1.Gomer as Israel
We have seen (Hosea ch. 1 and Hosea ch.2) how the union of Hosea and Gomer is used as a prototype for the
relationship between the Almighty and the Ten Tribes in their Period of exile.
The identification of Israel in Exile with Gomer was commented upon by
Rabbi Yisrael Alter ("Beis Yisroel", 1895 - 1977), the Rabbi of Gur!
# Then Joseph took an oath from the
children of Israel, saying, 'God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up
my bones from here' (Genesis 50:25)#. ..[The Hebrew word for "bones" has a double meaning connoting "self" i.e.
You shall carry up something of myself with you]. So we learn ...
that they were told to take his essence with them. ..This is the quality of Jacob and
Joseph and the other Tribes ... The bones [essence] of the other Tribal Ancestors [in addition to
Joseph] were also taken up [from Egypt at the time of Exodus]. Their Power
remains with the Children of Israel throughout their Exile... This is why the
Children of Israel are called
GOMRIM [i.e. from
Gomerites, also connoting
"Completers"]... This is the point concerning all Redemption of the Children of
Israel from all their Places of Exile, that they will be called
is a Name of Israelites!
We also learned that there was a group of non-Israelite peoples named Gomer with
whom the Israelite Exiles confederated or amalgamated. Conventionally these are
identified as the Cimmerians and Scythians both of whom were referred to by the
Assyrians as Gimirri.
Hosea had taken Gomer to wife and his relationship became a metaphor for that of
the Almighty and Israel.
We find other passages elsewhere in the Bible where God is likened unto a
husband to Israel.
In Isaiah 54:4 the Almighty depicts HIMSELF as a Husband to Israel. According to the context
in this case he is referring primarily to Judah at the time of their Exile and Future Redemption.
In Jeremiah 3:1 the Almighty says that Israel is like a promiscuous woman who has been divorced but later (against accepted practice)
is to be taken back again by her husband. God is that husband. The specific case here concerns the Ten Tribes in their early stages of Exile.
A chance was given them to return and some of them took it but it did not last. The historical events surrounding this matter help prove that the Ten Tribes became affiliated and identified with the Cimmerians and Scythians.
In Jeremiah 31:32 it is predicted that a New Covenant will be made with Israel. It will not be like the former Covenant that the Israelites did not keep
even though the Almighty was married to them.
The whole chapter of Jeremiah 31 contains several important points that prove the Lost Ten Tribes in the End Times will be found amongst Western Peoples especially those of British descent
and their associates.
2. (a) Isaiah 54 : As Husband to Judah.
Isaiah 54:4 Do not be afraid; you will
not suffer shame. Do not fear disgrace; you will not be humiliated. You will
forget the shame of your youth and remember no more the reproach of your
widowhood. (5) For your Maker is your husband, the LORD Almighty is his name,
the Holy One of Israel is your Redeemer; he is called the God of all the earth.
(6) The LORD will call you back as if you were a wife deserted and distressed in
spirit, a wife who married young, only to be rejected,' says your God. (7) 'For
a brief moment I abandoned you, but with deep compassion I will bring you back.'
Isaiah ch.54 may be applied to all of Israel in a general sense. A close
analysis of the passage however shows Isaiah 54 to emanate from Isaiah 53 which
applies more specifically to Judah. In Isaiah 52 and 53 Judah is represented by
the suffering servant who will have suffered in exile and been despised by the
heathen. In the end times his righteousness will be acknowledged and the
Almighty will comfort him.
8 With a little wrath I hid My face from you for a moment; But with everlasting
kindness I will have mercy on you,' Says the LORD, your Redeemer.
9 ' For this is like the waters of Noah to Me; For as I have sworn That the
waters of Noah would no longer cover the earth,
So have I sworn That I would not be angry with you, nor rebuke you.
10 For the mountains shall depart And the hills be removed, But My kindness
shall not depart from you, Nor shall My covenant of peace be removed,' Says the
LORD, who has mercy on you.
