Ezekiel 41 to 46
The future building of the Temple is described.
The Return of Israel is connected with the future rebuilding of the Temple, the repentance of the Israelites and their forgiveness and reconciliation with the Almighty.
We have to free ourselves from the negative influences imposed upon us by our own society. God wants our good for our sakes.
Future Temple arrangements concerning the Priests (Cohens) and Levites are discussed.
The Land of Israel will be divied into the 13 sections. The Seventh or Middle Section will in turn be divided between the Prince, the Temple, the Levites, and the City area in general.
The Book of Ezekiel
Chapters 16 to 20
Chapters with Brit-Am Commentary
Chapter 41: The future building of the Temple is described.
Chapter 42: The Return of Israel is connected with the future rebuilding of the Temple, the repentance of the Israelites and their forgiveness and reconciliation with the Almighty.
Chapter 43: We have to free ourselves from the negative influences imposed upon us by our own society. God wants our good for our sakes.
Chapter 44: Future Temple arrangements concerning the Priests (Cohens) and Levites are discussed.
Chapter 45: The Land of Israel will be divided into 13 sections. The Seventh or Middle Section will in turn be divided between the Prince, the Temple, the Levites, and the City area in general.
Chapters with Brit-Am Commentary:
Ezekiel 41 to 45
Ezekiel in this and the next chapter continues his description of the Third
Temple. We have little to say at the moment on these matters only that we hope
that the Temple will be rebuilt shortly. We have also pointed out from times to
time the possibility that the return of the Ten Tribes and especially of Joseph
is connected with the rebuilding of the Third Temple. This is also the opinion
of the Midrash
and of various commentators as we have pointed out from time to time. A
prerequisite for the return of the Lost Ten Tribes is their correct
identification. They themselves must know who they are and Judah must also be
made aware of this fact. Brit-Am is doing what it can in this regard and is in a
unique position to do very much more. Help Brit-Am: By helping Brit-Am you will
be fulfilling the will of the Almighty as expressed in the Bible. You will be
furthering awareness of the inner truth we all subconsciously recognize. You
will be helping us and yourself and all our peoples. And Brit-Am is indeed in
need of assistance.
[Ezekiel 41:1] AFTERWARD HE BROUGHT ME TO THE TEMPLE, AND MEASURED THE POSTS,
SIX CUBITS BROAD ON THE ONE SIDE, AND SIX CUBITS BROAD ON THE OTHER SIDE, WHICH
WAS THE BREADTH OF THE TABERNACLE.
[Ezekiel 41:2] AND THE BREADTH OF THE DOOR WAS TEN CUBITS; AND THE SIDES OF THE
DOOR WERE FIVE CUBITS ON THE ONE SIDE, AND FIVE CUBITS ON THE OTHER SIDE: AND HE
MEASURED THE LENGTH THEREOF, FORTY CUBITS: AND THE BREADTH, TWENTY
[Ezekiel 41:3] THEN WENT HE INWARD, AND MEASURED THE POST OF THE DOOR, TWO
CUBITS; AND THE DOOR, SIX CUBITS; AND THE BREADTH OF THE DOOR, SEVEN
[Ezekiel 41:4] SO HE MEASURED THE LENGTH THEREOF, TWENTY CUBITS; AND THE
BREADTH, TWENTY CUBITS, BEFORE THE TEMPLE: AND HE SAID UNTO ME, THIS IS THE
MOST HOLY PLACE.
[Ezekiel 41:5] AFTER HE MEASURED THE WALL OF THE HOUSE, SIX CUBITS; AND THE
BREADTH OF EVERY SIDE CHAMBER, FOUR CUBITS, ROUND ABOUT THE HOUSE ON EVERY
[Ezekiel 41:6] AND THE SIDE CHAMBERS WERE THREE, ONE OVER ANOTHER, AND THIRTY IN
ORDER; AND THEY ENTERED INTO THE WALL WHICH WAS OF THE HOUSE FOR THE SIDE
CHAMBERS ROUND ABOUT, THAT THEY MIGHT HAVE HOLD, BUT THEY HAD NOT HOLD IN THE
WALL OF THE HOUSE.
[Ezekiel 41:7] AND THERE WAS AN ENLARGING, AND A WINDING ABOUT STILL UPWARD TO
THE SIDE CHAMBERS: FOR THE WINDING ABOUT OF THE HOUSE WENT STILL UPWARD ROUND
ABOUT THE HOUSE: THEREFORE THE BREADTH OF THE HOUSE WAS STILL UPWARD, AND SO
INCREASED FROM THE LOWEST CHAMBER TO THE HIGHEST BY THE
[Ezekiel 41:8] I SAW ALSO THE HEIGHT OF THE HOUSE ROUND ABOUT: THE FOUNDATIONS
OF THE SIDE CHAMBERS WERE A FULL REED OF SIX GREAT CUBITS.
[Ezekiel 41:9] THE THICKNESS OF THE WALL, WHICH WAS FOR THE SIDE CHAMBER
WITHOUT, WAS FIVE CUBITS: AND THAT WHICH WAS LEFT WAS THE PLACE OF THE SIDE
CHAMBERS THAT WERE WITHIN.
[Ezekiel 41:10] AND BETWEEN THE CHAMBERS WAS THE WIDENESS OF TWENTY CUBITS ROUND
ABOUT THE HOUSE ON EVERY SIDE.
[Ezekiel 41:11] AND THE DOORS OF THE SIDE CHAMBERS WERE TOWARD THE PLACE THAT
WAS LEFT, ONE DOOR TOWARD THE NORTH, AND ANOTHER DOOR TOWARD THE SOUTH: AND THE
BREADTH OF THE PLACE THAT WAS LEFT WAS FIVE CUBITS ROUND
[Ezekiel 41:12] NOW THE BUILDING THAT WAS BEFORE THE SEPARATE PLACE AT THE END
TOWARD THE WEST WAS SEVENTY CUBITS BROAD; AND THE WALL OF THE BUILDING WAS FIVE
CUBITS THICK ROUND ABOUT, AND THE LENGTH THEREOF NINETY
[Ezekiel 41:13] SO HE MEASURED THE HOUSE, AN HUNDRED CUBITS LONG; AND THE
SEPARATE PLACE, AND THE BUILDING, WITH THE WALLS THEREOF, AN HUNDRED CUBITS
[Ezekiel 41:14] ALSO THE BREADTH OF THE FACE OF THE HOUSE, AND OF THE SEPARATE
PLACE TOWARD THE EAST, AN HUNDRED CUBITS.
