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I am not sure that the idea that P-Celtic was widespread in Ireland is still thought likely. I think that was an O'Rahilly and McNeill thing but that was a long time ago and I am not aware that linguists still support it. I would be interested to know if any new evidence of this has emerged.
However, I believe that the contacts shown by material cultures indicate elite spheres of interaction and this might be reflected by the spread of dialects. I think it is entirely possible that the La Tene culture that is known mainly north of the Galway-Dublin line (but with some stray finds as far south as Cork etc) indicated a reemergence of contacts (after 300+ years of isolation of an essentially Bronze Age population) with Britain and Gaul. I believe these were probably the people called Cruithin, a word that means 'people of designs' (which is exactly how people bringing La Tene art may have seemed) or implies some sort of British contact/identity (which is also how they might have appeared) or both. However, it is possible they may not even have been immigrants but rather locals who adopted the main west European warrior culture of the time for prestige reasons.
People tend to think of them as Ulster based but I think there are records of them dominating in Connaght and places like Laois and there is an uncanny correlation between La Tene finds and where the Cruithin are meant to have been before they were overtoppled by Connachta etc. That is certainly what the finds indicate. It is possible that P-Celtic was briefly known among the elite of the northern two-thirds of Ireland for a while but maybe the contacts were too weak to shake the older dialect. I believe that the pre-La Tene Irish were essentially Bronze Age origin peoples and that Q-Celtic was the language of Ireland in the Bronze Age.
What happened in Ireland was that the La Tene peoples were eventually over-toppled by resurgent old Bronze Age Q-Celtic peoples in the early centuries AD or perhaps there was a civil uprising that toppled them like the revolt of the Aithech Tuatha in Irish legends. This changed the elites again and perhaps the La Tene elites had either gone native anyway and were speaking Q-Celtic. Their La Tene material does quickly take on a very local character and looks relatively weak and 'gone native'. Whatever happened, I think old Bronze Age peoples overtoppled the La Tene element.
So the prevalence of Q-Celtic in Ireland was down to the maintenance of an archaic late Bronze Age form of Celtic. This was down to 300 years of cultural isolation c. 600BC-300BC followed by a rather weak La Tene phase which was weak and may have not been strong enough to alter the locals old Q-Celtic dialect.
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