3 As husband to the whole House of Israel and the Scythian Re-Union with Judah.
Jeremiah chapter 3 refers to God as a husband to the whole House of Israel and
then to both Judah and Israel as separate entities:
Jeremiah 3:1 'If a man divorces his wife
and she leaves him and marries another man, should he return to her again' Would
not the land be completely defiled' But you have lived as a prostitute with many
lovers ' would you now return to me'' declares the LORD.
All Israel is likened to a wife who has betrayed her husband with other men.
Legally a woman who commits adultery must be divorced and the husband cannot
return her (Deuteronomy 24:1).
Israel has been a harlot with many lovers yet God asks her to return to HIM
In the time of Josiah son of Amon King of Judah the Almighty called to Jeremiah
to compare the deeds of Judah to those of Israel (Jeremiah 3:6).
7 And I said, after she had done all these things, 'Return to Me.' But she did
not return. And her treacherous sister Judah saw it. 8 Then I saw that for all
the causes for which backsliding Israel had committed adultery, I had put her
away and given her a certificate of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah
did not fear, but went and played the harlot also.
The northern Tribes of Israel had committed adultery. The Almighty had divorced
Judah had imitated the idolatrous practices of the northern Tribes. The Almighty
had reproved Judah and led by King Josiah the Land was purified of idolatry and
the people repented (2-Kings 22-23). Jeremiah is told that the contrition of
Judah is insincere. In 2-Kings 22:8 we are told how a Torah Scroll written by
Moses was found in the Temple .
It was open to the passage warning of exile of the King and nation as punishment
for idolatry (Deuteronomy 28:36). King Josiah understood that this occurrence
forbode ill for Judah. A delegation was sent to the Prophetess Hulda who
confirmed the negative prognosis. Due to the sins of Judah and its monarchs
especially in the time of king Menasseh grandfather of Josiah the punishment of
exile had been decreed against Judah. Since however Josiah himself had been
righteous the disaster would be diverted to the next generation (2-Chronicles
Putting off the punishment was by virtue of King Josiah rather than that of his
people. Jeremiah is told that the repentance of Judah was in "pretence"
(Jeremiah 3:9). The Bible tells us how King Josiah had cleaned out the Temple
and purified it of idolatry. He had also attempted to extirpate idolatry from
the Land. The Sages describe how the people of Judah had pretended to go along
with the reforms of Josiah but in secret had continued their idolatry.
Josiah reigned over Judah after the overwhelming majority of the inhabitants of
the former Kingdom of Israel had been taken into exile by the Assyrians. The
Assyrians had also established their suzerainty over Judah and were a factor in
the increasing idolatry of Judah. King Josiah threw off the yoke of Assyria,
destroyed Assyrian idols (symbols of domination), and restored the Temple
worship of the Almighty. He also went through all the former domain of the Ten
Tribes obliterating idols from the ruined cities and slaughtering pagan priests
(wherever Israelite or not ) wherever he found them (2-Kings 23).
The message to Jeremiah came during the reign of Josiah. The Almighty tells
Jeremiah that 'Backsliding Israel has shown herself more righteous than
treacherous Judah" (Jeremiah 3:9).
The Ten Tribes in their places of Exile (as explained in detail elsewhere) had
become prominent in the Assyrian military complex.
A significant proportion of the manpower and officers of the Assyrian Army had
come to consist of foreigners whom the Assyrians had exiled and re-settled.
Former inhabitants of Israel were amongst them. The exiled Israelites had been
settled in regions dominated by the Children of Gomer. These were the Cimmerians
and their Scythian and Gothic (Guti) offshoots in Media. Elements from Gomer
(identified as Scythians) had managed to take control of the Assyrian Empire.
They were to dominate it for about 28 years. This also explains the facility
with which Josiah dispensed with Assyrian rulership.
The Scythians made contact with Judah. A reconciliation was to be attempted. The
Northern Israelites at this stage may have genuinely wanted to return. This
explains why God describes them as more righteous than Judah.