[Ezekiel 41:15] AND HE MEASURED THE LENGTH OF THE BUILDING OVER AGAINST THE
SEPARATE PLACE WHICH WAS BEHIND IT, AND THE GALLERIES THEREOF ON THE ONE SIDE
AND ON THE OTHER SIDE, AN HUNDRED CUBITS, WITH THE INNER TEMPLE, AND THE
PORCHES OF THE COURT;
[Ezekiel 41:16] THE DOOR POSTS, AND THE NARROW WINDOWS, AND THE GALLERIES ROUND
ABOUT ON THEIR THREE STORIES, OVER AGAINST THE DOOR, CIELED WITH WOOD ROUND
ABOUT, AND FROM THE GROUND UP TO THE WINDOWS, AND THE WINDOWS WERE
[Ezekiel 41:17] TO THAT ABOVE THE DOOR, EVEN UNTO THE INNER HOUSE, AND WITHOUT,
AND BY THE ENTIRE WALL ROUND ABOUT WITHIN AND WITHOUT, BY
[Ezekiel 41:18] AND IT WAS MADE WITH CHERUBIMS AND PALM TREES, SO THAT A PALM
TREE WAS BETWEEN A CHERUB AND A CHERUB; AND EVERY CHERUB HAD TWO
These are angels.
[Ezekiel 41:19] SO THAT THE FACE OF A MAN WAS TOWARD THE PALM TREE ON THE ONE
SIDE, AND THE FACE OF A YOUNG LION TOWARD THE PALM TREE ON THE OTHER SIDE: IT
WAS MADE THROUGH ALL THE HOUSE ROUND ABOUT.
Each cherub had two faces (a face of a
lion and a face of man) pointing in different directions. The whole length of
the walls was decorated with these two-faced cherubs
with the figure of palm trees
[Ezekiel 41:20] FROM THE GROUND UNTO ABOVE THE DOOR WERE CHERUBIMS AND PALM
TREES MADE, AND ON THE WALL OF THE TEMPLE.
[Ezekiel 41:21] THE POSTS OF THE TEMPLE WERE SQUARED, AND THE FACE OF THE
SANCTUARY; THE APPEARANCE OF THE ONE AS THE APPEARANCE OF THE
[Ezekiel 41:22] THE ALTAR OF WOOD WAS THREE CUBITS HIGH, AND THE LENGTH THEREOF
TWO CUBITS; AND THE CORNERS THEREOF, AND THE LENGTH THEREOF, AND THE WALLS
THEREOF, WERE OF WOOD: AND HE SAID UNTO ME, THIS IS THE TABLE THAT IS BEFORE
To understand this prophecy properly one
should really obtain illustrations such as are available in books of Commentary.
<<THIS IS THE TABLE THAT IS BEFORE THE LORD: The Temple will be rebuilt in
Jerusalem and God will make His presence apparent there. Every place is
different and has its own character. God can be found anywhere but nevertheless
the world was so made that in certain places Divine Inspiration would be easier
[Ezekiel 41:23] AND THE TEMPLE AND THE SANCTUARY HAD TWO
[Ezekiel 41:24] AND THE DOORS HAD TWO LEAVES APIECE, TWO TURNING LEAVES; TWO
LEAVES FOR THE ONE DOOR, AND TWO LEAVES FOR THE OTHER DOOR.
[Ezekiel 41:25] AND THERE WERE MADE ON THEM, ON THE DOORS OF THE TEMPLE,
CHERUBIMS AND PALM TREES, LIKE AS WERE MADE UPON THE WALLS; AND THERE WERE
THICK PLANKS UPON THE FACE OF THE PORCH WITHOUT.
[Ezekiel 41:26] AND THERE WERE NARROW WINDOWS AND PALM TREES ON THE ONE SIDE AND
ON THE OTHER SIDE, ON THE SIDES OF THE PORCH, AND UPON THE SIDE CHAMBERS OF THE
HOUSE, AND THICK PLANKS.
<<NARROW WINDOWS: Should be more
correctly translated from the Hebrew as "closed windows".
Continuing our Commentary on Ezekiel we will pass over the present chapter
without saying anything. The main purpose of this Commentary is to give an
overall impression and concentrate on points connected directly with the
identification of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel.
[Ezekiel 42:1] THEN HE BROUGHT ME FORTH INTO THE UTTER COURT, THE WAY TOWARD THE
NORTH: AND HE BROUGHT ME INTO THE CHAMBER THAT WAS OVER AGAINST THE SEPARATE
PLACE, AND WHICH WAS BEFORE THE BUILDING TOWARD THE
[Ezekiel 42:2] BEFORE THE LENGTH OF AN HUNDRED CUBITS WAS THE NORTH DOOR, AND
THE BREADTH WAS FIFTY CUBITS.
[Ezekiel 42:3] OVER AGAINST THE TWENTY CUBITS WHICH WERE FOR THE INNER COURT,
AND OVER AGAINST THE PAVEMENT WHICH WAS FOR THE UTTER COURT, WAS GALLERY AGAINST
GALLERY IN THREE STORIES.
[Ezekiel 42:4] AND BEFORE THE CHAMBERS WAS A WALK TO TEN CUBITS BREADTH INWARD,
A WAY OF ONE CUBIT; AND THEIR DOORS TOWARD THE NORTH.
[Ezekiel 42:5] NOW THE UPPER CHAMBERS WERE SHORTER: FOR THE GALLERIES WERE
HIGHER THAN THESE, THAN THE LOWER, AND THAN THE MIDDLEMOST OF THE
[Ezekiel 42:6] FOR THEY WERE IN THREE STORIES, BUT HAD NOT PILLARS AS THE
PILLARS OF THE COURTS: THEREFORE THE BUILDING WAS STRAITENED MORE THAN THE
LOWEST AND THE MIDDLEMOST FROM THE GROUND.
