Brit-Am Ephraimite Forum no. 68
Brit-Am Ephraimite Discussion. News and Issues concerning the Lost Ten Tribes and Judah in the World Today.

For Previous issues see:
Ephraimite Forum Archives


The Brit-Am Rose
Official Symbol of Brit-Am

Ephraimite Forum-68
Date: 7/July/08 4th Tammuz 5768
1. Holocaust:
Involvement of
Wehrmacht and German Civilians in "Final Solution"
2. Dennis Tate:
To Combat Global Warming: Need More Trees and Desalinated water in Dead Sea Region!
3. Archaeology: Brit-Am Version of Explorator 11.11

Site Contents by Subject Home
Site Map
Contents in Alphabetical Order
This Site

1. Holocaust:
Involvement of
Wehrmacht and German Civilians in "Final Solution"

Extracts from:
Published by (June 2008)

Christine Glauning.

_Entgrenzung und KZ System: Das Unternehmen "W ?ste"
und das Konzentrationslager in Bisinger 1944/1945_. Reihe "Geschichte
der Konzentrationslager 1933-1945". Berlin: Metropol Verlag, 2008. 410
pp. Charts, bibliography, appendix, index of persons, index of places.
EUR 24.00 (cloth), ISBN 978-3-938690-30-7.

Reviewed for H-German by Leonid Rein, International Institute for Holocaust Research Yad Vashem

Armament and Terror in the Third Reich

Relevant Extracts:
In 1944, a few years
after the Nazis had proclaimed the Reich "free of Jews," Jewish forced laborers from occupied countries were brought into Germany to work at various armament projects.

Glauning shows that the entire camp system underwent an ever-increasing decentralization process, whereby external camps became camps in their own rights. In the case of Natzweiler, the external camps continued to exist long after the main camp was evacuated in the summer 1944; members of the commandant's office staff were distributed between various external camps and thus these camps became autonomous bodies.

Glauning also considers the question of the Wehrmacht's involvement in the concentration camp system. In the last stages of war, the rising number of both concentration camps and the number of inmates to be guarded had led leaders to supplement camp personnel with Wehrmacht soldiers. In Bisingen, the majority of camp personnel were former Luftwaffe members and Wehrmacht reservists. Glauning thus shows that Wehrmacht soldiers and officers did not serve only in subordinate capacities as camp guards. In Bisingen itself, many central positions within the camp administration were held by Wehrmacht members, rather than the SS ?"bloc leaders, labor unit leaders, camp physicians, and even the camp commander were Wehrmacht members. Glauning also shows that the presence of more Wehrmacht members did not result in better conditions in the camps. Often (as was the case with Bisingen's camp commander, Johannes Pauli) Wehrmacht members not only achieved levels of brutality instituted by the SS, they surpassed them. Glauning's analysis also incorporates research about the perpetrators, considering their motives and larger behavioral patterns. She focuses on two different people: Pauli, and his immediate superior, Franz-Johann Hoffmann. Although the men came from different backgrounds (Hoffmann was a member of the lower middle-class and SS veteran; Pauli came from a more bourgeois background), Glauning shows that both men underwent a "school" of violence at various stages of their lives and acquired similarly radical fixed images of their supposed enemies.

Changes in camp leadership led to changes in inmate hierarchies. Whereas German criminals were originally appointed to "Kapo" positions, in this later phase, East Europeans and even Jews could be appointed as _Funktionsh ftlinge_ (inmate-functionaries). This fact did not mean that the Nazis had entirely abandoned racial ideology, and Jewish inmates still were subjected to brutal maltreatment. Neither did the increased need for inmate labor result in better treatment. Leaders' desires to get the most out of prisoners led to drastic increases in mortality rates in Bisingen and in other labor camps. In Bisingen, around 1,200 inmates died between October 1944 and mid-April 1945 as a result of appalling living and working conditions and brutal maltreatment on the part of both camp personnel and factory officials.

