Boys from white working-class backgrounds are doing worse at school than black
teenagers, according to a Conservative Party report.
The document from the party's social justice policy group says only 17% of white
male students gained five or more A*-C grade GCSEs.
That compares with 19% for boys of Caribbean origin, Tories suggest.
It compared the exam performance of boys in receipt of free school meals from
different ethnic backgrounds.
It suggests that social issues, such as a lack of parental support, peer
pressure and family breakdown are contributing to white working-class teenagers'
poor exam results.
But the report adds that black teenage boys are affected by similar factors, yet
are performing marginally better at school.
"The fact that poor children from Chinese and Indian backgrounds, where family
structures are strong and learning is highly valued, outscore so dramatically
children from homes where these values are often missing, suggests that culture
not ethnicity or cash is the key to educational achievement."
2. Cranial differences between Japanese
Samurai and townsfolk.
Tomohito Nagaoka et al.
Evidence for temporal and social differences in cranial dimensions in Edo-period
This study examined the craniometric traits of the Edo-period (AD1603'1867)
human skeletons from the Hitotsubashi site in Tokyo, compared them with
temporally and socially various populations, and attempted to detect the
morphological differentiation patterns that the Edo-period Japanese exhibited
over time and under those social/environmental conditions. The materials
measured here were the townsmen's crania from the Hitotsubashi site, which were
dated back to the early half of the Edo period. The observations revealed that
the Hitotsubashi samples were more dolichocephalic than any other Edo series and
were different from subsequent Edo series in terms of larger maximum cranial
length and smaller maximum cranial breadth. The Hitotsubashi samples were
definitely in contrast with those of Tentokuji and Shirogane, both of which
included a samurai (warrior) class of the late to final Edo period and exhibited
the most brachycephalic crania. It is reasonable to assume that the temporal and
social situations were possibly related to the observed cranial variation and
that the temporal changes in cranial dimensions in pre-modern Japan might have
reflected the nutritional and environmental conditions.
3. Is Ginger More Sensitive? Why Surgeons Dread Redheads
By Meredith Melnick Extracts:
As the authors of a recent study published in BMJ attest, society's red-haired
members don't always get a fair shake. Hoary stereotypes, such as the idea that
redheads are also hot heads, are mixed together with actual physiological
differences ' such as a heightened sensitivity to pain. Now science is getting a
better understanding of redheaded physiology than ever before.
In numerical terms, people with red hair are a decided minority. They comprise
just 2-6% of the population of the northern hemisphere and 1-2% worldwide. It's
genetics that make them such rare birds.
The carrot-top coloration is caused by a gene on chromosome 16 that affects the
melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) protein, which often leads to the redheads'
characteristic pale skin and light eyes, as well as a sensitivity to ultraviolet
light ' which is why they must slather on the sunscreen when they go outside.
Because the gene is recessive, both parents must carry it in order for a
red-haired child to be born. That's not difficult ' 80% of the global population
carries the redheaded gene even most if they do so invisibly.
For those few who do have the redhead phenotype, the physical challenges go
beyond the occasional sunburn ' something that surgeons well know. And that's
what the BMJ authors sought to explore in their meta-analysis, or survey of the
existing scientific literature
Operating room docs, for example, have long reported that redheads appear to
need more anesthetic than others. The new study suggests that observation is an
accurate one ' mostly. Those with the MC1R mutation are more sensitive to opiate
pain killers ' which means they'd actually need less ' but less sensitive to
other types, most notably lidocaine injections. One study which used
heat-related pain as its litmus of overall sensitivity showed that redheads
indeed felt things more acutely and unpleasantly, probably because the MC1R
mutation releases a hormone that stimulates a brain receptor associated with
Overall, the researchers concluded that even if redheads require a little extra
handling on the operating table, trepidation among surgeons had more to do with
stereotypes than with clinical evidence."It would seem that the reputation of
people with red hair for having increased perioperative risk is without any
basis in fact and should only be used as an excuse of last resort by surgeons
defending problematic bleeding or recurrent hernias," concluded authors, Andrew
L Cunningham and Christopher P Jones.
'It is impossible to rightly govern the
world without God or the Bible.'
Brit-Am is the "still small voice" that contains the truth.
[1-Kings 19:12] AND AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE A FIRE; BUT THE LORD WAS NOT IN THE
FIRE: AND AFTER THE FIRE A STILL SMALL VOICE.