Brit-Am interpreted the Hebrew word "Machmad" in Hosea 9:6 as referring to
Mahomad the founder of Islam.
The King James translates Machmad as PLEASANT PLACES.
[Hosea 9:6] FOR, LO, THEY ARE GONE BECAUSE OF DESTRUCTION: EGYPT SHALL GATHER
THEM UP, MEMPHIS SHALL BURY THEM: THE PLEASANT PLACES FOR THEIR SILVER, NETTLES
SHALL POSSESS THEM: THORNS SHALL BE IN THEIR TABERNACLES.
The New King James appears to translate Machmad as "valuables".
Hosea 9:6 For indeed they are gone because of destruction.
Egypt shall gather them up;
Memphis shall bury them.
Nettles shall possess their valuables of silver;
Thorns shall be in their tents.
Brit-Am said that:
The verse (Hosea 9:6) SHOULD BE TRANSLATED AS SAYING:
# For behold they have gone due to the Robbery of Egypt,
Memphis shall gather them up.
Machmad [i.e. Mohamed] shall bury them for the sake of their silver.
Knettles [or Chemosh] will inherit them in their tents.#
We also said:
We have a clear reference here to Mohammed and Islam and Islam wishing to
destroy Israel and Ephraim (Britain and America) for the sake of monetary gain.
The next verse (as confirmed by Maimonides) refers to Mohamed who was known as
the Meshuga or Mad Man!
## The days of punishment have come;
The days of recompense have come.
The prophet is a fool,
The spiritual man is insane [Hebrew "Meshuga" referring says Mamonides to
Because of the greatness of your iniquity and great enmity. ##
We equated the word Machmad with Mahomet because:
The following verse according to Maimonides (who knew things) refers to Mahomed
as the mad man.
One form of the name Mahomad is Machmad.
The overall picture taken as referring to Islam fits the context [taking Mahomet
as synonymous with Arabic Islam].
This is a quite simple even common sense deduction but it is also a somewhat
In such cases it always helps if other sources say the same thing.
And we found one. There may well be others.
Rabbi Moshe David Walli on Hosea 9:6: #Machmad is the Prophet of the
Ishmaelites [i.e. Arabs] who is known as Machmad .. who suckles [i.e. receives
sustenance] from the aspect of [misplaced] kindness represented by silver. #
Rabbi Moshe David Walli (Vally; Vali) (1697-1777) practiced as a physician in
Padova (Venice region, Northeast Italy).
He is considered the foremost follower of the Ramchal (Luzatto) who was a major
authority on spiritual mystical matters and an expert in the Hebrew Language.
His work is somewhat esoteric. Though the language is very pleasing the content
is somewhat difficult to understand. It is not the type of Commentary I would normally
be interested in.
It was through Divine Providence that I came across the book and read through to
the relevant verse.
"So they made a covenant at Beersheba; and Abimelech and Phicol, the commander
of his army, arose and returned to the land of the Philistines. Abraham planted
a tamarisk tree at Beersheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD, the
Everlasting God. And Abraham sojourned in the land of the Philistines for many
days." Genesis 21:32-34.
Bryant G. Wood, Ph.D. of the Associates for Biblical Research has written a
fascinating article entitled "The Genesis Philistines" for the March 2006 ABR
Electronic Newsletter (no article link available) which investigates the
Biblical Philistines and makes a case that the Philistines have been around as a
people for a long time and had ties in ancient Canaan very early in recorded
First, who were the Philistines and where did they come from? According to the
"The Biblical record states that [the Philistines] came from Caphtor (Amos ix.
7; Deut. ii. 23), that they were Caphtorim (Deut, l.c.), and that they were "the
remnant of the seacoast of Caphtor" (Jer. xlvii. 4, Hebr.). The table of nations
(Gen. x. 13, 14) names the Philistines and the Caphtorim as descendants of
Mizraim. The gist of these references leads one to look for Caphtor as the
native land of the Philistines. There is a variety of opinion as to the location
of this place. The Egyptian inscriptions name the southern coast of Asia Minor
as "Kefto." The latest and with some plausibility the best identification is the
island of Crete. The Septuagint makes the Cherethites in David's body-guard
Cretans. Others have identified Caphtor with Cappadocia, or Cyprus, or with some
place near the Egyptian delta. The prevailing opinion among scholars is that the
Philistines were roving pirates from some northern coast on the Mediterranean
Sea." (Emphasis added.)