[Ezekiel 42:7] AND THE WALL THAT WAS WITHOUT OVER AGAINST THE CHAMBERS, TOWARD
THE UTTER COURT ON THE FOREPART OF THE CHAMBERS, THE LENGTH THEREOF WAS FIFTY
[Ezekiel 42:8] FOR THE LENGTH OF THE CHAMBERS THAT WERE IN THE UTTER COURT WAS
FIFTY CUBITS: AND, LO, BEFORE THE TEMPLE WERE AN HUNDRED
[Ezekiel 42:9] AND FROM UNDER THESE CHAMBERS WAS THE ENTRY ON THE EAST SIDE, AS
ONE GOETH INTO THEM FROM THE UTTER COURT.
[Ezekiel 42:10] THE CHAMBERS WERE IN THE THICKNESS OF THE WALL OF THE COURT
TOWARD THE EAST, OVER AGAINST THE SEPARATE PLACE, AND OVER AGAINST THE
[Ezekiel 42:11] AND THE WAY BEFORE THEM WAS LIKE THE APPEARANCE OF THE CHAMBERS
WHICH WERE TOWARD THE NORTH, AS LONG AS THEY, AND AS BROAD AS THEY: AND ALL
THEIR GOINGS OUT WERE BOTH ACCORDING TO THEIR FASHIONS, AND ACCORDING TO THEIR
[Ezekiel 42:12] AND ACCORDING TO THE DOORS OF THE CHAMBERS THAT WERE TOWARD THE
SOUTH WAS A DOOR IN THE HEAD OF THE WAY, EVEN THE WAY DIRECTLY BEFORE THE WALL
TOWARD THE EAST, AS ONE ENTERETH INTO THEM.
[Ezekiel 42:13] THEN SAID HE UNTO ME, THE NORTH CHAMBERS AND THE SOUTH CHAMBERS,
WHICH ARE BEFORE THE SEPARATE PLACE, THEY BE HOLY CHAMBERS, WHERE THE PRIESTS
THAT APPROACH UNTO THE LORD SHALL EAT THE MOST HOLY THINGS: THERE SHALL THEY LAY
THE MOST HOLY THINGS, AND THE MEAT OFFERING, AND THE SIN OFFERING, AND THE
TRESPASS OFFERING; FOR THE PLACE IS HOLY.
[Ezekiel 42:14] WHEN THE PRIESTS ENTER THEREIN, THEN SHALL THEY NOT GO OUT OF
THE HOLY PLACE INTO THE UTTER COURT, BUT THERE THEY SHALL LAY THEIR GARMENTS
WHEREIN THEY MINISTER; FOR THEY ARE HOLY; AND SHALL PUT ON OTHER GARMENTS, AND
SHALL APPROACH TO THOSE THINGS WHICH ARE FOR THE PEOPLE.
[Ezekiel 42:15] NOW WHEN HE HAD MADE AN END OF MEASURING THE INNER HOUSE, HE
BROUGHT ME FORTH TOWARD THE GATE WHOSE PROSPECT IS TOWARD THE EAST, AND
MEASURED IT ROUND ABOUT.
[Ezekiel 42:16] HE MEASURED THE EAST SIDE WITH THE MEASURING REED, FIVE HUNDRED
REEDS, WITH THE MEASURING REED ROUND ABOUT.
[Ezekiel 42:17] HE MEASURED THE NORTH SIDE, FIVE HUNDRED REEDS, WITH THE
MEASURING REED ROUND ABOUT.
[Ezekiel 42:18] HE MEASURED THE SOUTH SIDE, FIVE HUNDRED REEDS, WITH THE
[Ezekiel 42:19] HE TURNED ABOUT TO THE WEST SIDE, AND MEASURED FIVE HUNDRED
REEDS WITH THE MEASURING REED.
[Ezekiel 42:20] HE MEASURED IT BY THE FOUR SIDES: IT HAD A WALL ROUND ABOUT,
FIVE HUNDRED REEDS LONG, AND FIVE HUNDRED BROAD, TO MAKE A SEPARATION BETWEEN
THE SANCTUARY AND THE PROFANE
[Ezekiel 43:1] AFTERWARD HE BROUGHT ME TO THE GATE, EVEN THE GATE THAT LOOKETH
TOWARD THE EAST:
[Ezekiel 43:2] AND, BEHOLD, THE GLORY OF THE GOD OF ISRAEL CAME FROM THE WAY OF
THE EAST: AND HIS VOICE WAS LIKE A NOISE OF MANY WATERS: AND THE EARTH SHINED
WITH HIS GLORY.
[Ezekiel 43:3] AND IT WAS ACCORDING TO THE APPEARANCE OF THE VISION WHICH I SAW,
EVEN ACCORDING TO THE VISION THAT I SAW WHEN I CAME TO DESTROY THE CITY: AND THE
VISIONS WERE LIKE THE VISION THAT I SAW BY THE RIVER CHEBAR; AND I FELL UPON MY
[Ezekiel 43:4] AND THE GLORY OF THE LORD CAME INTO THE HOUSE BY THE WAY OF THE
GATE WHOSE PROSPECT IS TOWARD THE EAST.
[Ezekiel 43:5] SO THE SPIRIT TOOK ME UP, AND BROUGHT ME INTO THE INNER COURT;
AND, BEHOLD, THE GLORY OF THE LORD FILLED THE HOUSE.
Ezekiel in a vision is taken into the
courtyard of the future Temple.
[Ezekiel 43:6] AND I HEARD HIM SPEAKING UNTO ME OUT OF THE HOUSE; AND THE MAN
STOOD BY ME.
[Ezekiel 43:7] AND HE SAID UNTO ME, SON OF MAN, THE PLACE OF MY THRONE, AND THE
PLACE OF THE SOLES OF MY FEET, WHERE I WILL DWELL IN THE MIDST OF THE CHILDREN
OF ISRAEL FOR EVER, AND MY HOLY NAME, SHALL THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL NO MORE DEFILE,
NEITHER THEY, NOR THEIR KINGS, BY THEIR WHOREDOM, NOR BY THE CARCASES OF THEIR
KINGS IN THEIR HIGH PLACES.
