Relevance to Brit-Am:
We often get asked questions like the one below. DNA at present cannot
prove Israelite origins or Tribal affiliation BUT in some (not all) cases it may be used to supplement other information.
Re: Hebrew mtdna
I recently took a maternal dna test from familytreedna.com. I did the HVR1 and
HVR2 when the results came back I had 90 Jewish matches 80 Ashkenazi, 6
Sephardic, and 4 Mizrachi. I then contacted The Jewish Agency for Aliyah, they
told me they didn't accept dna as proof of Jewishness. A Jewish friend of mine
told me that in Israel they are dna testing men to find the ones who are
descended from the Cohanin so they will have priests when the 3rd temple is
built. Do you know if this is true, and if so do you know of any agency's that
will help me prove my Jewishness my haplogroup is K1a which according to Dr.
Behar is Ashkenazi.
Thank you in advance for your assistance.
No government agency is using DNA tests for Cohanim or for anything else as far
as I know.
The Cohan Gene is of disputed validity. 50% or more of Cohanim have it but it is
also found in many other peoples most of whom definitely
are not of Israelite origin. The whole subject of DNA needs to be thoroughly
Also research is ongoing. New finds daily appear and opinions change.
A Jew is defined as someone born to a Jewish mother or who has converted to
DNA in itself cannot really prove Jewish descent but it can help.
Perhaps you should supplement the DNA findings with an interest in the origins
of your family according to other sources?
God bless you
2. Interesting Discussion on Origin of
Relevance to Brit-Am:
Discussion provides info of interest, illustrates complexity of the
subject. Extract below is of interest since it shows a possible overlap of Huns,
Parthians, and Khazars.
# Ashkenazi Levites are over 50% R1a1a1*, while something like 3% is more typical for any other Jewish group. ##
No neighboring source contemporary with the Khazar conversion mentions any
Ibn Hurdadbih reported in 902-3 AD that the Khazars are Jews and had been
Al-Masudi gives us a period: 786-809AD
Joseph puts it a little earlier 610AD.
We also get confirmation from a Georgian text which mentions Huns (Honni or
Jews) who crossed over to the land of Bun-Turks. They called Ashkan, Kushan, or
Honk in Armenian chronicles. These are known as Parthians in western sources.
These Jews are described as warriors-cavalrymen...
Essentially we should not equate all Ashkenazi with the Khazar conversion. The
bulk appear to be migrants from the south of the Caucasus and Byzantium.
3. Study suggests that people tend to
associate and make friends with
those who are genetically similar to themselves!
Relevance to Brit-Am:
Suggests that many friendships and associations have their source in a
subconscious recognition of common ancestry.
This has been confirmed by anecdotal evidence.
It sometimes works in the opposite direction i.e. we may choose people different from ourselves.
The extract below illustrates a discussion of the issues involved.
On the whole there is a tendency for those of similar origins to converge together.
We may have more in common with friends than we think we do:
Correlated genotypes in friendship networks
James H. Fowlera,b,1,
Jaime E. Settleb, and
Nicholas A. Christakisc,
It is well known that humans tend to associate with other humans
who have similar characteristics, but it is unclear whether this
tendency has consequences for the distribution of genotypes in
a population. ...Here, we study six available genotypes from the National
Longitudinal Study of Adolescent
Health to test for genetic similarity between friends. Maps of the
friendship networks show clustering of genotypes and, after we
apply strict controls for population stratification, the results show
that one genotype is positively correlated (homophily) and one
genotype is negatively correlated (heterophily). ...These unique results
show that homophily and heterophily obtain on a genetic (indeed,
an allelic) level, which has implications for the study of population
genetics and social behavior.
Humans are unusual as a species in that virtually all individuals
form stable, nonreproductive unions to one or more
friends. Although people apparently choose their friends freely,
genes are known to play a role in the formation (1), attributes
(2?4), and network structures (5) of these unions. ...