Dr. Wood's article provides the evidence that supports Crete as the ancient home
of the Philistines. The article begins by examining the Phaistos Disk -- a "6.5
inch diameter, 0.5 inch thick, baked clay disk with undecipherable inscriptions
on both sides (Robinson 2002: 297-315)" "discovered in 1908 by Italian
archaeologist Luigi Pernier in the ruins of a Minoan palace in southern Crete."
The disk has a depiction of a warrior with a feathered headdress which is "very
similar to the depiction of the later Philistines in reliefs on the walls of
Rameses III's mortuary temple in Medinet Habu, Egypt (T. Dothan 1982: 22; T. and
M. Dothan 1992: 35-36). This is not an isolated find, as identical signs,
including frontal views of the feathered warrior, have been found inscribed on
an axe found in a cave in Crete (Robinson 2002: 306-307)."
The significance of the Phaitos Disk is that it, at minimum, ties Crete in as a
base (if not the home) for the Philistine people. Since a consensus exists that
the Egyptian depiction of the warrior in the feathered headdress is a
Philistine, the Phaitos Disk coupled with a similar finding of an axe with the
same depiction is evidence that Crete was the home of the Philistine people....
So, what else do we know about these ancient inhabitants of Crete' For one
thing, we know how scholars generally reference them -- Minoans. However,
according to Dr. Wood, there is no reason to believe that the people of Crete
called themselves Minoans. That name was given to them by "Arthur Evans,
excavator of Knossos, a major site on Crete, based on Minos, an ancient ruler of
Crete known from Greek mythology." The Minoans
"engaged in maritime trade throughout the Levant in the Middle Bronze period
(ca. 2000-1500 BC). Some of this evidence suggests that they established trading
colonies in Syria, Canaan and Egypt. A small, but growing, number of finds in
Palestine provide tangible evidence for contacts between Canaan and Crete long
before the 12th-11th century Philistines. (Emphasis added.)"
So, were the Minoans the people that the Bible calls the Philistines' The
Phaitos Disk and the archaeological research that has provided information about
the Minoans and their lifestyles and trading partners suggests that they may
have been one and the same.
But were the Minoans present in Canaan' Is there any reason to believe that
these Minoans occupied the portion of Canaan attributed to the Philistines' Yes,
says Dr. Wood. The account of Isaac's visit with the Philistines in Genesis 26
speaks of the city of Gerar which was the home to the Philistine king Abimelech
(who is also mentioned in Genesis 21). Gerar, it turns out, has been "identified
as Tel Haror, 17 miles east of Gaza in the western Negev (Oren 1992: 989)." Many
archaeological digs have been conducted there, but Dr. Wood focuses on the
following major connection between Tel Haror and the ancient Cretes/Minoans:
Of particular interest is a Minoan graffito found in the sacred precinct dating
to ca. 1600 BC. Analyses of the sherd determined that it originated in Crete,
most likely the south coast (Day et al. 1999; Oren et al. 1996). There are four
Minoan signs on the graffito, inscribed prior to firing, which represent a
bull's head, cloth, branch and figs (Oren et al. 1996: 99-109). In addition to
the graffito, an unusual chalice of Canaanite shape and fabric was found in a
room on the east side of the sacred area. What makes the chalice unusual is its
high arching handles, a well-known feature of Minoan chalices, but not of
Canaanite (Oren et al. 1996: 95, 96; Oren 1993: 581).
Thus, once again, there are signs of connections between the Minoan culture and
the city that is identified as the home of the Philistine king in Genesis.