<<WHERE I WILL DWELL IN THE MIDST OF THE
CHILDREN OF ISRAEL FOR EVER: God will once again make His presence intensely
felt in the midst of His people. The center of this feeling will be in the
future Temple in Jerusalem. God is indeed everywhere and can be (and should be)
approached from anywhere. Nevertheless, God so wants for reasons of His own that
His presence should be more intensely accessible from the Holy Land and within
the Holy land from Jerusalem and within Jerusalem from the future Temple after
it has been rebuilt.
[Ezekiel 43:8] IN THEIR SETTING OF THEIR THRESHOLD BY MY THRESHOLDS, AND THEIR
POST BY MY POSTS, AND THE WALL BETWEEN ME AND THEM, THEY HAVE EVEN DEFILED MY
HOLY NAME BY THEIR ABOMINATIONS THAT THEY HAVE COMMITTED: WHEREFORE I HAVE
CONSUMED THEM IN MINE ANGER.
[Ezekiel 43:9] NOW LET THEM PUT AWAY THEIR WHOREDOM, AND THE CARCASES OF THEIR
KINGS, FAR FROM ME, AND I WILL DWELL IN THE MIDST OF THEM FOR
[Ezekiel 43:10] THOU SON OF MAN, SHEW THE HOUSE TO THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL, THAT
THEY MAY BE ASHAMED OF THEIR INIQUITIES: AND LET THEM MEASURE THE
[Ezekiel 43:11] AND IF THEY BE ASHAMED OF ALL THAT THEY HAVE DONE, SHEW THEM THE
FORM OF THE HOUSE, AND THE FASHION THEREOF, AND THE GOINGS OUT THEREOF, AND THE
COMINGS IN THEREOF, AND ALL THE FORMS THEREOF, AND ALL THE ORDINANCES THEREOF,
AND ALL THE FORMS THEREOF, AND ALL THE LAWS THEREOF: AND WRITE IT IN THEIR
SIGHT, THAT THEY MAY KEEP THE WHOLE FORM THEREOF, AND ALL THE ORDINANCES
THEREOF, AND DO THEM.
<<ASHAMED OF ALL THAT THEY HAVE DONE:
We have all sinned. Both "Judah" and "Israel" (the Ten Tribes) have offended
grievously. We all must repent. On a national level the fact that the Temple was
destroyed and has not yet been rebuilt is somehow due to the sins of both Houses
of Israel. The Return of the Lost Ten tribes is connected with the rebuilding of
the Temple. As long as this does not take place indicates that we are lacking
and have not repented sufficiently of our misdeeds and wrong attitudes both as
individuals and as communities. The Spread of Brit-Am identity knowledge is a
first step in national repentance. It is an obligation. We all have a duty to do
the utmost we can to help spread this knowledge.
[Ezekiel 43:12] THIS IS THE LAW OF THE HOUSE; UPON THE TOP OF THE MOUNTAIN THE
WHOLE LIMIT THEREOF ROUND ABOUT SHALL BE MOST HOLY. BEHOLD, THIS IS THE LAW OF
[Ezekiel 43:13] AND THESE ARE THE MEASURES OF THE ALTAR AFTER THE CUBITS: THE
CUBIT IS A CUBIT AND AN HAND BREADTH; EVEN THE BOTTOM SHALL BE A CUBIT, AND THE
BREADTH A CUBIT, AND THE BORDER THEREOF BY THE EDGE THEREOF ROUND ABOUT SHALL BE
A SPAN: AND THIS SHALL BE THE HIGHER PLACE OF THE ALTAR.
[Ezekiel 43:14] AND FROM THE BOTTOM UPON THE GROUND EVEN TO THE LOWER SETTLE
SHALL BE TWO CUBITS, AND THE BREADTH ONE CUBIT; AND FROM THE LESSER SETTLE EVEN
TO THE GREATER SETTLE SHALL BE FOUR CUBITS, AND THE BREADTH ONE
[Ezekiel 43:15] SO THE ALTAR SHALL BE FOUR CUBITS; AND FROM THE ALTAR AND UPWARD
SHALL BE FOUR HORNS.
[Ezekiel 43:16] AND THE ALTAR SHALL BE TWELVE CUBITS LONG, TWELVE BROAD, SQUARE
IN THE FOUR SQUARES THEREOF.
[Ezekiel 43:17] AND THE SETTLE SHALL BE FOURTEEN CUBITS LONG AND FOURTEEN BROAD
IN THE FOUR SQUARES THEREOF; AND THE BORDER ABOUT IT SHALL BE HALF A CUBIT; AND
THE BOTTOM THEREOF SHALL BE A CUBIT ABOUT; AND HIS STAIRS SHALL LOOK TOWARD THE
[Ezekiel 43:18] AND HE SAID UNTO ME, SON OF MAN, THUS SAITH THE LORD GOD; THESE
ARE THE ORDINANCES OF THE ALTAR IN THE DAY WHEN THEY SHALL MAKE IT, TO OFFER
BURNT OFFERINGS THEREON, AND TO SPRINKLE BLOOD THEREON.
[Ezekiel 43:19] AND THOU SHALT GIVE TO THE PRIESTS THE LEVITES THAT BE OF THE
SEED OF ZADOK, WHICH APPROACH UNTO ME, TO MINISTER UNTO ME, SAITH THE LORD GOD,
A YOUNG BULLOCK FOR A SIN OFFERING.
[Ezekiel 43:20] AND THOU SHALT TAKE OF THE BLOOD THEREOF, AND PUT IT ON THE FOUR
HORNS OF IT, AND ON THE FOUR CORNERS OF THE SETTLE, AND UPON THE BORDER ROUND
ABOUT: THUS SHALT THOU CLEANSE AND PURGE IT.
[Ezekiel 43:21] THOU SHALT TAKE THE BULLOCK ALSO OF THE SIN OFFERING, AND HE
SHALL BURN IT IN THE APPOINTED PLACE OF THE HOUSE, WITHOUT THE
[Ezekiel 43:22] AND ON THE SECOND DAY THOU SHALT OFFER A KID OF THE GOATS
WITHOUT BLEMISH FOR A SIN OFFERING; AND THEY SHALL CLEANSE THE ALTAR, AS THEY
DID CLEANSE IT WITH THE BULLOCK.
