|Contents by Subject||
Contents in Alphabetical Order
1. British Intervention on Behalf of the
Jews of Bagdad, Iraq (ca. 1880s-1890s?).
A Forgotten Incident.
Source: BeIkvot Avotaynu (In the Footsteps of our Forefathers) by Menachem Gaitz, vol.4 Jerusalem 5743.
At that time Iraq was part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. The leading Rabbi of Iraq was
Rabbi Yosef Chaim (1832 - 1909) author of the work on Ben Ish Chai.
Due to a plague the authorities forbade burial inside Bagdad of those who had died outside of it. A leading rabbi chanced to be outside of the city when he passed away. Requests were made and an exception was allowed for the rabbi to be buried in a Jewish cemetery on the outskirts of the city. In the course of the burial the mourners were attacked by armed ruffians from a neighboring village. The Jews defended themselves and several of the Arabs were wounded.The mayor of the village complained to the local governor who was known for his hatred of Jews. The Jews were accused of rebellion against the military authorities responsible for the village, beating numerous Muslims, and burying a corpse without permission. Eight Jewish notables were incarcerated. The governor also urged his policemen to stir up popular disturbances and harassments against the Jews some of whom were attacked. The Jews attempted to send appeals to their co-religionists in Constantinople (i.e. Istanbul, then capital of Turkey) and in London. These appeals were blocked at first but eventually with the help of a Turkish official they got through. The Jews of Paris in France and of London sent an appeal to the British Government.
Britain warned the Sultan of Turkey that if something was not done Britain would send troops to intervene. At that time Turkey valued its relationship with Britain and did not wish to spoil it. The notables were released. The governor was deposed and in his place was appointed the pro-Jewish official who had helped them.
As historical incidents go this seems like a minor incident in an obscure region.
We are not even certain of the exact time it occurred though we can probably find out.
It is however symptomatic of the British policy of the time.
The British were recognized as the de facto protectors of the Jews in the Ottoman Empire and elsewhere.
IN the Holy Land at that time,
Prussia looked after the Protestants.
France after the Catholics.
Russia after the Greek Orthodox.
Great Britain after the Jews.
2. The Philistine Connection to Minoan (Cretan) Civilization.
The Philistines, by R.A.S. Macalister, ,
THEIR HISTORY AND CIVILIZATION
THE ORIGIN OF THE PHILISTINES
Even down to late times the tradition linking Philistia with Crete persisted in one form or another. Tacitus heard it, though in a distorted form: in the oft-quoted passage Hist. v. 2 he confuses the Jews with the Philistines, and makes the former the Cretan refugees. 1 , Minos, is named on some of the coins of Gaza. This town was called by the name Minoa: and its god Marna was equated to 'Zeus the Crete-born.'
3. Philistines in Ireland??
In the British Museum one can view a Philistine Seal from about 670 B.C. which had been found in Dundrum, (Dublin), Ireland.
4. Uncut Hair Due to Oath Similar to Vow of Nazirite.
# There was also many references (spanning a huge time period) to the practice of leaving one's hair uncut and unkempt until an important vow had been fulfilled. You mentioned Julius Civilis [Batavian in Holland], who dyed his hair red and swore not to cut it until he'd won a victory against the Romans. #
5. Irish Word Similar to Hebrew.
Amaracha means tomorrow.
In Hebrew machar is tomorrow.
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