1 Now when Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children, Rachel envied her
sister, and said to Jacob, 'Give me children, or else I die!'
2 And Jacob's anger was aroused against Rachel, and he said, 'Am I in the place
of God, who has withheld from you the fruit of the womb?'
3 So she said, 'Here is my maid
Bilhah; go in to her, and she
will bear a child on my knees, that I also may have children by her.' 4 Then she gave him Bilhah
her maid as wife, and Jacob went in to her. 5 And Bilhah
conceived and bore Jacob a son. 6 Then Rachel said,
God has judged my case; and He has also heard my voice and given me
Therefore she called his name Dan.
Dan was born out of judgment. The very name DAN in Hebrew means "Judge"!
This is reflected in the declaration of Rachel, "God has judged my case".
Dan in Exile. The Tribe of Dan was part of the Ten Tribes in the northern Kingdom of
Israel. Dan in the Land of Israel was split into at least three different
sections. All the inhabitants of "Israel" were taken into captivity by the
Assyrians and driven forth to various parts of the Assyrian Empire. They lost
their identity and became the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel. Dan was part of them.
The purpose of the Exile was in order to became like the Gentiles and uplift
them from inside. To become "a great and mighty nation" (Genesis 18:18) in order
to establish "justice and judgement" (Genesis 18:19). See:
The Purpose of Exile and Loss of Identity. http://britam.org/Purpose.html
The Divine Purpose for the Exile and Division of the Tribes http://britam.org/tape3.html
Dan too was part of this.
Actually, the Tribe of Dan according to different legends may have been exiled
or otherwise left the region of Israel before the other Tribes. A legend
transmitted by Eldad HaDani says that when Jeroboam son of Nebat led the Ten
Tribes away from Judah hostilities broke out between Judah and Israel. Rather
than engage in fratricidal strife the Tribe of Dan (or a part of it) left the
Land of its own free will. Eldad HaDani was apparently an inhabitant of Khazaria.
His very name testifies to Danite origins, "HaDani" in Hebrew means "The Danite".
The Don River, Dneister, and Danube and other waterways are named after Dan.
There are those who claim that the Don River etc are named after a European root
meaning "water". We have evidence however that it is in fact an ethnic
In the course of their peregrinations a section of Dan conquered parts of
Greece. They strongly influenced the formation of Greek civilization.
Numerically however they were few and according to Irish legend left Greece at a
We identify the descendants of Dan with the Danes of Denmark and with part of
the Irish and Welsh in Britain.
Judah in Dan In "The Tribes" we show how in several cases offshoots from Judah
accompanied groups of Danites. Amongst the Danites in Exile are also to be found
descendants of Judah. In many ways the Irish and Jews are diametrically opposed
to each other. On the other hand there also prevails a strange similarity, even
at times in appearance.
# ED KOCH,
former Jewish Mayor of New York City, once told U. S. Cardinal John O?Conner,
an American of Irish descent, "The TEN LOST TRIBES OF ISRAEL we [Jews] believe
ended up in Ireland" (U. S. News & World Report, March 17, 1987). #
Dan in Judah
A small number of Danites are also to be found amongst the present-day Jews.
Judah was originally comprised of the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin. Later the
Levites joined them. Eventually a minority representative relatively small
number of refugees from the Kingdom of Israel also came to Judah. Technically
Judah contains representative portions of all the Twelve Tribes but only the
original three predominate, i.e. Judah, Benjamin, and Levi.
Legalistic and Pugnacious Aspects of
Dan. The Talmud (Pesachim 4) gives an anecdote about someone who was
constantly saying, "Let us go to judgement at court".
They concluded that he was descended from Dan.
In the USA many of the policemen, judges, and lawyers, are of Irish descent.
S. Gusten Olsen ("The Incredible Nordic Origins", 1981) tells us that in Norway
most of the circuit judgers used to be descended from Danes.
The Irish have a reputation for violence or rather for always fighting with
friends and associates. This is grossly exaggerated.