[Ezekiel 43:23] WHEN THOU HAST MADE AN END OF CLEANSING IT, THOU SHALT OFFER A
YOUNG BULLOCK WITHOUT BLEMISH, AND A RAM OUT OF THE FLOCK WITHOUT
[Ezekiel 43:24] AND THOU SHALT OFFER THEM BEFORE THE LORD, AND THE PRIESTS SHALL
CAST SALT UPON THEM, AND THEY SHALL OFFER THEM UP FOR A BURNT OFFERING UNTO THE
[Ezekiel 43:25] SEVEN DAYS SHALT THOU PREPARE EVERY DAY A GOAT FOR A SIN
OFFERING: THEY SHALL ALSO PREPARE A YOUNG BULLOCK, AND A RAM OUT OF THE FLOCK,
[Ezekiel 43:26] SEVEN DAYS SHALL THEY PURGE THE ALTAR AND PURIFY IT; AND THEY
SHALL CONSECRATE THEMSELVES.
[Ezekiel 43:27] AND WHEN THESE DAYS ARE EXPIRED, IT SHALL BE, THAT UPON THE
EIGHTH DAY, AND SO FORWARD, THE PRIESTS SHALL MAKE YOUR BURNT OFFERINGS UPON THE
ALTAR, AND YOUR PEACE OFFERINGS; AND I WILL ACCEPT YOU, SAITH THE LORD GOD.
<<AND I WILL ACCEPT YOU: We will cause
offerings to be made in the future Temple and these shall atone for our sins and
shortcomings. This is a psychological factor in repentance. We do something bad
because we allow lust, or bad mood, or even carelessness to overtake us. In
principle if we repent we can be forgiven. It is not always so easy however. It
is often difficult to feel really sorry for what we have done. We can never be
sure that we would not do the same thing, or something worse, in similar
circumstances. Also, we do not always realize the gravity of what we have done
or we cannot be sure how much of what happened was our own fault and how much
was beyond our control or the fault of others. Sacrifices come to solve this
problem. In Hebrew the word for "sacrifice" is "korban"
from the root "KRB"
to draw closer. We repent by wanting to make things better, by wanting to draw
closer to God and in general regretting whatever faults we have and our bad
deeds. We then offer sacrifice and God forgives us even though we were unable to
forgive ourselves. We are purified. We are drawn closer. In our time we do not
have a temple and cannot offer up a physical sacrifice BUT we can offer up time,
energy, money for good causes. We can always turn things around in a positive
direction. God wants your good. Charity begins at home. God comes out of good
people. We can learn to be good people by being better towards those around us.
A person who tries to be good to his family and to others will feel good and
will be able to be good towards himself.
An article about the Temple as envisioned by Ezekiel may be seen at:
I did not read the entire article thoroughly or understand all that I did read
but nevertheless I think the article is interesting and the author makes some
[Ezekiel 44:1] THEN HE BROUGHT ME BACK THE WAY OF THE GATE OF THE OUTWARD
SANCTUARY WHICH LOOKETH TOWARD THE EAST; AND IT WAS SHUT.
[Ezekiel 44:2] THEN SAID THE LORD UNTO ME; THIS GATE SHALL BE SHUT, IT SHALL NOT
BE OPENED, AND NO MAN SHALL ENTER IN BY IT; BECAUSE THE LORD, THE GOD OF
ISRAEL, HATH ENTERED IN BY IT, THEREFORE IT SHALL BE SHUT.
[Ezekiel 44:3] IT IS FOR THE PRINCE; THE PRINCE, HE SHALL SIT IN IT TO EAT BREAD
BEFORE THE LORD; HE SHALL ENTER BY THE WAY OF THE PORCH OF THAT GATE, AND SHALL
GO OUT BY THE WAY OF THE SAME.
[Ezekiel 44:4] THEN BROUGHT HE ME THE WAY OF THE NORTH GATE BEFORE THE HOUSE:
AND I LOOKED, AND, BEHOLD, THE GLORY OF THE LORD FILLED THE HOUSE OF THE LORD:
AND I FELL UPON MY FACE.
[Ezekiel 44:5] AND THE LORD SAID UNTO ME, SON OF MAN, MARK WELL, AND BEHOLD WITH
THINE EYES, AND HEAR WITH THINE EARS ALL THAT I SAY UNTO THEE CONCERNING ALL THE
ORDINANCES OF THE HOUSE OF THE LORD, AND ALL THE LAWS THEREOF; AND MARK WELL THE
ENTERING IN OF THE HOUSE, WITH EVERY GOING FORTH OF THE
[Ezekiel 44:6] AND THOU SHALT SAY TO THE REBELLIOUS, EVEN TO THE HOUSE OF
ISRAEL, THUS SAITH THE LORD GOD; O YE HOUSE OF ISRAEL, LET IT SUFFICE YOU OF ALL
[Ezekiel 44:7] IN THAT YE HAVE BROUGHT INTO MY SANCTUARY STRANGERS,
UNCIRCUMCISED IN HEART, AND UNCIRCUMCISED IN FLESH, TO BE IN MY SANCTUARY, TO
POLLUTE IT, EVEN MY HOUSE, WHEN YE OFFER MY BREAD, THE FAT AND THE BLOOD, AND
THEY HAVE BROKEN MY COVENANT BECAUSE OF ALL YOUR ABOMINATIONS.
says this refers to priests (Cohens)
who were unworthy. Other commentaries say STRANGERS refers to non-Israelites,
or to the descendants of priests (Cohens)
who had worshipped false gods. The correct meaning is uncertain.
[Ezekiel 44:8] AND YE HAVE NOT KEPT THE CHARGE OF MINE HOLY THINGS: BUT YE HAVE
SET KEEPERS OF MY CHARGE IN MY SANCTUARY FOR YOURSELVES.
[Ezekiel 44:9] THUS SAITH THE LORD GOD; NO STRANGER, UNCIRCUMCISED IN HEART, NOR
UNCIRCUMCISED IN FLESH, SHALL ENTER INTO MY SANCTUARY, OF ANY STRANGER THAT IS
AMONG THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL.
The Lost Ten Tribes according to a
stopped the practice of circumcision before they were exiled. Nowadays most
males in the USA are automatically circumcised "or they were until recently. The
same used to be the case in Australia but now it is not so.
