1. Archaeology: Brit-Am Version of
Explorator 14.41. From: david meadows <email@example.com>
Czech archaeologists have located a long-lost Meroe-era temple in the
ANCIENT NEAR EAST AND EGYPT
Plenty of coverage of the translation of a cuneiforum tablet with some
ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME (AND CLASSICS)
A mysterious Roman structure from Venta Icenorum:
ASIA AND THE SOUTH PACIFIC
Pondering the origin of a jade tool found in New Guinea:
CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA
A stalagmite study suggests climate change affected ancient Mesoamericans:
Researchers from Germany and the United States suggest that the European
conquest triggered the loss of more than half the Native American population.
The results of their study provide new insight into the demise of the indigenous
population. Experts recognise that Native Americans died while at war or due to
diseases when Europeans first arrived in the Americas; the question this latest
study addresses is how the overall population was impacted by the conquest.
Extensive genetic analysis proved that a transient contraction in population
sizes by some 50% occurred approximately 500 years ago. The findings
substantiate historical records indicating how the European settlers impacted
the peoples of North and South America: diseases, wars, famine and slavery all
played a part. The study was presented in the journal Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
Using the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of Native American women in North and
South America, a two-man research team from the Gotingen University in Germany
and the University of Washington in the United States drew up a family tree of
contemporary and ancient Native peoples.
Overall, 137 mitochondrial genomes and 63 old subsequences of this genome were
assessed. The researchers pointed out that the mitochondrial genome is passed on
through the maternal lineage. ... About 500 years ago later, the population
shrank by half.
"These losses were not limited to specific regions, but rather distributed
across both American continents, with the severest impacts occurring in the most
densely populated regions," said Dr. Lars Fehren-Schmitz of the Gotingen
University. This decline did not last very long; the indigenous population
started to grow again quite quickly. "This new population growth suggests that
the cause of the decline can only be attributable to fast- and short-acting
factors, for example, from diseases brought over by the Europeans in combination
with war and famine, and was not due to centuries-long processes, as is commonly
assumed," he added.
Said Brendan O'Fallon of the University of Washington: 'We really saw a big,
sudden decrease in population among the Native Americans about 500 years ago.
That's, of course, right when the Europeans first arrived. It was sort of a new
line of evidence that, really, confirmed, I think, what a lot of people's
previous suspicions were but maybe hadn't really been documented in this one
"The basic idea behind that is that when a population size is fairly small, lots
of people tend to share the same ancestors at about the same time. The bigger
the population size, the longer it takes everyone to find a common ancestor. So,
the tree is just overall bigger."
3. Archaeology: Brit-Am Version of
From: david meadows <firstname.lastname@example.org>
ANCIENT NEAR EAST AND EGYPT
Trying to decide whether that stuff the Sumerians drank actually was beer:
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