|Contents by Subject||
Contents in Alphabetical Order
1. Beth-Shean and the Scythians.
Evidence from Immanuel Velikovsky.
In our works we show how the Scythians took over the Assyrian Empire for a time and attempted re-union with the Kingdom of Judah under King Josiah ben Amon.
These Scythians were Israelites from the Ten Tribes who attempted to re-establish themselves in the Land of Israel. Their center was Beth-Shean in the north. These attempts were not succesful and ended when the Egyptians slew King Josiah at Megiddo. King Josiah had been fighting on behalf of the Scythians.
This is primarily a research finding of Brit-Am and is not widely accepted.
The notes below testify to the presence of Scythians in Beth-Shean during the reign of Psammetichos-1 of Egypt whose reign (664-610) overlapped the Scythian period.
The End of Nineveh
which is the final chapter of
THE ASSYRIAN CONQUEST
by Immanuel Velikovsky
Seti, who, as an ally of Assyria, took it upon himself to attend to rebellious Syria, moved with his army along the Esdraelon Valley and came to the city of Beth-Shan not far from the Jordan. A stele of Seti was found in Beth-Shan, the inscription of which reads:
The wretched enemy who was in the city of Hamath, he had collected to himself many people, was taking away the town of Beth-Shan...(1)
The stele further states that the Egyptian army of Ra, called also 'Many Braves,' captured the city of Beth Shan at the command of the pharaoh. The erection of the stele in that place indicates that Seti succeeded in conquering this city-fortress.
Beth-Shan guards the road from Gilead in Trans-Jordan and also from Galilee along the valley of the Jordan; consequently it is an important strategic point at a crossroads, protecting the eastern gate of the Esdraelon Valley against encroachment from the north and east.
In the days of Assurbanipal's father, Esarhaddon, the Scythians came down from the steppes of Russia and, crossing the Caucasus, arrived at the lake of Urmia. Their king went to the help of Assur-banipal when the Medes and the Babylonians marched against Assyria.(2)
Herodotus(3) narrates that the Scythians descended from the slopes of the Caucasus, battled the Medes who were pressing on Nineveh, and, moving southward, reached Palestine. There they were met by Psammetichos, the pharaoh, who for a long time tarried in Palestine.
The Egyptian king, however, succeeded by persuasion in halting their advance toward Egypt. He, like the Scythians, was an ally of Assurbanipal. According to Herodotus, Psammetichos was besieging a city in Palestine when the Scythians reached that country.
The translation of the Seventy (Septuagint) calls Beth-Shan by the name of Scythopolis;(4) so do Josephus(5) and Eusebius.(6) Georgius Syncellus,(7) the Byzantine chronologist, explained that the use of the name Scythopolis for Beth-Shan was due to the presence of Scythians, who had remained there from among the invading hordes in the days of Psammetichos.
As has been said above, Beth-Shan was besieged and occupied by Seti, and his steles and the graves of the Greek mercenaries who served with him were discovered there. Ramses II, his successor, also occupied Beth-Shan for some time, but no vestiges have been found there of Egyptian kings of later times. The conventional chronology compelled the archaeologists of Beth-Shan to conclude that after Seti and Ramses II the city was practically uninhabited until the time of the Neo-Babylonian Empire in the seventh century, although from the Scriptures we know that Beth-Shan was an important city in the days of Judges and Kings.
2. Egyptian Folding Chairs Used in Bronze Age Scandinavia and North Germany.
Forwarded by Craig White.
For your information, following on from the article sent by Isaac, I found the quote below by an author I used to admire years ago.
"On one of the reliefs from Sargon's palace'known only from a drawing by Flandin, since the original was lost in the Tigris while being shipped to France'was a scene showing the plundering of the temple at Musasir. This showed shields hanging on the pillars of the facade and in the spaces between them; and "in the middle of them are the heads of dogs with bared teeth." The Assyrians are shown carrying them off as booty, while a record is kept by an official sitting on a folding chair. In front of him stand two scribes,  noting down the captured treasures'one of them in cuneiform on a clay tablet, the other in Aramaic script on a papyrus. The next scene shows the booty being weighed and taken away. It is difficult to reconstruct the complicated lock of the temple door as described in the Louvre text, but the excavators of a fortress at Hasanlu, to the south of Lake Urmia, found bronze pins from a lock, decorated with small figures of lions and attached to the door by a chain." (The Ancient Civilization of Urartu by Boris Piotrovsky, p112)
See also A History of Seating, 3000 BC to 2000 Ad: Function Versus Aesthetics By Jenny Pynt, Joy Higgs which shows that folding chairs were used in a number of ancient cultures.
3. Chronological Revisionism: Conventional Ancient Middle East Dating 150 Years too Early?
Centuries of Darkness
A group of academically accepted scholars argue for a reduction in the conventional dating of ancient Near East History by about 150 BCE all along the board.
If accepted this would bring archaeological finds more in line with Scripture.
It would also have repercussions in the history of Western Europe.
Mycenean and Middle East type finds in the British Isles, Scandinavia, etc, would henceforth be dateable to a period after the exile of the Ten Tribes rather than before it.
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