Jeremiah was informed that,
'Backsliding Israel has shown herself
more righteous than treacherous Judah" (Jeremiah 3:9).
The expression "has shown herself more righteous" in Hebrew is "tsadkah
nafshah" which connotes emotional need or response.
"Nefesh" means "life-force, heart, soul" and it was the "nafshah" that showed
itself as more righteous.
Jeremiah is told to go unto the Northern Tribes and bring them back.
12 Go and proclaim these words toward the north, and say:
' Return, backsliding Israel,' says the LORD; ' I will not cause My anger to
fall on you. For I am merciful,' says the LORD;
' I will not remain angry forever.13 Only acknowledge your iniquity, That you
have transgressed against the LORD your God,
And have scattered your charms To alien deities under every green tree, And
you have not obeyed My voice,' says the LORD.
14 'Return, O backsliding children,' says the LORD; 'for I am married to you. I
will take you, one from a city and two from a family, and I will bring you to
Zion. 15 And I will give you shepherds according to My heart, who will feed you
with knowledge and understanding.
Here the Almighty describes Himself as married to Israel meaning in this context
the Ten Tribes.
The Scythians established a center at Beth-Shean in the former territory of
Manasseh. Beth-Shean seems to have served as their de facto headquarters in the
period when they ruled over the Assyrian Empire. Scythian presence throughout
the former territory of Israel during this time is attested to be archaeological
remains. Since Josiah was passing through this region and purifying it off
idolatry their must have been some interaction between himself and the
Scythians. In fact, the Scythians seem to have acknowledged Josiah as King over
them. A stele has been found in Beth-Shean declaring the authority of King
Josiah! [Source: M. Avi Yonah, "The Beth Shean Valley" (Hebrew) 1962 in "The
17th Archaeological Convention. I.E.S."]
Talmudic and Rabbinical sources say that Jeremiah went to bring the Ten Tribes
back. A few returned. King Josiah ruled over them. When Josiah was killed most
of the northern Israelite returnees went back to their places of exile. This
could also explain the declaration to Jeremiah that the Almighty would take from
the northern Israelites "one from a city and two from a family" and bring them
to Zion (Jeremiah 3:14).
This is what happened.
The Cimmerian-Scythians had reclaimed their independence from the Assyrians and
began to attack them. They had also split up into different groups. The
"Scythian" section (or one of them) came to terms with Assyria. These Scythians
helped defeat the others and drive some of them out. After that they either
ruled over the Assyrian Empire or at the least they became a dominant factor
while the Empire was in a state of anarchy.
Under Assurbanipal the Assyrians managed to re-assert themselves.
Meanwhile the Medes, Babylonians, different sections of the Cimmerians, and
others were in active revolt.
They besieged Assyria in her cities. The Egyptians under Pharoah Necho sent an
army north to assist Assyria. King Josiah of Judah attempted to stop them but
was defeated and killed at Megiddo in the territory of Manasseh. Upon the death
of Josiah the presence of Scythians in the former lands of Israel ceased. King
Josiah had attempted to set up colonies in Philistia in the south as well as in
the former lands of Israel in the north. This overlapped Scythian presence. The
Greek historian Herodotus also records a campaign of the Scythians against the
Philistine city of Ashkelon and against Egypt.
After defeating Josiah, Pharoah Necho continued northward to be defeated by the
Babylonians at Harran in Northern Syria.
A group of Scythians came to the aid of Assyria but were persuaded to change
sides and join the Medes and Babylonians.
Nineveh and the other cities of Assyria were destroyed. One understanding of the
inscriptions describing these events has the Scythians playing the main role in
the destruction of Assyria.
Greek accounts tell us that the Medes got the Scythian leadership drunk at a
celebratory banquet and then massacred them.
After that the Medes and Babylonians divided the Assyrian Empire between them.
They progressively drove the Cimmerians and Scythians out of the Middle East
Later the Babylonians conquered Media and then Judah and exiled the Jews to
The Persians rebelled against the Medes, conquered Babylon, and allowed the Jews
to return and rebuild the Temple.
