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Question: Were Many Early Russian Communists Jewish?
(1 Russian Jewish Communists in general
(2 Jews in Russia
(3 The Russian Revolution
(4 How Many Communist Jews were there?
(5 Anti-Semites in Poland
(1 Russian Jewish Communists in general
For a short period many of the most active Communists were Jewish
but they were not the chief leaders, they were not representative of
the Jewish Community, they were not as "bad" as their Gentile counterparts,
and their prominence did not last long. Basically they were stooges.
#4. Questions on Specific Names and Early Jewish Communists.
(2 Jews in Russia
History of the Jews in Russia and the Soviet Union
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
<<Tradition places Jews in southern Russia, Ukraine, Armenia, and Georgia since before the days of the First Temple, and records exist from the 4th century showing that there were Armenian cities possessing Jewish populations ranging from 10,000 to 30,000 along with substantial Jewish settlements in the Crimea. >>
The Jewish Khazar kingdom was overthrown in 969.
<<In the 1480s the principality of Muscovy became the religious equivalent of the Caliphate or Holy Roman Empire. Based on the theory of the Third Rome, it was believed that the Tsar ruled the only rightful, practically independent Orthodox state, surrounded by Muslim and Roman Catholic infidels. According to prophecy, there were to be only three Romes, that is, centers of rightful religious faith. The first two, ancient Rome and Constantinople, have already fallen, leaving the only hope on earth with Moscow. >>
Various movements of "Judaizers" surfaced from time to time in Russia
and were suppressed.
Jews were largely kept out of Russia until 1793-1795 when Russia took over much of Poland
which had a large Jewish population.
After that Jews were supposed to remain in the
"Pale of Settlement that included Poland and Crimea".
In the period 1827-55 Jewish boys from the age of 12 (sometimes younger, e.g. 8) were placed in military schools
until the age of 18 when they had to serve in the army for another 25 years like all other
Russian conscripts. 30,000 to 70,000 Jewish boys effectively disappeared.
<<A large-scale wave of anti-Jewish pogroms swept southern Russia in 1881, after Jews were wrongly blamed for the assassination of Alexander II. In the 1881 outbreak, there were pogroms in 166 Russian towns, thousands of Jewish homes were destroyed, many families reduced to extremes of poverty; women sexually assaulted, and large numbers of men, women, and children killed or injured. The new czar, Alexander III, blamed the Jews for the riots and on May 15, 1882 introduced the so-called Temporary Regulations (" ") that stayed in effect for more than thirty years and came to be known as the May Laws.>>
<<The procurator-general of the Holy Synod and the tsar's mentor, friend, and adviser Konstantin Pobedonostsev was reported as saying that one-third of Russia's Jews was expected to emigrate, one-third to accept baptism, and one-third to starve.>>
Pogroms (usually encouraged by the government) were a frequent feature of life for Jews in Russia.
<<Even more pogroms accompanied the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the ensuing Russian Civil War, when an estimated 70,000 to 250,000 civilian Jews were killed in atrocities throughout the former Russian Empire; the number of Jewish orphans exceeded 300,000. In his book 200 Years Together, Alexander Solzhenitsyn provides the following numbers from Nahum Gergel's 1951 study of the pogroms in the Ukraine during 1917-1918: out of estimated 887 mass pogroms, about 40% were perpetrated by the Ukrainian forces led by Symon Petliura, 25% by the Green Army and various nationalist and anarchist gangs, 17% by the White Army, especially forces of Anton Denikin, and 8.5% by the Red Army.>>
After the Communists came to power they persecuted the Jewish Religion.
(3 The Russian Revolution
<<In one 1904 survey, it was found that an average of sixteen people shared each apartment in St Petersburg, with six people per room. There was also no running water, and piles of human waste were a threat to the health of the workers. The poor conditions only aggravated the situation, with the number of strikes and incidents of public disorder rapidly increasing in the years shortly before World War I.>>
Under the Ysar Russia was ruled by aristocrats, by sinister types like Rasputin,
by the Secret Police, and by hordes of marauding peasants such as the "Black Hundreds".
In 1904-05 Russia had been defeated by Japan and was still suffering the effects in
1914 when it entered the First World War.
