20origin/id/622020

While the provinces' delegates spent little time, if any, in settling on 'Canada' as the name for the new country, others proposed a variety of other names[11]: Albion Albionoria - "Albion of the north" Borealia from 'borealis', the Latin word for 'northern'; compare with Australia Cabotia, in honour of Italian explorer John Cabot, who explored the eastern coast of Canada for England

(c) Wikipedia: Other proposed names
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Name_of_Canada
While the provinces' delegates spent little time, if any, in settling on 'Canada' as the name for the new country, others proposed a variety of other names:[13][14]
Albion
Albionoria- "Albion of the north"
Borealia - from 'borealis', the Latin word for 'northern'; compare with Australia
Cabotia - in honour of Italian explorer John Cabot, who explored the eastern coast of Canada for England
Colonia
Efisga -an acronym of "English, French, Irish, Scottish, German, Aboriginal"
Hochelaga  an old name for Montreal
Laurentia
Mesopelagia "land between the seas"
Norland
Superior
Tuponia- derived from 'The United Provinces of North America'
Transatlantica
Ursalia- "place of bears"
Vesperia- "land of the evening star"
Victorialand - in honour of Queen Victoria
###################################################
4. Canada as the North Land
One of the major places in which the Lost Ten Tribes are to be found is the Land of the North

The Lost Ten Tribes
IN THE NORTH
http://www.britam.org/Proof/geo/geoNorth.html
[Jeremiah 3:12]
"GO AND PROCLAIM THESE WORDS TOWARD THE NORTH, AND SAY, RETURN, THOU BACKSLIDING ISRAEL, SAITH THE LORD; AND I WILL NOT CAUSE MINE ANGER TO FALL UPON YOU: FOR I AM MERCIFUL, SAITH THE LORD, AND I WILL NOT KEEP ANGER FOR EVER".

[Jeremiah 3:18]
" IN THOSE DAYS THE HOUSE OF JUDAH SHALL WALK WITH THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL, AND THEY SHALL COME TOGETHER OUT OF THE LAND OF THE NORTH TO THE LAND THAT I HAVE GIVEN FOR AN INHERITANCE UNTO YOUR FATHERS".

We see from the above notes that when Canada was given its name, other alternatives were considered.
Among the names that it was proposed for Canada were
Borealia from 'borealis', the Latin word for 'northern'; compared with Australia (Meaning South Land)
and 
Norland.
Both Borealia and Norland connote Land of the North.
###################################################
5. Rabbi Kook on the Historically Favorable Effects of Searching for the Lost Ten Tribes.
Background:
We have quoted from Rabbi Kook in the past.
See:
The Purpose of the Exile
http://britam.org/tape3.html
The Yearning of Ephraim For Redemption
http://britam.org/kook8.html

Rabbi Kook was in effect the Chief Rabbi of the Jewish community in Palestine under the Turks and then after World War 1 and the Balfour Declaration under the British. The Balfour Declaration (1917) said that the British viewed with favor the establishment of a Jewish State in the Land of Israel and would work towards it. This was followed by the British Mandate (licensed control) over Palestine and the foundation for the later State of Israel.
Rabbi Kook seems to attribute the Balfour Declaration and the favorable events after it as emanating from the return of the Jews to Britain. This was due in part to Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel (1604-1657) who interceded with Oliver Cromwell and other English dignitaries. Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel  linked this activity of his to a search for the Lost Ten Tribes whom he thought were to be found amongst the Amerindians and other peoples some of whom (it was then believed, e.g. the Scythians) were ancestral to the British.

Rabbi Avraham HaCohen Kook:
## It is Wondrous and awesome in our eyes to consider [the effects of] the arousal of a pure spirit in the heart of the Great Sages of Israel from Ancient Times to the Present Day (and we too saw the wonder of it) of the concept of Finding the Lost Ten Tribes. The urge to find the Lost Ten Tribes struck a deep root in the heart of that great man, Rabbi Menasseh ben Yisrael. It came to pass that [it resulted in] the return of our brothers [the Jews] to Britain. Due to this we, in our own time, are viewing an aspect of the Growth of Future Redemption. This is taking place after the great events of the [First World] War and the British [Balfour] Declaration concerning our National Home. All this is certainly the doing of Divine Providence. In the end it will be revealed and apparent that through these causes will come the Redemption of the Whole community bringing us closer  to our Final Salvation, with the Help of God. ##

Introduction to the book,
"
Kol HaTor" by Rabbi Horowitz.
Free Translation by
Yair Davidiy.
Source:
Wikipedia Hebrew: Eseret HaShevatim
http://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%A2%D7%A9%D7%
A8%D7%AA_%D7%94%D7%A9%D7%91%D7%98%D7%99%D7%9D






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