Most Irishmen are law-abiding and well-behaved, even gentle. There are
If due to the there being something to this reputation then it emanates from a
feeling of need for justice. The Irish alacrity for fisticuffs where it exists
is often an expression of need for redress. It is not violence for the sake of it
nor lust for mastery.
This does not mean that it is justified or praiseworthy. Often it is unjustified
and may even verge on the criminal. Even so, it exists to some extent and where its effects are negative
may be considered a pathologically misdirected search for Judgment.
This too may be an expression of Dan.
Samson and Judgment.
Samson was from the Tribe of Dan.
Samson was captured by the Philistines who poked his eyes out.
Samson died by pulling down the building in which numerous Philistines were
Samson had been their erstwhile opponent. They had gathered together to celebrate their idol and had decided to mock
Before he died, Samson asked God to give him strength and help him take revenge
on his captors.
28 Then Samson called to the LORD, saying, 'O Lord GOD, remember me, I pray!
Strengthen me, I pray, just this once, O God, that I may with one blow take
vengeance on the Philistines for my two eyes!'
This is as if Samson asked God to judge him and help him revenge the loss of his
Samson in effect was saying to God that he had been created different from
others. For better or for worse, Samson had unique qualities and propensities.
He asked the Almighty to enable him to make one last final vindicative use of
Rafael Menachem Shlanger ("Shiftei Nachalateca") discusses this incident and
suggests that this too reflects an aspect of judgement.
Rabbi Shlanger links the request of Samson to the principle that every being is
created as they would have wished to be if they had have been given the choice.
This is an aspect of "judgment".
Everything and every being was created, # "in
accordance to how they would have wanted to become" [Hebrew: "Be-Tsivyon-am"]
According to the reasoning of each and every one and in the individual imprinted
formation of each one.# (Rashi
on Rosh Hashana
13a, cf. Hulin
Each and every one of us in their own way is a "Little Samson". We are all
unique. We wish to express this uniqueness. This is one
of the elementary human urges.
Mankind is created with Five Basic Needs:
3. Belonging to a Group.
4. Expressing Individual Uniqueness.
5. Serving a Higher Cause.
Samson prayed that through his death some of these Needs should be fulfilled.
His prayer was answered.
Dan and the Serpent Path.
Jacob blessed Dan: Genesis 49:
16 'Dan shall judge his people As one of the tribes of Israel.
17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, A viper by the path, That bites the
horse's heels So that its rider shall fall backward.
18 I have waited for your salvation, O LORD!
In Biblical Exegesis a prediction especially a blessing may have manifold
The Sages said that one application of being "A viper by the path" was
exemplified by Samson. Samson was enormously strong but partly
lame in his legs. This caused him to drag his feet as he walked. The trail of
Samson on the dusty path was similar to that left by a snake who has wriggled
across the road.
Another aspect of this serpent trail is the habit of the Tribe of Dan leaving
places named after their forefather Dan everywhere they went (Judges 18).
The Tribe of Dan. In Hebrew the expression "Tribe of Dan" is found as "Mateh Dan" and "Shevet
Both "Shevet" and "Mateh" connote "staff".
A Biblical Codes search suggested islands, surrounded by Ocean, and the word
This is applicable to Ireland, the British Isles, Scandinavia, and North
The Gaedhal (of Nial) and Iberni of Ireland were also found.
Ireland came up with Asher, King David,
We only found Dan around Donegal in Northwest Ireland where descendants of Nial
according to DNA findings comprise ca. 20% of the population.
Maybe more specific searches will come up with different results?
Dan to Gather Up the Stragglers!
The Tribe of Dan when the Israelites came out of Egypt headed the northern
triumvirate of Dan, Asher, and Naphtali.
Dan is described as "the rear guard of all the camps" (Numbers 10:25). In Hebrew
this is "ama-asef lecol ha-machaneh" or literally "The one who gathers up (or
shepherds in) for the rest of the camp". Dan was to gather up the stragglers.