The Ten Tribes had mostly moved onwards and were no longer a factor in the
Micah chapter 5 describes the Ten Tribes as being exiled, becoming shepherds or
protectors of the Assyrians, and later progressing to destroy the Assyrian
cities as revenge for the destruction of Samaria.
In other words Micah describes the Israelites as having played the same role
secular historical sources attribute to the Scythians.
Amongst the Scythians we find private names, tribal names, legends, Hebraic
customs, specific styles of artistic craftsmanship, and other indications of
Israelite ancestry, at least in part.
In continuation the Cimmerians and Scythians split up into different groups.
Some went to the west almost immediately. Others went to the north and east and
then returned westward. Ultimately they all converged on Western Europe. A study
of these different peoples throughout their sojourning and peregrinations
continues to provide evidence of Israelite origins or at the least of a
significant Israelite component amongst them.
Many peoples of West European origin derive from these peoples and therefore
before that from Israel.
Jeremiah chapter 3 after describing or predicating events that took place during
the time of King Josiah then moves on to a scenario that will transpire in the
Messianic Era. This is the way of Scripture.
The Prophets pictured the distant future by taking an events from their own
experience or time period and use it as a prototype for what will occur in the
Israelites will greatly increase in the Land (3:16); Jerusalem shall be called
The Throne of the LORD (3:17); Emissaries from Judah will go tot he Lost Tribes
to bring them back.
[Jeremiah 3:18] 'In those days the house
of Judah shall walk with [go unto] the house of Israel, and they shall come
together out of the land of the north to the land that I have given as an
inheritance to your fathers.
The rest of Jeremiah chapter 3 describes the feelings of shame and remorse the
Israelites will experience and the call of the Almighty exhorting them to
4.(c) Jeremiah chapter 31: Identification
Ch.31: The Almighty will be reconciled with Israel (Jeremiah 31:1). The Lost
Tribes who will be "Notsrim" or Christians will return (31:6). Ephraim is still
the firstborn (31:9). The North Country, coasts of the earth, and "Isles afar
off", are all linked with the Ephraim and the Chosen People (31:10).
'North Country' and 'Coasts of the Earth' regarding the Latter Day Era of our
own time refers to North America, Western Europe, Australia, New Zealand, South
Africa, and like places. Even in the time of Jeremiah these expressions could
refer to areas in Northern Europe. A related expression connected with the Lost
Ten Tribes is 'ends of the earth' (Genesis 33;13, Isaiah 41;8,9,13). This
expression too in ancient times could relate to northern regions:
# In innumerable places Egyptian,
Hebrew, Babylonian, Greek, and Latin writings refer to the most northerly lands
as 'the ends of the earth' # (Jurgen
'The Egyptians saw the world as divided into nine bows which correspond roughly
to the modern concept of meridians of latitude'. Pliny the Elder said that the
ninth division of the world goes 'across the Hyperboreans' (i.e. the Cimbrian
peninsula present-day Jutland [in Denmark]).. 'with a seventeen hour day' (at
its longest). F.A. Ukert pointed out long ago that this method of dividing the
world was taken from the Egyptians and that the 'ninth bow' corresponds to the
area between latitudes 52 and 57'Between these latitudes lie north Germany,
Denmark, and southern Scandinavia' (Jurgen Spanuth, "Atlantis of the North",
16 Thus says the LORD:
Refrain your voice from weeping, And your eyes from tears; For your work shall
be rewarded, says the LORD,
And they shall come back from the land of the enemy.
There is hope in your future, says the LORD, That
children shall come back to their own border.
on Jeremiah 31:17: There is hope
in your future: There is hope for
the Last Days, in the End Time. That
children shall come back to their own border:
Meaning that even though the Lost Ten Tribes who were exiled will not return
themselves, their descendants in the End Time will return to their boundary.