Moreover, the existence of the graffito (which is the singular form of "grafitti")
from around 1600 A.D. suggests that the Minoans were living in Gerar and had
been for a significant time prior to that date (when building a new settlement,
painting Minoan reliefs would hardly be among the first tasks undertaken, but
would probably only happen after the city has been firmly established).
3. Minoans in North Germany and
Konigsberg now Kalingrad, Russia. Brit-Am Note: We will show elsewhere that finds
associated with the Minoans, Myceneans, Philistines and Israelites were
interchangeable to some degree.
(a) Minoans in Konigsberg
http://jarnaes.wordpress.com/kongsberg/ Extract: From the 1980-ies on, several unknown prehistoric finds have been made in
the Kongsberg area. Among these discoveries in the hills and forests, are
gravemounds (cairns) , shrines, megaliths and menhirs, ancient backfilled, very
primitive mines and a panel with rock carvings and five signs, identified as
Cretan-Minoan Linear A characters/syllables, approx. 3700 years old. (See Linear
A Minoan Crete.) These remains seem to be connected to each other in one way or
another and they are always close to old mines. This can hardly be coincidental.
These remains seem to indicate that these mines were exploited as far back as in
the earliest part of the Bronze Age.
The oldest description of Crete and the island's population and culture is
presented to us through the works of the Greek poet Homer, who in the 8th
century BC wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Homer has handed down to us the legend of King Minos, the wise ruler who
governed a mighty seaborne empire from Crete, and the story of his son, the
Minotaur and the Labyrinth, which Arthur Evans identified as the Palace of
Old Egyptian sources speak of 'Keftiu', in Akkadian (Assyrian-Babylonian) called
'Kaptaru', i.e. 'Land beyond the Sea', obviously meaning Crete. Homer mentions
five different speaking peoples living on the island, Achaeans, Kydonians,
Dorians, Pelasgians and Eteocretans, that is, 'the real Cretans'. Thus 'Eteocretans'
was the name the Greeks employed for the original inhabitants of Crete. Minoan
Crete was conquered by the Mycenean Greeks about 1450 BC. The splendid Minoan
civilization had vanished so completely that its existence was only brought to
light again by the archaeological excavations of Arthur Evans (1851 ' 1941) from
Excavating at Knossos, Evans found 3000 clay tablets with an unknown script.
Evans named the script Linear A and a modified form of the same script he called
Linear B. Since the script was unknown, and consequently the language it
covered, it was not known what the people, who had created the script and
culture, called themselves. Therefore Evans dubbed them 'Minoans' and their
civilization 'Minoan', after the legendary ruler of Bronze Age Crete, King Minos.
Evans never succeeded in deciphering the script, but he was of the opinion that
the language was not Greek. But in 1952 the young architect Michael Ventris
(1922 ' 1956) was able to identify the language behind the Linear B tablets as
Greek, although in a rather archaic form. However, it became clear that the
language written on the Linear A tablets was not Greek, since it was
incomprehensible even if there was reason to believe that the phonetic values of
the Linear B signs, or syllables, were the same as the identical syllables of
Obviously the Greek conquerors of the Minoan empire had applied the script of
the superior Minoan culture, with some modifications, to their own language. The
Minoans themselves, who had not fled Crete, took abode on the hilltops in the
rugged interior of the island, where the culture and Minoan language of these
Eteocretans survived for some time in the small communities they established
under, or far from, Greek (Mycenean) rule.
The American professor Cyrus H. Gordon, who had been studying Linear A tablets
since 1956, arrived at the conclusion in 1962 that the Minoan language was
Northwest Semitic, belonging to the same language group as Ugaritic, Phoenician
and Hebrew. He succeeded in reading parts of some texts, with the support of two
short Eteocretan (the old Minoan language) and Greek bilingual texts.
Evidence of Bronze Age connections between Norway and Crete
In 1987 there was discovered, quite unexpectedly, in Kongsberg, 80 kms due west
of Oslo, carvings on a horizontal rock panel on the outskirts of the small town.
Numerous cup marks among the carvings indicate that the oldest carvings may have
been made in the Early Bronze Age (in Norway between 1800 BC and 1000 BC) or
even in the later part of the Late Stone Age (Neolithic).