In 1905 a revolt had taken place and failed. The Tsar had promised more democratic measures
but instead became more autocratic.
In 1917 Russia was waging war against Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Many officers were killed and replaced with peasants.
The carnage was terrible and parts of the country stricken by famine.
In March 1917 the Tsar was forced to abdicate.
A Provisional Government was formed headed by
Kerensky was undermined by reactionaries and the right wing.
He was also opposed by the Communists and others.
The Communists were comprised of Mensheviks and Bolsheviks.
Jewish Communists were mostly "Mensheviks" but it was the "Bolsheviks"
to took over.
Kerensky tried to keep Russia in the war but suffered defeats.
The Germans wanted to take Russia out of the war so they sent Lenin (from exile in Switzerland)
in an armoured car and a box full of gold into Russia.
Vladimir Lenin was assisted by Trotsky who was Jewish.
In October 1917 the Bolsheviks led by Lenin came to power.
The Bolsheviks suppressed numerous other groups including socialists and anarchists.
The Russian Civil War broke out in 1918 between the Red Army ("Reds"),
<<consisting of radical communists and revolutionaries, and the "Whites" - the monarchists, conservatives, liberals and moderate socialists who opposed the drastic restructuring championed by the Bolsheviks. The Whites had backing from nations such as the UK, France, USA and Japan.>>
Foreign Governments sent forces into Russia to assist the "Whites"
but they were defeated. Ethnic groups such as the Ukrainians also participated in the struggle usually
on the side of the 'Whites".
"White" armies frequently conducted pogroms against Jews tens of thousands of whom were murdered,
The "Reds" were victorious partly due to the leadership of Leon Trotsky.
In 1921 the Royal family was executed.
By 1922 the Russian Civil War was over.
Remnants of the White forces fled to the west where they often encouraged anti-Semitic movements
and propaganda as well as fueling plots to overthrow the Communist regime.
In 1924 Lenin died, Josef Stalin took over. Trotsky fled to Mexico where he was hunted
down by the agents of Stalin and murdered.
Stalin was born in Georgia but his father was Ossetian.
(4 How Many Communist Jews were there?
From: american1627 <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: [shieldofdavid] Truth & Facts: Mostly NON Jewish Communism in NON
Jewish J. Stalin's Crimes!!!
Truth & Facts: Mostly NON Jewish Communism in NON Jewish J. Stalin's Crimes!!!
The Truth & Facts about mostly NON Jewish Communism in Non-Jewish J. Stalin's Crimes
Jews vs Communism
A few points.
Most Communists were Non Jews but rather white Christians by origin.
Communists and Zionists are a contradiction.
Communists and Religious Jews are a complete contradiction.
The Minority among Communists that included Jews were against Stalin's crimes.
Stalin was educated as devout Christian and in a strong Christian environment.
The few that had supported the communist ideology were mainly before it became corrupted and violent, thus no connection between communists (Christians & Jews) ideologists and the violence, but rather Stalinists who were by the most part also anti any religion, Christian or Jews.
http://www.amazon.com/Stalin-Against-Jews-Arkady-Vaksberg/dp/0679422072Stalin against the Jews, Supported by newly declassified archival material, Russian journalist Vaksberg's expose documents Stalin's relentless, fanatical anti-Semitism. The Soviet dictator purged thousands of Jews from their political or professional posts and sent them to concentration camps or execution pits, liquidated nearly all Jewish army officers, persecuted prominent Jews in show trials with anti-Semitic overtones and herded several thousand Jewish families to a barren Far Eastern wasteland in what was supposed to become an exclusively Jewish territory. Meanwhile, as camouflage, he surrounded himself with Jewish aides, appointed Jews as the commanders of gulags and kept his loyal comrade Lazar Kaganovich as the only Jew in the Politburo. Moscow-based Vaksberg ( The Soviet Mafia ) also documents the revival of state-sanctioned anti-Semitism under Krushchev and Brezhnev and the hate-mongering of contemporary ultranationalist groups.
http://robertlindsay.blogspot.com/2006/03/on-evils-of-american-multiculti-by.htmlI have long disagreed on this blog with the anti-Semitic notion of Soviet Communism as a Jewish, anti-Christian conspiracy and am getting tired of refuting it. It's ultimately a creation of the anti-Communist Eastern Orthodox Church, who was in bed with the Czars, lords and nobles for centuries.