Glauning shows that not only SS guards, but representatives of the Organization Todt and private firms as well treated prisoners as slaves, driving them to work using physical and verbal violence; they, too, were responsible for the deaths of thousands of prisoners. At the same time, Glauning shows the inability of SS apparatus to bridge the gap between ideology and pragmatic requirements. Notwithstanding the fact that in the course of his inspection of Bisingen, Oswald Pohl himself harshly criticized the inhuman conditions in the camp, this did not led to any noticeable improvement in either living or work conditions. After Pohl's inspection, Bisingen's mortality rates increased dramatically. Between December 1944 and mid-April 1945, 967 prisoners died in Bisingen. Thus contrary to the current trend in German research, which ascribes more importance to economic considerations than to pure ideology in National Socialist policy in various spheres,[3] Glauning maintains that to the very end ideological motives were of great importance.

Glauning sees in the development of the oil shale project an interplay between rationality and irrationality, between pragmatism and ideological dogmatism. Even if the whole project was launched for reasons that had little to do with rationality and pragmatism, people engaged in various stages of the project's development acted out of rational motives, be it the implementation of their research skills or efforts to secure workers or facilities. Glauning destroys the image of concentration camps at the end period of the Third Reich as bodies centrally administered, ruled by SS, and cordoned off from their surroundings. In fact she applies the term "Entgrenzung" (dissolution of boundaries), especially in terms of the relations between the camps and their surroundings. In Bisingen, villagers came into everyday contact with the camp, whether via the sight of inmates passing through the streets on their way to work, the accommodation of camp personnel, or collaboration in the apprehension of escapees. Glauning also destroys or at least corrects the so-called "Bisingen myth," which portrayed the population of Bisingen as protesting against the inhuman treatment of camp's inmates or even assisting prisoners in various ways.

Glauning's study is well written and easy to read. It provides an interesting, important contribution to both the history of the Nazi armament program and the history of concentration camps in the later stages of the Third Reich.

2. Dennis Tate:
To Combat Global Warming: Need More Trees and Desalinated water in Dead Sea Region!
From: Dennis Tate <>
 I suspect Israel's Dead Sea is a key to combatting global warming!

"It is my firm belief that the number one technological device to reduce atmospheric greenhouse gases has already been invented. It is the tree.

"What is desperately needed at this time is not necessarily a new mechanical device but instead a paradigm shift in economic theory regarding monetary policy. We require a readily understandable explanation on how leaders in business and government can direct not only millions, but actually trillions of dollars of investment into combating global warming.

"One of the most effective practical methods that could be put into place in the least amount of time would be dozens of the largest possible desalinization plants all along the Mediterranean and Red Seas. Huge quantities of fresh water could be dripped onto the Sinai and Sahara deserts and voila, well chosen species of newly planted fast growing trees could soon change the color of these relatively desolate areas, significantly reduce atmospheric CO2, positively affect local weather patterns and at the same time significantly counterbalance the increases in worldwide ocean levels as the polar ice caps melt. This will buy us some extra time and thus expand the "very brief window of opportunity to deal with climate change."

"So who is going to finance the construction of all these massive installations not to mention the planting of all those seedling trees?"...(Denns Tate, 2007)
My second submission emphasizes the writings of New Mexico biologist Carl Cantrell:
Global Warming II by Carl Cantrell

"So how is our problem of continental drying causing global warming? It all has to do with vegetation and sunlight. When sun light hits a plant, it causes a process which we call photosynthesis where the energy from the sun light creates oxygen for us to breath, water for us to drink, and is stored as sugar for plants and animals to use. When the same sun light hits the soil, all of its energy turns into heat and is radiated back into the atmosphere, carried away by running surface water such as rain fall, is carried away to other areas by our winds, and diffuses down into the soil towards the earth's crust. All of this warms our planet increasing its average temperature."

"Therefore, the less vegetation you have on the planet, the more sunlight is being turned into heat and the warmer the planet becomes. This is very critical because warmer and dryer winds dry out other land areas faster decreasing the vegetation on those land areas. Less humidity in the air also reflects less sun light back out into space so that more sun light strikes the earth and more heat is generated?."

"The truth is that you can do more to decrease global warming by just reducing the average temperature for the Sahara Desert by one or two degrees than if we humans completely quit using fossil fuels and returned to the cave".