[Ezekiel 44:10] AND THE LEVITES THAT ARE GONE AWAY FAR FROM ME, WHEN ISRAEL WENT
ASTRAY, WHICH WENT ASTRAY AWAY FROM ME AFTER THEIR IDOLS; THEY SHALL EVEN BEAR
[Ezekiel 44:11] YET THEY SHALL BE MINISTERS IN MY SANCTUARY, HAVING CHARGE AT
THE GATES OF THE HOUSE, AND MINISTERING TO THE HOUSE: THEY SHALL SLAY THE BURNT
OFFERING AND THE SACRIFICE FOR THE PEOPLE, AND THEY SHALL STAND BEFORE THEM TO
MINISTER UNTO THEM.
[Ezekiel 44:12] BECAUSE THEY MINISTERED UNTO THEM BEFORE THEIR IDOLS, AND CAUSED
THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL TO FALL INTO INIQUITY; THEREFORE HAVE I LIFTED UP MINE HAND
AGAINST THEM, SAITH THE LORD GOD, AND THEY SHALL BEAR THEIR
[Ezekiel 44:13] AND THEY SHALL NOT COME NEAR UNTO ME, TO DO THE OFFICE OF A
PRIEST UNTO ME, NOR TO COME NEAR TO ANY OF MY HOLY THINGS, IN THE MOST HOLY
PLACE: BUT THEY SHALL BEAR THEIR SHAME, AND THEIR ABOMINATIONS WHICH THEY HAVE
[Ezekiel 44:14] BUT I WILL MAKE THEM KEEPERS OF THE CHARGE OF THE HOUSE, FOR ALL
THE SERVICE THEREOF, AND FOR ALL THAT SHALL BE DONE
My own "private" understanding is that
some of the priests and Levites who had paticipated in idolatry will be partially demoted but still do work
about the Temple and take part in the Temple service thought at a lesser level. This
explanation does not appear to be the accepted one however. May we live and see.
[Ezekiel 44:15] BUT THE PRIESTS THE LEVITES, THE SONS OF ZADOK, THAT KEPT THE
CHARGE OF MY SANCTUARY WHEN THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL WENT ASTRAY FROM ME, THEY
SHALL COME NEAR TO ME TO MINISTER UNTO ME, AND THEY SHALL STAND BEFORE ME TO
OFFER UNTO ME THE FAT AND THE BLOOD, SAITH THE LORD GOD:
[Ezekiel 44:16] THEY SHALL ENTER INTO MY SANCTUARY, AND THEY SHALL COME NEAR TO
MY TABLE, TO MINISTER UNTO ME, AND THEY SHALL KEEP MY
[Ezekiel 44:17] AND IT SHALL COME TO PASS, THAT WHEN THEY ENTER IN AT THE GATES
OF THE INNER COURT, THEY SHALL BE CLOTHED WITH LINEN GARMENTS; AND NO WOOL SHALL
COME UPON THEM, WHILES THEY MINISTER IN THE GATES OF THE INNER COURT, AND
[Ezekiel 44:18] THEY SHALL HAVE LINEN BONNETS UPON THEIR HEADS, AND SHALL HAVE
LINEN BREECHES UPON THEIR LOINS; THEY SHALL NOT GIRD THEMSELVES WITH ANY THING
THAT CAUSETH SWEAT.
[Ezekiel 44:19] AND WHEN THEY GO FORTH INTO THE UTTER COURT, EVEN INTO THE UTTER
COURT TO THE PEOPLE, THEY SHALL PUT OFF THEIR GARMENTS WHEREIN THEY MINISTERED,
AND LAY THEM IN THE HOLY CHAMBERS, AND THEY SHALL PUT ON OTHER GARMENTS; AND
THEY SHALL NOT SANCTIFY THE PEOPLE WITH THEIR GARMENTS.
[Ezekiel 44:20] NEITHER SHALL THEY SHAVE THEIR HEADS, NOR SUFFER THEIR LOCKS TO
GROW LONG; THEY SHALL ONLY POLL THEIR HEADS.
Does this suggest that ideally a man
should keep his hair short, not too long but at the same time not shave it all
[Ezekiel 44:21] NEITHER SHALL ANY PRIEST DRINK WINE, WHEN THEY ENTER INTO THE
[Ezekiel 44:22] NEITHER SHALL THEY TAKE FOR THEIR WIVES A WIDOW, NOR HER THAT IS
PUT AWAY: BUT THEY SHALL TAKE MAIDENS OF THE SEED OF THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL, OR A
WIDOW THAT HAD A PRIEST BEFORE.
These laws will be pertinent once the
Third Temple is rebuilt but they do not hold today but other laws peculiar to
[Ezekiel 44:23] AND THEY SHALL TEACH MY PEOPLE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE HOLY
AND PROFANE, AND CAUSE THEM TO DISCERN BETWEEN THE UNCLEAN AND THE
[Ezekiel 44:24] AND IN CONTROVERSY THEY SHALL STAND IN JUDGMENT; AND THEY SHALL
JUDGE IT ACCORDING TO MY JUDGMENTS: AND THEY SHALL KEEP MY LAWS AND MY STATUTES
IN ALL MINE ASSEMBLIES; AND THEY SHALL HALLOW MY SABBATHS.
[Ezekiel 44:25] AND THEY SHALL COME AT NO DEAD PERSON TO DEFILE THEMSELVES: BUT
FOR FATHER, OR FOR MOTHER, OR FOR SON, OR FOR DAUGHTER, FOR BROTHER, OR FOR
SISTER THAT HATH HAD NO HUSBAND, THEY MAY DEFILE
[Ezekiel 44:26] AND AFTER HE IS CLEANSED, THEY SHALL RECKON UNTO HIM SEVEN
[Ezekiel 44:27] AND IN THE DAY THAT HE GOETH INTO THE SANCTUARY, UNTO THE INNER
COURT, TO MINISTER IN THE SANCTUARY, HE SHALL OFFER HIS SIN OFFERING, SAITH THE
[Ezekiel 44:28] AND IT SHALL BE UNTO THEM FOR AN INHERITANCE: I AM THEIR
INHERITANCE: AND YE SHALL GIVE THEM NO POSSESSION IN ISRAEL: I AM THEIR
[Ezekiel 44:29] THEY SHALL EAT THE MEAT OFFERING, AND THE SIN OFFERING, AND THE
TRESPASS OFFERING: AND EVERY DEDICATED THING IN ISRAEL SHALL BE
[Ezekiel 44:30] AND THE FIRST OF ALL THE FIRSTFRUITS OF ALL THINGS, AND EVERY
OBLATION OF ALL, OF EVERY SORT OF YOUR OBLATIONS, SHALL BE THE PRIEST'S: YE
SHALL ALSO GIVE UNTO THE PRIEST THE FIRST OF YOUR DOUGH, THAT HE MAY CAUSE THE
BLESSING TO REST IN THINE HOUSE.
of your labors should dedicated to the service of God. If you so act, your homes
will be blessed.