During this time the Church presided over and cheered on the slaughter of countless millions of Eastern Orthodox Christian serfs and peasants. Soviet Communism, which doubled life expectancy and reduced the death rate by 75% for Orthodox Christians from 1913-1956, was the best thing that had ever happened to Orthodox Christian serfs and peasants.
Sure, the Soviets were hostile to the Orthodox church - because the church had been in bed with the feudal enemy for centuries and opposed the revolution, choosing to side with the feudalist, Monarchist Whites in the Russian Civil War. Furthermore, Joseph Stalin was a Georgian, not a Jew, with roots in Orthodox Christian culture.
The Trotskyites felt Stalin was an anti-Semite and the Stalinist terror of the 1930's disproportionately targeted Jews, which is strange if Stalinism was a Jewish plot.
Considering that 99% of Russians had Orthodox Christian roots, it is obvious, tautological and meaningless that Stalinism's victims also had Christian roots. Here is a quote that shows that in 1917, the vast majority (97-98%) of Bolsheviks had Christian, not Jewish, roots: Such statistics as are available show that only a small percentage of the Jews are followers of Lenin. In the autumn of 1917 the Bolshevists published a statistical analysis of the constituents of the Soviets, showing that the Bolshevists were more largely composed of pure Russian elements than the Menshevists, who are anti-Bolshevists. In December 1918, the Jews formed only 2.6 per cent of the 121,071 organized Bolshevists in Petrograd.I also disagree that Soviet Communism was deadly. What was deadly was Russian feudalism, which killed 4 times as many Russians per capita, year in and year out, as Soviet Communism. Communism reduced the death rate in Russia by 75%. How can such a system be considered "deadly"?
Stalin's Purges and Forced Famine [1932-1938]
Estimated Death Toll: Approx. 100-200,000 Jews; 5 million Ukrainians killed 1932-33, 14-15 million Soviet peasants 1930-37, and at least 3 million "enemies of the people" 1937-38.
During Joseph Stalin's reign of terror in Russia and the Soviet Republics his regime killed or starved an estimated 15 million peasants, 5 million Ukrainians, 200,000 Jews; and as many as 3 million enemies of the state. Stalin used mass annihilation as a tactic to control dissent, force cooperation with state policies and to unify an incredibly diverse population people by targeting specific scapegoat groups.
Soviet Jews were killed as scapegoats, Ukrainian peasants were killed as part of Stalin's collectivization pogrom and political opponents and intellectuals were killed as enemies of the state. The combined tragedy of the Soviet's political genocide exceeds even the scope of the Nazi Holocaust.
Today's revolts in Chechnya, Georgia and other former republics of the U.S.S.R., have deep roots in the atrocities of the Stalin era.
Telling the story of some of Stalin's Jewish victims. You can see them at www.jewishworldreview.com community events and Holocaust commemorations ...http://www.jewishworldreview.com/cols/tobin071502.asp
5. Anti-Semites in Poland
http://www.kimel.net/jewpol.html How Anti Semites in Poland developed a myth to blame the Jews for Communists, even though most were.... Christians!
During WWII, the Polish government in exile made an agreement with Stalin, to organize a Polish Army in exile, based on the mobilization of Polish citizens residing in Russia. General Anders, who performed this task, accepted only a token number of Jews to the Polish forces. As a result, Stalin was left with an extensive pool of Polish speaking Jews, that he extensively used later in the process of subjugation and communization of Poland. On the other hand, Stalin had no problem using Russians with Polish sounding names like Rokossovsky, Bierut or even Poles like Jaruzelski, for the same purpose. And so was another myth developed, the Jews were blamed again for Stalin's subjugation of Poland. This myth is still reverberating through the acrimonious discussions on the Internet. Before the war, about 3.5 million Jews lived in Poland. Today, there in Poland no more than 15,000 Jews, out of a population of 38 millions. Although, small in numbers the Jews are noticed in Poland. Their presence is felt in the press, during the elections opponents accuse each other of Jewish origin. Somehow, one has an impression that the Poles feel that they are victimized by . . . the Jews. For example, a taxi driver told me that "All the banks in Poland are owned by Jews. The Jews control everything."
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