In the 18th century, historians discovered exciting proof of Phoenician-Celtic
ties. An ancient Roman dramatist, Titus Maccius Plautus (died 184 B.C.) wrote a
play, the Penulus in which he placed then current Phoenician into the speech of
one of his characters. In the 18th century, linguists noticed the great
similarity between that Phoenician and the early Irish Celtic language. In the
adjacent box is a sample given by historian Thomas Moore's, History of Ireland,
showing the connection between these languages. Leading 18th and 19th century
scholars, such as Gen. Charles Vallancey, Lord Rosse, and Sir William Betham,
also wrote on this subject. Vallancey, for instance, speaks of, 'The great
affinity found in many words, nay whole lines and sentences of this speech,
between the Punic [Phoenician] and the Irish.' Famed historian, George
Rawlinson, added that this and other inscriptions are 'READILY EXPLICABLE, IF
HEBREW BE ASSUMED AS THE KEY TO THEM, BUT NOT OTHERWISE.'(Phoenicia, p. 327)
THE SIMILARITY BETWEEN THE EARLY IRISH-CELTIC AND THE SECOND CENTURY, B.C.,
HEBREW- PHOENICIAN LANGUAGE, AS SHOWN BY THE PENULUS OF PLAUTUS:
PHOENICIAN OF PLAUTUS:
Byth lym mo thym nociothii nel ech an ti daisc machon
Ys i do iebrim thyfe lyth chy lya chon temlyph ula.
Beth liom' mo thime nociaithe, niel ach an ti dairie mae coinne
Is i de leabhraim tafach leith, chi lis con teampluibh ulla.
The division of time into a seven-day week was practiced by the Irish Celts,
identical to the Hebrews. Dr Thomas Moore comments that no other nation kept
such a hebdomadal (seven day) cycle 'excepting only among the family of
Abraham,' (ibid., p. 54) a remarkable proof of identity between the two peoples!
Celtic scholar, Sir John Rhys, gives strong evidences of Hebrew colonization of
the British isles in ancient times. 'lreland was known as IBERION,' he says. (p.
201) The ancient name of the Israelites was Ibri or Iberi (modern Hebrew), which
is derived from the name, 'EBER', or 'HEBER', an ancestor and patriarch of that
people. Sir John continues, '...in Ireland it was Ivernii in Ptolomy's time; and
he mentions a town there called Ivernis, and a river Ivernios. To these may be
added various forms of the name of the island such as Juvenal's luuerna,
distorted more usually by the Romans into Hibernia. THEIR EPONYMOUS ANCESTOR ...
is variously called EBER, Emer, and HEBER.' (ibid., p. 262-3)
3 . Rabbeinu Bachai (ca. 1340 CE) on the
Future Return of the Ten Tribes.
Bahye ben Asher ibn Halawa also known as Rabbeinu Behaye (ca. 1340) was a rabbi
and scholar of Judaism.
He is considered by Jewish scholars to be one of the most distinguished of the
Biblical exegetes of Spain.
He lived in Zaragossa, in Aragon, i.e. northern SPAIN.
1 Now it shall come to pass, when all these things come upon you, the blessing
and the curse which I have set before you, and you call them to mind among all
the nations where the LORD your God drives you, 2 and you return to the LORD
your God and obey His voice, according to all that I command you today, you and
your children, with all your heart and with all your soul,
3 that the LORD your God will bring you back from captivity, and have compassion
on you, and gather you again from all the nations where the LORD your God has
# drives you. These are the Ten Tribes.
#from all the nations...has scattered you. These are those of Judah and
Benjamin. Concerning both of them God promised that they are destined to return
in the Latter Days.
The Ten Tribes will return with their king from their place of settlement.
The Tribes of Judah and Benjamin [i.e. the Jews] will return from the places
they were scattered unto throughout the world. #
This commentary accords with Rabbinical Biblical Understanding. The Jews,
consisting primarily of Judah and Benjamin, were scattered everywhere. The Ten
Tribes were driven out but more or less remained together and are to be found in
The two entities will remain separate until the End Times. They will then
The Ten Tribes will be led by a Messiah of their own known as the Anointed
Leader of Joseph (Mashiach ben Yosef).
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