Strong Maternal Khoisan Contribution to the South African Coloured
Population: A Case of Gender-Biased Admixture.
Quintana-Murci L, Harmant C, Quach H, Balanovsky O, Zaporozhchenko V,
Bormans C, van Helden PD, Hoal EG, Behar DM.
....Historical records and recent autosomal data indicate that the South
African Coloured population forms a unique highly admixed population, resulting
from the encounter of different peoples from Africa, Europe, and Asia.
However, little is known about the mode by which this admixed population was
recently founded. Here we show, through detailed phylogeographic analyses of
mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome variation in a large sample of South African
Coloured individuals, that this population derives from at least five different
parental populations (Khoisan, Bantus, Europeans, Indians, and Southeast
Asians), who have differently contributed to the foundation of the South African
Coloured. In addition, our analyses reveal extraordinarily unbalanced
gender-specific contributions of the various population genetic components, the
most striking being the massive maternal contribution of Khoisan peoples (more
than 60%) andthe almost negligible maternal contribution of Europeans with
respect to their paternal counterparts. The overall picture of gender-biased
admixture depicted in this study indicates that the modern South African
Coloured population results mainly from the early encounter of European and
African males with autochthonous Khoisan females of the Cape of Good Hope around
350 years ago.
2. The Irish - more Spanish than Celtic'
Date: Tue, 13 Apr 2010 06:42:24 -0400 (EDT)
Despite the widely held belief that the Irish are descended from Celts who
invaded Ireland about 2,500 years ago, a 2004 genetic research study at Trinity
College, Dublin (TCD) appears to argue against it.
The Celtic cultural heritage in Ireland is prolific and informs the common
perceptions and beliefs about the national identity and its origins. From
traditional cultural sources in language, legend and literature the Celtic
influence is strong and can also be found in contemporary culture such as Enya
and the Afro Celt Sound System. The research however suggests that our blood if
not also some (at least) of our culture can or should be attributed to wider
origins: Spain, Portugal, Scandinavia and North Africa.
The study, conducted by Dr. Dan Bradley and Brian McEvoy, a Ph.D student
conducted this genetic study with the support of the Irish government to
determine 'whether there was a large incursion by Celtic people 2,500 years ago'
as is widely believed.
They found that the Irish samples matched those around Britain and the Pyrenees
in Spain. There were some matches in Scandinavia and parts of North Africa.
The TCD study produced a map of Europe with contours linking places that are
genetically similar. One contour goes around the edge of the Atlantic touching
Wales, Scotland, Ireland, and includes Galicia in Spain as well as the Basque
Some archaeologists also doubt that there was a Celtic invasion because few of
their artifacts have been found in Ireland.
The findings are published in The American Journal of Human Genetics at the
University of Chicago.
King Tutankhamen and a Jewish R1b Variant' From: GAshley923@aol.com
Scotti Dictionary definition of Scotti | Encyclopedia.com: ...
Writers of the pseudo-history Lebor Gabala [Book of Invasions] claimed that the
Scotti were descended from Queen Scota of Egypt. ...
The 18th Dynasty Haplotype corresponds most likely to European R1b-ht15.
These values already triggered discussion. The Whit Athey algorithm clearly
predicts haplogroup R1b at a probability of 100%. The rare value 10 at DYS439 is
definitely an outlier, but in internet fora (DNA-Forums and Rootsweb) experts on
the field, not all of them just enthusiastic and highly motivated hobbyists,
speculated the haplotype most of all mirrors the Western European R1b-ht15
subclades, commonly defined by a fairly 'recent' SNP, labeled P310. The
ancestral counterpart of R1b in Africa (that is considered ancestral and in
Africa typically identifies with SNP R1b-V88, contender for being a possible
Hamitic marker) or the Levant, was readily dismissed for being an unlikely
candidate. This means, the Y-DNA profile of Tut's dynasty presents
characteristics that were never typical to Africa, the Levant nor Egypt.