Here, we examine whether or not phenotypic similarity between
individuals connected in a social network is reflected in
their genotypes. Associations between the genotypes of connected
individuals are known to result from genetic correlations
between mates or as a result of groupings established on the
basis of kinship (e.g., matrilineal tribal groupings). Indeed, kin
recognition has been shown in a variety of organisms, including
plants (6), ants (7), and vertebrates (8), and is important for
stabilizing cooperation and promoting inclusive fitness benefits
in some species (9).
In humans, one of the most replicated findings in the social
sciences is that people tend to associate with other people that
they resemble, a process known as 'homophily' ('birds of'
a feather flock together') ...
Although it is unlikely that people would observe the actual
genotypes of others around them, they could observe their phenotypes,
and these may be influenced by specific genotypes. For
example, a person of normal weight may choose to associate only
with others of normal weight, and this would cause people lacking
the risk allele of the FTO gene [which has been associated with
obesity (24)] to tend to befriend others with the same genotype.
Similarly, people might choose to terminate relationships with
people whose weight status differs from their own (25).
Third, people may actively choose environments they find
convivial, environments where they are consequently likely to
encounter people with similar phenotypes that are influenced by
specific genotypes. If people tend to choose friends from within
these environments (even at random), it would tend to generate
correlated genotypes. For example, individuals interested in, and
capable of, long-distance running may be drawn to clubs or locations
where they have the opportunity to make similar friends.
Fourth, people may be chosen by others or otherwise selected
into environments where they come into contact with similar
people. For example, the admission process at a university or the
hiring process in a workplace may select for people with specific
phenotypes (e.g., cognitive skills) that are influenced by specific
genotypes. Similarly, these institutions may get rid of individuals
that do not exhibit certain phenotypes after they are admitted, and
these phenotypes might also be influenced by genotypic variation.
In contrast to homophily, people might also exhibit 'heterophily,'
that is, they might actively choose to associate with people'
who are different with respect to some traits ('opposites attract').
It is noteworthy that if there is any substantial negative
correlation between friends, phenotypes or genotypes, this would
be unlikely to result from population stratification or from
people choosing, or being drawn to, the same environment (as in
the case of homophily noted above). Instead, there are two other
processes that might be at work. First, people may actively
choose to befriend people of a different type. The classic example
of this kind of negative correlation at the genetic level
occurs during mate choice; human beings have a slight preference
for mates with different HLA types, a process perhaps
mediated by a chemical signaling mechanism (26). Second, certain
environments may require specialization. For example, some
workplaces may select people with different skills to work together,
and if these traits are related to genotypes, then people
may tend to be frequently exposed to dissimilar people with
whom they may have a higher probability of becoming friends.
There may even be genetic niches within social networks that
promote or inhibit the evolution of certain kinds of social behavior.
The people to whom we are connected provide important
capabilities, from the ability to ward off infections, to the ability
to exploit or transmit useful information, to the ability to reciprocate
cooperative exchanges and thus enhance their payoffs
(35). For example, some individuals might be 'immune' to
whatever pathogen is spreading in a population not because of
their own constitution, but rather because they have come to
surround themselves with others with particular genotypes.
Personality traits associated with being a leader, based in part on
certain genotypes, might best be matched with those in others
associated with being a follower. Or cooperation might most
easily arise and be sustained within social networks and friendship
connections of a particular kind (41). Perhaps genetic
properties of friendship groups might confer fitness advantages
to individuals who choose them.
Pleased with what you read?
The Brit-Am enterprise is a Biblical work.
God willing, they who assist Brit-Am will be blessed.
Brit-Am depends on contributions alongside purchases of our publications
Click Here to make an offering.
Click Here to view our publications.
'It is impossible to rightly govern the
world without God or the Bible.'
Brit-Am is the "still small voice" that contains the truth.
[1-Kings 19:12] AND AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE A FIRE; BUT THE LORD WAS NOT IN THE
FIRE: AND AFTER THE FIRE A STILL SMALL VOICE.