[Ezekiel 44:31] THE PRIESTS SHALL NOT EAT OF ANY THING THAT IS DEAD OF ITSELF,
OR TORN, WHETHER IT BE FOWL OR BEAST.
[Ezekiel 45:1] MOREOVER, WHEN YE SHALL DIVIDE BY LOT THE LAND FOR INHERITANCE,
YE SHALL OFFER AN OBLATION UNTO THE LORD, AN HOLY PORTION OF THE LAND: THE
LENGTH SHALL BE THE LENGTH OF FIVE AND TWENTY THOUSAND REEDS, AND THE BREADTH
SHALL BE TEN THOUSAND. THIS SHALL BE HOLY IN ALL THE BORDERS THEREOF ROUND
(Art Scroll Tanach
explains that in the future the Land (from far in the north) will be divided
into 13 sections, from North to South:
The MIDDLE SECTION will be divided into five parts. A strip along the east and a
strip along the west will go to the ruler, i.e. The two outer parts will belong
to the Messianic Prince ("Nasi"
= Prince, in Hebrew) who will rule all Israel. Between the two outer strips on
the east and west the remainder will be divided (from north to south) into
three: The middle part (of the MIDDLE SECTION) will be divided into three:
a. The Temple Mount area which includes the Temple area and housing for the
b. The Levite area
c. The city plus communal land for all the tribes together.
All these divisions are referring only to a division along the coast from Egypt
to Turkey which is divided equally between all the tribes. Another division
takes place to the east based on other criteria.
The present chapter discusses the Middle Section.
We are explaining it mainly in the light of the Commentaries of Rabbi
[Ezekiel 45:2] OF THIS THERE SHALL BE FOR THE SANCTUARY FIVE HUNDRED IN LENGTH,
WITH FIVE HUNDRED IN BREADTH, SQUARE ROUND ABOUT; AND FIFTY CUBITS ROUND ABOUT
FOR THE SUBURBS THEREOF.
<<THE SUBURBS: In Hebrew "migrash"
denoting open space.
[Ezekiel 45:3] AND OF THIS MEASURE SHALT THOU MEASURE THE LENGTH OF FIVE AND
TWENTY THOUSAND, AND THE BREADTH OF TEN THOUSAND: AND IN IT SHALL BE THE
SANCTUARY AND THE MOST HOLY PLACE.
Describing the place of the Temple. The
Temple consisted of two courtyards beside each other. They were surrounded by a
wall. There was an outer courtyard and an inner courtyard slightly higher than
the outer one and divided from it by steps and a wall. In the inner courtyard
there was a two story altar outside in the open. A ramp from the ground reached
to the top of the altar. After the altar there was a building ("The Sanctuary")
which was divided inside into two by a curtain. Behind the curtain was the Holy
of Holies ("THE MOST HOLY PLACE") which was the most sacred area of the Temple.
[Ezekiel 45:4] THE HOLY PORTION OF THE LAND SHALL BE FOR THE PRIESTS THE
MINISTERS OF THE SANCTUARY, WHICH SHALL COME NEAR TO MINISTER UNTO THE LORD:
AND IT SHALL BE A PLACE FOR THEIR HOUSES, AND AN HOLY PLACE FOR THE SANCTUARY.
The priests have to maintain a higher
level of ritual purity than other Israelites so it is better that they dwell
together close to the Temple area.
[Ezekiel 45:5] AND THE FIVE AND TWENTY THOUSAND OF LENGTH, AND THE TEN THOUSAND
OF BREADTH SHALL ALSO THE LEVITES, THE MINISTERS OF THE HOUSE, HAVE FOR
THEMSELVES, FOR A POSSESSION FOR TWENTY CHAMBERS.
<<TWENTY CHAMBERS: The
says this means the equivalent of twenty cities.
[Ezekiel 45:6] AND YE SHALL APPOINT THE POSSESSION OF THE CITY FIVE THOUSAND
BROAD, AND FIVE AND TWENTY THOUSAND LONG, OVER AGAINST THE OBLATION OF THE HOLY
PORTION: IT SHALL BE FOR THE WHOLE HOUSE OF ISRAEL.
[Ezekiel 45:7] AND A PORTION SHALL BE FOR THE PRINCE ON THE ONE SIDE AND ON THE
OTHER SIDE OF THE OBLATION OF THE HOLY PORTION, AND OF THE POSSESSION OF THE
CITY, BEFORE THE OBLATION OF THE HOLY PORTION, AND BEFORE THE POSSESSION OF THE
CITY, FROM THE WEST SIDE WESTWARD, AND FROM THE EAST SIDE EASTWARD: AND THE
LENGTH SHALL BE OVER AGAINST ONE OF THE PORTIONS, FROM THE WEST BORDER UNTO THE
[Ezekiel 45:8] IN THE LAND SHALL BE HIS POSSESSION IN ISRAEL: AND MY PRINCES
SHALL NO MORE OPPRESS MY PEOPLE; AND THE REST OF THE LAND SHALL THEY GIVE TO THE
HOUSE OF ISRAEL ACCORDING TO THEIR TRIBES.
The leaders of Israel will no longer
oppress them. They will no longer take unfair taxes and not be unjust.
[Ezekiel 45:9] THUS SAITH THE LORD GOD; LET IT SUFFICE YOU, O PRINCES OF ISRAEL:
REMOVE VIOLENCE AND SPOIL, AND EXECUTE JUDGMENT AND JUSTICE, TAKE AWAY YOUR
EXACTIONS FROM MY PEOPLE, SAITH THE LORD GOD.
