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One isolated clade (or clades) of Y chromosomes that appear to belong to Haplogroup R1b1* (P25-derived) is found at high frequency among the native populations of northern Cameroon in west-central Africa, which is believed to reflect a prehistoric back-migration of an ancient proto-Eurasian population into Africa; some researchers have reported having also detected Haplogroup T Y-chromosomes at a low frequency among some of these Cameroonian populations, which also suggests a Eurasian affinity. Some Y-chromosomes that appear to be closely related to the northern Cameroonian R1b1* are found at a substantial frequency among the modern population of Egypt. Many modern populations of northern Cameroon speak Chadic languages, which are classified as an ancient branch of the Afro-Asiatic superfamily of languages; the now extinct language of the Ancient Egyptians also belonged to the same superfamily.
We know Neill lived in the fifth century CE, and there have been a series of mutational changes in the faster YDNA "stammer" since that time. If we look at the YDNA of the O'Neills and the Geoghegans and the Higgins and the host of other clans that we see descended from him, we can see that the stammer mutates every hundred or two hundred years. Instead of taking this aspect seriously and matching the genealogical record of Ireland with the actual YDNA tests, which show the rate of change as much faster than anticipated, some academics have even disputed his existence rather than face the fact that the evolutionary model is wrong and artificially extended. The proper test is to set up the known genealogies and measure each stammer of each lineage. The time-frame is known exactly.
The other perfect test example is Genghis Khan, who is the most prolific sire the world has produced. Neill only runs in second place.
It has also been shown recently that radiation affects the mtDNA change rates. The experiments were conducted using areas of natural radiation and a low-level radiation control.
The experiments were conducted in Kerala, India. Until recently, scientists have assumed that radiation only caused lesions on the DNA, but it is now beyond doubt that variations in the natural radiation over time have caused mutations in the human mtDNA at frequencies as much as one or two generations.
Science has now demonstrated that some 8% of human DNA is obtained from bacteria and retro-viruses and those changes can occur overnight. For example, a village gets a virus and that changes the DNA structure literally within 24 hours (cf. ABC Catalyst program on Viral and Bacterial Changes to DNA).
With the similarities in DNA and the presence of Australian Aborigine Skeletons in California, Panama and Tierre del Fuego- some of which are 40,000 years old, suggests that not only did Aborigines sail to Australia, but their seafaring adventures took them right across the Pacific! This clearly infers that there was a period of massive aboriginal population expansion by sea 40-50,000 years ago - north to the Marianas and East to the Americas.
...evidence of Giganthropus - 750,000 year old giant hominid living in Australia, near the Murrimbidgee river, where 25kg axe heads have been found
The Na Dene [Amerindian] language also has many similarities with Ainu [Japanese natives] language