BAMAD no.43

 DNA and 
 Anthropology Updates 

Updates in DNA studies along with Anthropological Notes of general interest with a particular emphasis on points pertinent to the study of Ancient Israelite Ancestral Connections to Western Peoples as explained in Brit-Am studies.


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Brit-Am Anthropology and DNA Update
1. YDNA Traces Phoenician Colonization?
2. YDNA: Japanese and Tibetans are of same stock and related to Africans!
3. Origins, age, spread and ethnic association of European haplogroups and subclades
4. DNA: East Eurasian Origin of Many Norwegians?
Map of Geographic Outline of Religious Affiliation in the USA

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1. YDNA Traces Phoenician Colonization?

Phoenicians Left Deep Genetic Mark, Study Shows
[forwarded by P J Gilchrist]

One In 17 Men In Mediterranean Basin May Have A Phoenician As Direct Male-line Ancestor:
 [forwarded by Jim Wright]

Identifying Genetic Traces of Historical Expansions:
Phoenician Footprints in the Mediterranean

See also:

2. YDNA: Japanese and Tibetans are of same stock and related to Africans!
Y chromosome evidence of earliest modern human settlement
in East Asia and multiple origins of Tibetan and Japanese

Brit-Am Impressions of Above Paper:
Japanese-Tibetans are both 30-40% D-M174 (sub-group of African E).
Elsewhere in Central Asia, North Asia, Middle East D-M174  found at under 5%.
Japanese version of DE differs from Tibetan.
Andaman Islanders have 56%  D-M174 which is also found at lower frequencies in some Tibeto-Burmese and Hmong groups.
Study shows links to Africa.
O3-M122 (East Asian, Han Chinese) also found in both Japanese and Tibetans

3. Origins, age, spread and ethnic association of European haplogroups and subclades
[Good overall outline of present conventional DNA explanations]

4. DNA: East Eurasian Origin of Many Norwegians?
Clan Donald USA
Genetic Genealogy Project

R1a1:  The Haplogroup of Somerled

R1a1, the extremely dominant subdivision of R1a, probably arose about 15,000 years ago in the people who lived just south of the glaciers then dominating Eurasia. It's exact original location is controversial, with proposals ranging from Ukraine in the west to Kazakhstan in the east. See Dennis Garvey's discussion. All the proposals do center on the wide grasslands that sweep across this part of the world, where peoples associated with the origin of the Indo-European language family and the domestication of the horse spread it widely. Today it is very dominant in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and is prominent in northern India, Kyrgyzstan, and the Slavic countries of Eastern Europe.

It is also the group of the Clan leaders of the Clan Donald. However, our leaders and almost all other R1a1 men in our Clan do not come, at least not recently, from southern Asia or the Slavic lands. We can tell this because our haplotypes have some very characteristic features which differ from the common patterns elsewhere. These are the pattern 25-15 at DYS390 and DYS19, and more importantly 16-8 at 458 and 459a (the 10 at 459b is very common), and most importantly of all the 21 at YCAII-b. Slavic, Polish, German, and South Asian R1a1 is normally 23 at YCAIIb. Our pattern is seen almost exclusively in Norway, adjacent parts of Scandinavia (though not Denmark), Iceland, and the parts of Highland Scotland and the Western Isles where it is associated mostly with the Clan Donald itself. This pattern of the "Norse R1a1" as it is best called has lead to the deduction that it came to Scotland with the Norse Vikings (not Danish Vikings). When tied with our Clan history and the very name "Somerled", which is the English version of the Gaelic version of a Norse word meaning "Viking" , this becomes a near certainty.

But how it got it Norway is also an interesting subject, with very romantic speculations dominating. The Norse Sagas imply an eastern origin. When our dominant haplotype is put into Family Tree Dna's Recent Ancestral Origins database search, one naturally finds most close matches in Norway, England, Scotland, and India. When one takes into account not the absolute numbers but rather the percentages found in each area one finds a great excess in Central Asia, in the Russian Altai (southern Siberia) and thereabouts. Could this indicate that the olds stories are true? Only more extensive testing, especially of DYS 459, 459, and YCAII, can tell. There are no sub-divisions of R1a1 that are of any significance.

5. Map of Geographic Outline of Religious Affiliation in the USA
237 - Regionalism and Religiosity
Religious Diastribution in the USA.
Ethnic considerations e.g. Methodists - Welsh, Lutherans German and Scandinavian

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