Here it does not say they will return from
THE LAND OF THE ENEMY
[as it does for Judah in Jeremiah 31:16 above] for the Ten Tribes are not in the
Land of the enemy but they dwell alone in a land faraway from their boundary.
They will return at the last to their border.
Ephraim is the "AEGEL" [also pronounced as "Angle"] or bull-calf of the Almighty
(31:18). The path of "megalithic" monuments (dolmens, etc) should be used to
prove the Israelite Origins of the Lost Ten Tribes (31:21). This (as confirmed
by Rabbinical commentaries such as Radak, Abarbanel, and Metsudot) refers to
historical and archaeological researches especially those dealing with
There will be a restoration of Both Houses, of Judah (31:23) and Israel.
Human Nature (especially that of Israel) will be changed and a "New Covenant"
This New Covenant will be different from the previous one.
Jeremiah 31:32 'It will not be like the
covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them
out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them,'
declares the LORD.
The Almighty had been a "husband" to Israel.
They broke the marital covenant.
The word translated as "covenant" in Hebrew is "brit".
A New Covenant or "Brit" will be made with Both Houses of Israel.
Human Nature will be changed.
5.Significant Points of Israelite
Identification from Jeremiah 31:
* Jeremiah speaks of the ingathering of
the Ten Tribes (31;1 to 31:22); he speaks of the Redemption of the Jews (Judah)
(31:23-26); and he speaks of the re-unification of Judah with the Lost Ten
Tribes (31;27-37) who will return in the Last days.
*In Ancient Times the Ten Tribes had turned away from God and therefore they
were cast out and 'lost'. In the future they will take the initiative and begin
to return to the God of Israel. God will respond and turn towards them and bring
them back (31:1, 6, 9, 22).
* The Lost Ten Tribes before their final return will be mainly "Notsrim"
(translated as "watchmen") members of the Christian religion (31:9). In our
opinion this religion is wrong but it will be the religion they will be
* They will return from every place they are found in. Their chief places of
residence at the Last Times will be in North America (31:8), in Europe, and at
the geographical extremities of the Continental Masses (31:8), and in the
British Isles (31:10). [We are not saying that everybody in these areas belongs
to the Ten Tribes but rather that the Lost Ten Tribes are concentrated in these
regions and they are significantly there. This is where they are to be found in
the End Times]. They
will return by modern means of transport such as
that are capable of transporting the incapacitated and women in childbirth
(31:8). The Lost Ten Tribes in the End Times will be dwelling independently in
their own lands (31:17). This indicates that in those places they will be
concentrated in they will be the majority of the population or at least the most
influential elements in their own areas.
* The Lost Ten Tribes did not return. They will have lost their Identity until
the End Times when their Identity will be restored and they will come back
* Ephraim will be identified with 'John Bull' of Britain and with those of
- Anglo) descent (31:18). 'Ephraim' will have an aristocratic character, type of
government and social system (31;18, 31;20) [whereas 'Menasseh'
will stand out for democratic principles].
* The dolmens and megalithic monuments form a path (31:21) reaching from the
Land of Israel through the Mediterranean, Spain, France, Britain, Ireland,
Holland, and Scandinavia. They show a path of migration of Israelites to the
West. This path was either set down (as seems certain) by the migrating
Israelites or at the least is to be adopted by them (according to Jeremiah) in
the future as a sign of the path they followed and by which path they are to
return to the Land of Israel. They are to use the monuments (dolmens and
as signs of the path to the lands and cities in the Land of Israel that they
were exiled from and to which they will return. The Land of Israel to which they
will return reaches from the Nile to the Euphrates and encompasses part of
Egypt, the present day State of Israel, part of Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria,
part of Turkey, and part of Iraq, and the Isle of Cyprus.
* The Lost Ten Tribes after their Exile would be weak at first but would then
become strong and defeat the Gentiles in warfare (31:22) as indeed happened.
Other passages from the Prophets confirm the above conclusions and add important
details to them. Jeremiah 31 is an important chapter because it brings a lot of
identifying characteristics together in one passage.
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