1. Which Tribe for Each Country?
Notes Towards Criteria to Determine the Tribal Identity of Every Israelite
Criteria Employed Until Now.
(1. Correspondence between position of country in relation to other Israelite
States as compared to location of Tribe vis-a-vis other Israelite Tribes in the
Wilderness Encampment and in the Land of Israel.
(2. Similarity of Names of Israelite Peoples who settled in country to names
of Tribe and Tribal Clans.
(3. National Characteristics as compared to Tribal Character as found in Bible,
Rabbinical Statements, and Major Commentators.
(4. National Symbols and popular representations etc as compared to Israelite
Tribal Emblems, colors, totem animals, etc.
(5. Bible Code Indications. Not used as a priori evidence but rather to confirm
and enhance results achieved through the 4 previous methods listed above.
Indications of Scripture: Biblical Evidence predicting whereto the Lost Ten
Tribes would go, what type of religion and government they would have, etc.
Groundwork: Historical, Archaeological, and Related Proofs showing paths of
migration. See Jeremiah 31:21. Dolmens showing Pathway of Migration Jeremiah
Judah: Affinity with the Jews. : This entails proven feelings of kinship and
sympathy with the Jews and a Relative Lack of Anti-Semitism when compared with
others. This holds true even though Prophecy (Isaiah 11:13) also indicates that
a certain degree of tension would always exist almost to the end between
"Ephraim" and Judah.
Originality: Innovation and Intellect: A minimal degree of national Intellectual
Wisdom and Honesty, cf. Deuteronomy 4:6.
Bravery: Proven Military Prowess in the past at least and at present in
potential, see Deuteronomy 33:29.
Empathy: The Doing of Social Justice.
Abraham was blessed to become a great and mighty nation that his descendants
might do "justice and judgement" see Genesis 18:19.
Family Connection: The identified group should have proven "ethnic" links to at
least one of the other identified groups so that the proofs of one may be
applied to the other.
Tribal Affiliation: The Exiled Israelites were destined to settle in groups
retaining much of their original Tribal cohesion or later through some kind of
"homing" instinct members of the same Tribe tended to converge together. See
Isaiah 11:12 and the Midrash. We should therefore be able to at least
tentatively identify specific national groups with specific Israelite Tribes and
show how the Tribal Characteristics came through.
2. Tribal identification and Bible Code
We use Bible Code Indications to confirm and enhance results achieved through
the 4 previous methods listed above. #1. Which Tribe for Each Country? The Bible Code Indications are not used as a priori evidence for several
reasons including our own lack of expertise in their correct usage.
Here are some results of Bible Code Indications as compared to present Brit-Am
identifications and our own evaluation of their validity.
Switzerland - new results (not yet published) are indirectly indicative but not
For most of our identifications the Bible Codes have provided confirmation.
It should be remembered that we began to use the Codes a good few years after we
had made the identifications and published them in "The Tribes".
It must also be remarked that in no case have really deep examinations been
made. We ran the tests at the simplest level possible. In most cases, what
immediately jumped to our attention we noted and then kept going.
The exceptions for which results are poor or non-existent are:
Ireland and the Tribe of Asher could use more confirmation.
Norway and Gad need confirmation. So far no indications whatsoever have been
Belgium and Switzerland are also problematic.
(a) Not to be Conscripted with the Other
Tribes. The Tribe of Levi consisted of Priests (Cohens) and Levites. They were
to received the first tithe, other offerings, and dwellings in cities scattered
throughout the other tribes of Israel.
1 The priests, the Levites, all the tribe of Levi, shall have no part nor
inheritance with Israel; they shall eat the offerings of the LORD made by fire,
and His portion. 2 Therefore they shall have no inheritance among their
brethren; the LORD is their inheritance, as He said to them.
The Levites were also not to receive any part of the booty taken in war.
Consequently they were also not obligated to go out to war with the rest of
Israel (Sifrei, Shoftim).
This did not necessarily apply to wars of defence and survival but more to wars
of expansion and foreign policy.
The Torah Legislation distinguished between Commanded Wars that were necessary
and Optional Wars.
As far as Optional Wars were concerned the Levites were not to be included in
the conscription of the other tribes.
Nevertheless, a Levite who volunteered to serve in the Armed Forces probably
would have been allowed to do so.
We find Banaiah son of the High Priest Yehoyada. Banaiah (2-Samuel 8:18) was an
important soldier in the service of David.
He was the head of the Cherethi and Pleti mercenaries and at times in charge of
the whole the Army.
20 Benaiah was the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man from Kabzeel, who
had done many deeds. He had killed two lion-like heroes of Moab. He also had
gone down and killed a lion in the midst of a pit on a snowy day. 21 And he
killed an Egyptian, a spectacular man. The Egyptian had a spear in his hand; so
he went down to him with a staff, wrested the spear out of the Egyptian's hand,
and killed him with his own spear. 22 These things Benaiah the son of Jehoiada
did, and won a name among three mighty men. 23 He was more honored than the
thirty, but he did not attain to the first three. And David appointed him over
5 The third captain of the army for the third month was Benaiah, the son of
Jehoiada the priest, who was chief; in his division were twenty-four thousand. 6
This was the Benaiah who was mighty among the thirty, and was over the thirty;
in his division was Ammizabad his son.
(b) Not to be Kings.
Nachmanides (VaYechi) discusses a tradition whereby the Levites were not to
Monarchs could be appointed from any of the Israelite Tribes except that of
Levi. The Hasmonean (Maccabees) were however Cohens from the Tribe of Levi.
They did what they had to do because it needed to be done. Nevertheless several
of them died violent deaths and eventually their line was extirpated.
This may have been due to their taking upon themselves a task that rightfully
belonged to the other Tribes.