"So, how would you start working to resolve this problem? Easy, cool the deserts and get some vegetation growing on them as soon as possible. But the method is much more complex than that. You have to use the prevailing trade winds in relation to the deserts to get the best results as quickly as possible and it will be extremely expensive".

"Then we build desalination plants along the coast near these water sheds and pipe water to the tops or ridges of the water sheds".

"This will do a number of things. First, it will increase the moisture in the desert soil so that it will develop water tables and water will begin to run in the streams. This water will increase the amount of vegetation in the area and decrease the amount of heat being generated by sun light cooling the watered area and all areas down wind of the watered area. As more available water evaporates, it will cool the air and reflect more sun light back out into space cooling the area even more. Cooler and more humid air will have less of a heating effect on areas down wind and will reflect more sun light back into space in those areas cooling areas we won't be watering yet. Cooler and more humid air will also have less of a warming effect on our seas and oceans."

"Rain water running off of cooler soil will decrease the heating effect on our oceans and our planet crusts which will decrease catastrophic storm activities for other areas and seismic activity for the entire planet. Also, returning more ocean water to the surface and aquifers of our continents will lower the sea levels providing more usable land for us to farm and build on."

"With cooler desert areas and increasing vegetation, less water will evaporate from our deserts increasing the amount of surface water even more and increasing the amount of vegetation and animal life by huge amounts because deserts currently take up more than 20% of our land surface. Populations will be able to spread out and there will be less competition for existing land areas."

What we need is to develop a process where ocean water is desalinated on a massive scale thus drastically reducing the cost.

Can anybody here guess why I believe your Dead Sea could be the key to combating global warming?
(This discussion has been originally put forward on this facebook discussion group):

3. Archaeology: Brit-Am Version of Explorator 11.11
From: david meadows <>
explorator 11.11 July 6, 2008


A (bizarre) sacrifice-'burial' of an acrobat and horses from

An ancient 'royal structure' from Northern Iran:

Plans are afoot to excavate the Chehrabad salt mine:

Some 'new' fragments of Leviticus from the Judean desert:

Very interesting ink-on-stone 'Messiah' tablet (I suspect this will
be getting a ton of press attention):

They're going to fix up Tell Napoleon:

Review of Jonathan Wilson, *Ancestral Journeys*:


Digging the 'Ephesus of the Black Sea':

Comparing Virgil translations:

Looking for Roman remains at Birnie:

Studying ancient attire: (Western)

They've been brewing beer in Ireland for quite a while, apparently:

The public can voice their opinion about Stonehenge:

More coverage of Vikings and cod: (NS)

More coverage of that Viking burial going on display in Sweden
(with a focus on some amber gaming piece found therein):

Dating Yankee Doodle:

Looking at some early drafts of the Declaration of Independence:


Sad stories from Gettysburg:

Quebec City is celebrating its 400th anniversary:

Review of Daniel Mark Epstein, *The Lincolns: Portrait of a Marriage*:

On Frederick II and the rebirth of Roman culture:

Interesting item on Keats:

On the origins of football (maybe) (European):

Lyme disease originated in Europe:

I guess Occam's Razor doesn't apply to the who-wrote-Shakespeare's-plays

What makes a Stradivarius so good:

Can't remember if we had this King-Arthur-was-French story: (Telegraph)





The smallest U.S. National Park:

====================================br> DIG DIARIES/BLOGS
Tel Kadesh:

Tel Dan:





Nordic Heritage Museum:

You too are from Israel
You too are the People

Lost Tribes of Israel in the West.
Main Biblical and Historical Points Summarized
A fast-flowing, easy-to-read, well-presented overall view of the Scriptural and Historical evidence concerning the whereabouts of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel in the world today.

More Details

since 1948
Welcome to
Skewes Jewelry
Marshall, MN 56258

To Make an Offering to Brit-Am

Send a check to
POB 595
Jerusalem 91004

or deposit a donation in our
PayPal Account

Contribute to Brit-Am

Correspond with us
Send Comments or Criticisms
You may not always receive an immediate answer but anything you say will be considered and appreciated
Send us an

Books and Offering Opportunities

Main Page