<<YOUR EXACTIONS: in Hebrew "Gerushotaychem"
from the root "Gerush"
to divorce, drive away. Unfair government drives a person out of his
inheritance. This is a principle of Biblical Law that every person should have
an inherited right to maintain himself and his family. In an agricultural
society this meant a portion of land that was substantially inalienable. It
would always by right belong to the person who inherited it and every Israelite
was born with the right to such an inheritance. Unjust social policies and
oppressive government were the cause of this right being unfairly taken away
from a person.
[Ezekiel 45:10] YE SHALL HAVE JUST BALANCES, AND A JUST EPHAH, AND A JUST
[Ezekiel 45:11] THE EPHAH AND THE BATH SHALL BE OF ONE MEASURE, THAT THE BATH
MAY CONTAIN THE TENTH PART OF AN HOMER, AND THE EPHAH THE TENTH PART OF AN
HOMER: THE MEASURE THEREOF SHALL BE AFTER THE HOMER.
[Ezekiel 45:12] AND THE SHEKEL SHALL BE TWENTY GERAHS: TWENTY SHEKELS, FIVE AND
TWENTY SHEKELS, FIFTEEN SHEKELS, SHALL BE YOUR MANEH.
These were measurements. The
measurements had to be fair. They needed to be checked. Some of the measurements
used in Biblical times by the Israelites are the same as traditional Anglo-Saxon
[Ezekiel 45:13] THIS IS THE OBLATION THAT YE SHALL OFFER; THE SIXTH PART OF AN
EPHAH OF AN HOMER OF WHEAT, AND YE SHALL GIVE THE SIXTH PART OF AN EPHAH OF AN
HOMER OF BARLEY:
[Ezekiel 45:14] CONCERNING THE ORDINANCE OF OIL, THE BATH OF OIL, YE SHALL OFFER
THE TENTH PART OF A BATH OUT OF THE COR, WHICH IS AN HOMER OF TEN BATHS; FOR TEN
BATHS ARE AN HOMER:
[Ezekiel 45:15] AND ONE LAMB OUT OF THE FLOCK, OUT OF TWO HUNDRED, OUT OF THE
FAT PASTURES OF ISRAEL; FOR A MEAT OFFERING, AND FOR A BURNT OFFERING, AND FOR
PEACE OFFERINGS, TO MAKE RECONCILIATION FOR THEM, SAITH THE LORD
[Ezekiel 45:16] ALL THE PEOPLE OF THE LAND SHALL GIVE THIS OBLATION FOR THE
PRINCE IN ISRAEL.
The Prince receives the offerings and
offers them up for the people who eat and drink portions of them at Festival
[Ezekiel 45:17] AND IT SHALL BE THE PRINCE'S PART TO GIVE BURNT OFFERINGS, AND
MEAT OFFERINGS, AND DRINK OFFERINGS, IN THE FEASTS, AND IN THE NEW MOONS, AND IN
THE SABBATHS, IN ALL SOLEMNITIES OF THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL: HE SHALL PREPARE THE
SIN OFFERING, AND THE MEAT OFFERING, AND THE BURNT OFFERING, AND THE PEACE
OFFERINGS, TO MAKE RECONCILIATION FOR THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL.
We dedicate ourselves to God and (even
though we and our families benefit from this, and enjoy it) it is still
considered a sacrifice by means of which God brings us back to Himself.
[Ezekiel 45:18] THUS SAITH THE LORD GOD; IN THE FIRST MONTH, IN THE FIRST DAY OF
THE MONTH, THOU SHALT TAKE A YOUNG BULLOCK WITHOUT BLEMISH, AND CLEANSE THE
[Ezekiel 45:19] AND THE PRIEST SHALL TAKE OF THE BLOOD OF THE SIN OFFERING, AND
PUT IT UPON THE POSTS OF THE HOUSE, AND UPON THE FOUR CORNERS OF THE SETTLE OF
THE ALTAR, AND UPON THE POSTS OF THE GATE OF THE INNER
[Ezekiel 45:20] AND SO THOU SHALT DO THE SEVENTH DAY OF THE MONTH FOR EVERY ONE
THAT ERRETH, AND FOR HIM THAT IS SIMPLE: SO SHALL YE RECONCILE THE HOUSE.
<<THAT IS SIMPLE: In Hebrew "Shogeh"
= in error, mistaken. It is quite likely that with so many people involved
somebody is liable to make a mistake and accidentally defile areas of the Temple
so these will be annually purified.
[Ezekiel 45:21] IN THE FIRST MONTH, IN THE FOURTEENTH DAY OF THE MONTH, YE SHALL
HAVE THE PASSOVER, A FEAST OF SEVEN DAYS; UNLEAVENED BREAD SHALL BE EATEN.
You shall keep the Passover and eat meat
("UNLEAVENED BREAD") which can be quite tasty but initially need a certain
[Ezekiel 45:22] AND UPON THAT DAY SHALL THE PRINCE PREPARE FOR HIMSELF AND FOR
ALL THE PEOPLE OF THE LAND A BULLOCK FOR A SIN OFFERING.
[Ezekiel 45:23] AND SEVEN DAYS OF THE FEAST HE SHALL PREPARE A BURNT OFFERING TO
THE LORD, SEVEN BULLOCKS AND SEVEN RAMS WITHOUT BLEMISH DAILY THE SEVEN DAYS;
AND A KID OF THE GOATS DAILY FOR A SIN OFFERING.
[Ezekiel 45:24] AND HE SHALL PREPARE A MEAT OFFERING OF AN EPHAH FOR A BULLOCK,
AND AN EPHAH FOR A RAM, AND AN HIN OF OIL FOR AN EPHAH.
[Ezekiel 45:25] IN THE SEVENTH MONTH, IN THE FIFTEENTH DAY OF THE MONTH, SHALL
HE DO THE LIKE IN THE FEAST OF THE SEVEN DAYS, ACCORDING TO THE SIN OFFERING,
ACCORDING TO THE BURNT OFFERING, AND ACCORDING TO THE MEAT OFFERING, AND
ACCORDING TO THE OIL.