BAMAD no.57

 DNA and 
 Anthropology Updates 

Updates in DNA studies along with Anthropological Notes of general interest with a particular emphasis on points pertinent to the study of Ancient Israelite Ancestral Connections to Western Peoples as explained in Brit-Am studies.


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BAMAD no. 57
Brit-Am Anthropology and DNA Update
28 July 2009, 8 Av 5769
1. 2 Major Irish and Scottish DNA Groupings
2.URL with Useful Links
3. Atlantic Modal Haplotype
4. The British Isles : The Conquerors were the same men but different women?
5. Reconstructing Indian-Australian phylogenetic link
6. European MtDNA Percentages by Country
7. Blonde Australian Aboriginals

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1. 2 Major Irish and Scottish DNA Groupings

(a) Nial: Northwest Ireland and Lowland Scotland

R-M222 Haplogroup Project (formerly the R1b1c7 Project)

Group Administrator: David Wilson - Email:
- Email:

Project Surnames

M222+, R1b1b2a2e, R1b1b2e, R1b1c7

(b) Irish Type 3
Considered a branch of the AMH (Atlantic Modal Haplotype)
Predominates in southwest of the Center of Ireland, also found throughout the west but is rare in the east.
Identified with Gaelic Dalcassian families descendants of CAS (born ca. 347 CE).

2.URL with Useful Links:
Basic Tutorial on DNA research - DNA Heritage

An excellent primer on cells, chromosomes and DNA - Nancy Custer

Quick Overview of DNA testing and what it can tell you

Is the Answer in your Genes? - Debbie Kennett

I have the results of my Genetic Testing, Now What? - by Blaine T. Bettinger, Ph.D.

Introduction to Genetics and Genealogy - Charles Kerchner

Glossary of DNA Terms - ISOGG

Wikipedia - Haplogroup R1b - Wikipedia

SNPedia - More info on SNPs

Haplogroup Predictor - Jim Cullen

Haplotype Predictor - Whit Athey

R1b Genealogy Page - John McEwan

R1b Modal Haplotypes - Ken Nordtvedt

R1b1c Subclades - David Faux

DNA 463 Nomenclature - Thomas Krahn email

Dalcassian Paper at JoGG - Dennis Wright

Supplementary Data for JoGG Paper - Dennis Wright

Historical Memoir of the O'Briens - John O'Donoghue 1860 (Read on-line or 22Mb pdf Download)

Super Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype - Terry Barton

Northwest Irish Variety of Y-DNA Haplogroup R - David Wilson

Eoganacht or "South Irish" cluster - Tim Desmond

R1b DNA and subclades yDNA Haplogroup Project - Charles Kerchner

Genetic Genealogy Link Page - Ron Scott


Ysearch Database

Sorensen (SMGF) Database

STR Marker Conversions

3. Atlantic Modal Haplotype
The AMH is the most frequently occurring haplotype amongst human males in Atlantic Europe.
The AMH is one of the best-characterized of the modal haplotypes of the R1b haplogroup. This haplotype reaches the highest frequencies in the Iberian Peninsula and in the British Isles. It reaches 33% in Portugal.

4. The British Isles : The Conquerors were the same men but different women?
Brit-Am Comment:
This article is somewhat complicated for the layman. Its conclusions are now only partially accepted.
It says that the Viking Invasions were they settled did leave a mark on the local male population.
Right up unto then however all over invasions from the Stone Age right through the Celtic Iron Age
had the same haplotypes but their women did not.
Basque males similar to British Celts.
The Anglo-Saxons (and Frisians)   are problematic occupying a position closer to the Celts but also
somewhat similar to the Vikings.

5. Reconstructing Indian-Australian phylogenetic link

BioMed Central, 22 July 2009
   An early dispersal of biologically and behaviorally modern humans from their African origins to Australia, by at least 45 thousand years via southern Asia has been suggested by studies based on morphology, archaeology and genetics. However,
mtDNA lineages sampled so far from south Asia, eastern Asia and Australasia show non-overlapping distributions of haplogroups within pan Eurasian M and N macrohaplogroups. Likewise, support from the archaeology is still ambiguous.

   In our completely sequenced 966-mitochondrial genomes from 26 relic tribes of India, we have identified seven genomes, which share two synonymous polymorphisms with the M42
haplogroup, which is specific to Australian Aborigines.

   Our results showing a shared
mtDNA lineage between Indians and Australian Aborigines provides direct genetic evidence of an early colonization of Australia through south Asia, following the "southern route".

6. European MtDNA Percentages by Country

A very useful URL.
Also has a chart showing the interrelationships of England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland all almost the same.
All European nations fairly similar to each other.
Finland, Estonia, Latvia have higher percentages of U (ca. 35%) compared to nations such as Wales at 10% buy Belgium, France, and the Ukraine also have high proportions of U (ca. 20%).
A Superficial examination notes no major differences from which ancestral differences may be concluded.

7. Blonde Australian Aboriginals

Article is interesting but does not really say much other than that blondness amongst Australian Aborigines is almost certainly a native trait (and not due to European admixture) and has genetic characteristics of its own.

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