EUROPE AND THE UK (+ Ireland)
Finds from various stone age periods on Cyprus:
On the beneficial effects of breastfeeding in 19th century Montreal:
2. The Amerindian Tragedy.
POSTED TO H-HOLOCAUST and H-ANTISEMITISM
From: "William Rubinstein [wdr]"
The treatment of Native Americans by whites was obviously appalling and
shameful, but it simply cannot be compared with the Nazi Holocaust. The
total population of Indians in the USA probably declined from about 2
million in 1776 to about 350,000 in 1900 (it is now about 4 million). But
the number of Indians killed by whites has been reliably estimated at no
more than 53,500 during the period 1775- 1894 (with 19,000 whites killed
by Indians). The rest of the decline was due to the introduction of
virulent diseases to which Indians had no immunity, the disappearance of
buffalo stock, societal depression, alcoholism, and "disappearance" by
being absorbed by intermarriage with whites and blacks. Much the same
thing happened to Australian Aborigines and other indigenous peoples-
there was certainly no deliberate policy of genocide, however unfairly
Indians were treated. As to the slave trade, the whole point was to keep
slaves alive, not kill them. It is generally estimated that about 15 per
cent of slaves died on the "Middle Passage." African slaves were
invariably captured and sold to Europeans by other African tribes and
their chiefs. European slave traders never ventured inland or away from
the coast- inland they were likely to die of malaria etc. or be killed.
Bill is more or less right in principle, but his numbers for Indians killed
by whites is way too low. For the Five Civilized Tribes alone, each lost
1/4-1/3 of their total population during or as a consequence of their
forced migration (ethnic cleansing) of the 1830s-40s. Just because they
weren't shot doesn't mean they weren't killed -- just as a Jew who "died"
of typhus in Theresienstadt was killed by the Nazis.
University of Portland--Salzburg Austria Center
3. Archaeology: Brit-Am Version of
From: david meadows <email@example.com>
Interesting feature on Gedi (Kenya):
ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME (AND CLASSICS)
Interesting cockerel figurine from Cirencester:
Some antiquities thieves (apparently) vandalized a site associated with the
Bar Kokhba revolt:
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