In Jewish popular tradition Dan is associated with the recovery of lost objects.
In our article, Dan - Tribal Characteristics in a
Nutshell http://www.britam.org/tribes/DanTC.html we described Dan as a "a pioneer, a trailblazer".
This is only partly correct. Dan also has a conservative reserved streak. He may
be potentially very brave but paradoxically loath to take chances.
He also may be slow but catches up later.
This is reflected even in his procreation record.
The Patriarch Dan only had one son known as "Hushim" (Genesis 46:23) or as
Shuham (Numbers 26:42).
Even though Dan had only one son and other Tribal ancestors had several it was
Dan who was ultimately to overtake them in numbers.
When they came out of Egypt the Tribe of Dan numbered 62,700 warriors (Numbers
1:38-39). This made them (after Judah) the second largest Tribe in Israel!
So too, Samson, limping along may have been a little tardy in reaching a place
but when he did his strength ensured him leaving an impression.
Idolatry Traditionally the Tribe of Dan was associated with idolatry.
Jeroboam King of Israel who lead the division from Judah set up two golden bull
calves, one in Beth-el and the other in Dan (1-Kings 12:28-30).
Dan, Depression, and Justice.
The Tribe of Dan was originally in the southwest of Israel between Judah and
Ephraim. A group of 600 Danites left to go north. On their way they abducted a
Levite and an idol belonging to Micah who lived in Migron near Shiloh. Hoping to
retrieve his officiating priest and deity Micah got together a local posse and
pursued the Danites. When he met up with them the Danites warned him to desist
lest "angry fellows" (Judges 18:25)
do him justice. Realizing that discretion is the better part of valor Micah took
their advice. The expression translated as "angry fellows" in Hebrew is "mari-nefesh"
meaning literally "bitter of spirit". This evokes the experience of resentment
over injustices done to them in the recent past. This is also a characteristic
of Dan. A Danite might feel that injustice has been done to him though he is not
always sure exactly what. He also feels for the injustice done to others. This
too reflects the quality of being Dan, of judgement.
This may take an exaggerated dimension. In the USA, Irishmen, secular Jews, and
Quakers of largely Welsh descent all have similar voting patterns.
In the Republic of Ireland (Eire) there are Irishmen who support the Palestinians against the Jews. They like to imagine the Palestinians have been done wrong by.
This is false and the opposite of the truth. It is however a twisted perverted sense of seeking "justice and
judgment" that has become so degraded as to verge on fratricidal adversity to Judah.
In the eyes of the Almighty such transgression may well verge on idolatry!
In the case of the Danites and Micah they were misapplying the principle. It was
as if they were saying, "We have been wronged unjustly in the past and therefore
will not hesitate to wrong you in the present if you pressure us." Prior to this
incident however Scripture has informed us how Micah himself was an idolater and
a thief. Also, Jonathan the Levite was quite happy to be "abducted".
There are features in the story of Samson that tell us something about Dan, the
Messiah and coming Redemption.
We hope to discuss these matters in a future article.
The Tribe of Dan went to Ireland, Britain, Wales, and Denmark. The name "Dan" means "Judgement". Aspects of the Tribal Characteristics and Goals of the Tribe of Dan reflect the search for Justice and Judgement. This was also in general the Purpose for the Ten Tribes being Exiled and Losing their identity. It was due to the Promise to Abraham the forefather. Dan was part of this. Samson the judge-hero came from Dan. Samson also reflects Danite characteristics. The case of Dan has implications for the Ten Tribes as a whole.
Pleased with what you read?
The Brit-Am enterprise is a Biblical work. God willing, they who assist Brit-Am will be blessed.
Brit-Am depends on contributions alongside purchases of our publications
'It is impossible to rightly govern the
world without God or the Bible.'
Brit-Am is the "still small voice" that contains the truth.
[1-Kings 19:12] AND AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE A FIRE; BUT THE LORD WAS NOT IN THE
FIRE: AND AFTER THE FIRE A STILL SMALL VOICE.