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Contents in Alphabetical Order
1. Anita sends article to Brit-Am: Ancient Lyre Found on Scottish Isle.
I thought you would be interested in this find- of a piece from a lyre- on Skye- dated between 550 and 450 B.C. E (!):
There are pictures of the find and an interesting little video as well.
"The artifact is being conserved by AOC Archaeology in Edinburgh. There are some nice views and models of the bridge in the following video, and a charming finale in which Dr. Graeme Lawson of Cambridge Music ' Archaeological Research plays a reproduction ancient lyre."
Hope you will find the above article interesting and relevant to Brit-Am.
And that you are enjoying Passover/unleavened bread.... peacefully.
2. Scottish and Scotch-Irish Migration: Differences Between Those who Left and Those who stayed!!!
From: Richard Gorrie <rgorrie@UOGUELPH.CA>
Subject: 15th century population of Galloway, population history of Galloway,
and genetics of Scotch-Irish migration
Subject: 15th century population of Galloway, population history of Galloway, and genetics of Scotch-Irish migration
From: Dora Smith <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: 9 April, 2012 12:43:05 PM EDT
I'm also curious about population change in Galloway over a broader period of time. The Isles Scottish haplotype originated about 350 AD, when Galloway was in Roman hands but kept isolated and quiet. It looks to me as if the amount of genetic variation in the Isles Scottish haplotype may have grown like bunnies during approximately the medieval warming period. After that plague and so forth should have tended to reduce the population. I am wondering if something was multiplying McKinstry kin ancestors in the southern lowlands of Galloway and Ayrshire in the 15th century.
One other thing; 80% of the ancestors of the Scotch Irish came from tiny Galloway and adjacent Ayrshire/ Dumfriesshire; the bulk actually came from Galloway. Population pressure was the single most important reason why they left Scotland. Local historians told me that McKinstrys probably left for Ireland to find a bit of land and a girl to marry, as though land was not available closer to hand. If people wandered like that within Scotland seeking land it would be small wonder if Papa Wanderer seems to have been busy sewing his seeds from Ayrshire to the Cree River. Records show that the McKinstrys expanded across Galloway in a circular pattern until they reached the coast of the Irish Sea, and then it looks as if the entire several hundred year old family group got the idea to funnel across the sea at once. Histories tell me that the region barely supported its population and experienced repeated crop failures and famine, and every time that happened a wave of people left for Ireland. The fact that they migrated would have taken the lid off their numbers, causing them to multiply dramatically. They were the majority ethnic group in the 13 colonies at the time of the American Revolution, and most Americans today are descended from them. They are a huge proportion of the populations of several other former English colonies as well.
It isn't necessarily true that those who left Galloway were demographically or genetically representative of the people of Galloway. For instance, the Isles Scottish haplotype today appears to be more common in northeastern Ireland, where it never existed before 1500, then in Galloway, where it was born. The Isles Scottish haplotype is, for instance, far too common for a regional haplotype that only originated in 350 AD, and this McKinstry haplotype is more numerous than it ought to be given its 600 year old age and provinciality. I'm interested in what forces might have selected those who left Galloway.
3. Viking Ethnicities: A Historiographic Overview
4. Codan in Scandinavia another name for Sidon of Phoenicia?
Codan is another name for a region of Scandinavia.
Codan seems to be a name given to Jutland (Danish Peninsula) or to Scandinavia in general.
I think it may have applied to Jutland but cannot be sure.
Sidon was the premier Phoenician-Canaaanite city. It gave rise to Tyre.
The name Sidon in Hebrew is Tsidon with the first letter being a Tsere which has no exact equivalent in English. It is usually given as "Ts" or as "s" or as "Z".
This is why Sidon is sometimes rendered as Zidon.
Tsere could however have also been equated with "C".
This would give us Codan. The Phoenicians were in this region.
Source on the Name Codan.
Codanus sinus is the Sea area between Jutland and Sweden along with the adjoining Baltic Sea.
Wikipedia: Codanus sinus
The Codanus sinus is the Latin name of the Baltic Sea and Kattegat.
According to Pomponius Mela (3.31, 3.54) and Pliny the Elder (4.96), it is an "enormous bay" lying beyond the Elbe". It has "many small islands", the largest one being Scandinavia (the manuscripts of Mela have Codannovia).
The origin of the name is obscure.
The Codanus sinus is the vague area described by Pomponius Mela, as a great bay located to the north of Germany, among whose many islands was one, "Codanovia," of pre-eminent size; this name reappears in Pliny the Elder's work as Scatinavia. Codanovia and Scatinavia were both Latin renderings of the Proto-Germanic *Skathinawio, the Germanic name for Scandinavia.
5. Philistines and Minoans of Crete, Possibilities.
Lord of the Flies (Baal Zebub) in Scotland?
Lord of the Flies (Baal Zebub) in Scotland?
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