Instead, the current low occurrences of Egyptian ht15 are commonly attributed to
the classical period and up to modern times, when European influences coerced on
Egypt through Rome and other historic entities from that same direction. At
least one similar haplogroup was found among Jews, whose corresponding SNPs are
labeled U152 and L4 (downstream R1b-ht15), albeit a considerable genetic
distance to modal values strongly suggests an origin that is older than the
How a European haplotype, having possible Jewish connotations, could have
entered the Egyptian royal house to begin with? This doesn't look like an issue
an Egyptian team would be eager to investigate: Starting with the political and
religious animosities between Israel and Egypt, being nowadays part of the Arab
world. The biblical history of the pharaoh who promoted Joseph's rise to
authority (Genesis 41:39-46) and subsequent claims of an important role of the
Jewish people in Egypt until Exodus, already kindled debate on the Egyptian
influence in the origin of monotheism. The biblical account comes close to a
complete takeover. Genesis chapter 47.
4."Aunty": 600-year old Maori woman's
The face of a Maori woman who died on the Wairau bar in Marlborough more than
600 years ago has been revealed using digital technology.
Skulls found on the Wairau Bar in 1939 have been used to help digitally recreate
the faces of the people who once lived there.
Local iwi Rangitane have affectionately renamed the woman as "aunty".
5. Study: Isolated Finns have unique
genes Finns genetically closer to Dutch than Hungarians
Finns have been found to form a unique genetic island between Eastern and
The Finnish genetic makeup differs clearly from that of other European
nations, says a new genetic atlas compiled by the Institute for Molecular
Medicine Finland FIMM.
'There have been influences from both the east, west, and south', says
FIMM researcher Samuli Ripatti.
'However, we have been isolated here to such a degree that the genotype
has become unique.'
Eastern influence has come mainly from the area that is now Estonia.
Finns are genetically closer to the Estonians than they are to the
Russians, who are represented on the map by residents of the Moscow area.
Information from East Karelia will become available later this year, which might
change the picture somewhat.
However, Ripatti says that the strongest influence in the Finnish genome
comes from the west, via Sweden.
The study shows that nations who speak languages that are related to each other
are not necessarily close genetically.
Finnish genes are closer to those of the Dutch than they are to those of
the Hungarians, whose language is related to Finnish. Ripatti adds that
genetically, the Swedes and Estonians are approximately equally close to the
Janne Saarikivi, Acting Professor of Finno-Ugric Languages at the
University of Helsinki, does not see this as surprising.
'For instance, the genetic differences between the Finns and the
Hungarians have been known for a long time. The languages have the same origin,
but they have spread through different routes than the genes. This is quite
common in history. For instance, hundreds of thousands of descendants of
Swedish-speakers in Finland speak Finnish.'
There are striking genetic differences between dialect zones in Finland.
The residents of Kainuu in the northeast, and Finland Proper in the
southwest are genetically more different than the Swedes are from the British.
The Helsinki region has an unusually great mixture of genetic material. He
also emphasises that differences in national character cannot be directly
derived from genetic heritage.
'However, people in the West of Finland are slightly taller than those
from the east. There are also differences in the frequency of heart disease.
Some of them can be explained by genes', Ripatti says.
The gene map was drawn up in connection with health examinations of 40,000
volunteers. The data from foreign countries came from health researchers of the
The data helps in the study of the genetic background of diseases
prevalent to Finland.
The project was guided by the recently deceased geneticist Leena
Above is a genetic map of the study, copied from the Helsingin Sanomat article:
http://dna-forums.com/index.php'/topic/11248-isolated-finns-have-unique-genes/ This map is a
bit difficult to understand so we may be mistaken.
It would seem that the Finns of Swedish origin (Ruotsi?)
are almost identical to the Dutch and close to the British.
The Finns Proper (Suomi')
are as close (or a bit closer') to the British and Dutch as they are to the
The influence of the Lapps (especially in Kainuu)
may account for some of the other DNA distance?
[If we are mistaken we hope that someone from Finland or elsewhere will correct
It is interesting to note that the female mtDNA
of the Lapps is the same as of the Berber females n North Africa!!
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