In 1994 Dr. Aartun visited the site at Kongsberg, and on the very spot he
recognized the characters as Linear A. (local newspaper Laagendalsposten,
How, then, can the existence of a Minoan inscription at Kongsberg in far away
Norway be explained' What may have attracted them to this place'
The explanation may be that at Kongsberg (a name which means 'the king's mines')
were huge occurrences of silver, in fact the richest deposits of native and wire
silver in Europe, perhaps in the whole world.
The silver deposits were spread over an enormous area, and traces of very old,
even prehistoric mining activity, as it seems, are to be found 'everywhere' in
the forests and mountains surrounding Kongsberg. Some of these primitive mines
have been backfilled in a manner that resembles backfilling of Bronze Age mines
in South-Eastern Europe...
These mines at Kongsberg have not yet been archaeologically examined. More than
3500 years ago, there existed a network of mines all over Europe, from the
Balkans to Ireland. In the Early Bronze Age copper mines of Mitterberg in
Austria, crushed waste material from the separation of the ore outside the mine
was transported back into the mine.
The Minoans were the great metal traders of the Mediterranean, as early as 2000
BC. This fact may explain the richness of the Minoan civilization. Before 1500
BC silver was twice as valuable as gold in Egypt and the Minoans maintained
close commercial relationship with Egypt. Amber from the shores of the Baltic
reached Mycenae and Egypt more than 3500 years ago.
The Minoans built seaworthy ships with keels, which enabled them to sail all
over the Mediterranean. A wall painting excavated in the Minoan town of Akrotiri
on Thera, destroyed by a volcanic eruption in 1628 BC, shows a flotilla of boats
in the harbour. The ships seem to be about 30 meters long, at least, and they
may not have been technically inferior to the Viking ships, which sailed from
Norway to Palestine, Greenland and North America.
In 2005 two professors of archaeology, Kristian Kristiansen, University of
Gothenburg, and Thomas B. Larsson, University of Ume'in Sweden, published a book
entitled 'The Rise of Bronze Age Society' (Cambridge University Press) in which
they argue, based on a vast amount of evidence, that the rich and spectacular
Early Bronze Age of Denmark and Scandinavia can only be explained in terms of a
contact between the Minoan-Mycenaean civilization and Scandinavia.
They write (pp. 235-236): 'Mycenaean traders settled in western Mediterranean
and established direct trading connections with southern Germany, and thus
linked up with the network that reached Jutland and the amber producing areas.
Recent archaeological discoveries have completely changed our perception of
Mycenaean presence in this part of Europe'. And 'a genuine Mycenaean find
appeared in a Middle Bronze Age fortified settlement in Bavaria: a gold diadem
made of gold foil of the type found in the shaft graves at Mycenae, together
with some raw amber.
(') Mycenaean and south German and even south Scandinavian chiefs had direct
personal contacts. (') Moreover, it makes it easier to understand how east
Mediterranean prestige goods, such as folding stools and flange-hilted swords of
Mycenaean inspiration, could be transmitted so directly to southern Scandinavia.
But why this region ' more than other regions in Europe ' adopted a Mycenaean
cultural idiom as basis for the new Nordic Bronze Age society remains yet to be
explained.' And p. 249: 'However, foreign origins were most consciously
demonstrated in the formation of the Nordic Bronze Age Culture from 1500 BC
onwards, basing itself on a Minoan/Mycenaean template.'
The authors also point to the fact that a sign or symbol akin to the Hittite
hieroglyph meaning 'divine' is among the rock carvings at Fossum in Sweden,
associated with images of what could be representations of divinities (p. 342).
Kongsberg could easily be reached from the sea by boats sailing up the Oslo
Fjord and Drammen Fjord to Vestfossen. All the way along this route, from
Drammen to Vestfossen and Kongsberg, there are big mining areas of other ores,
like copper and silver bearing galena (lead), leading on to the Kongsberg mining
Minoans, having reached Kongsberg, most likely around 1700 BC, at the heyday of
Minoan civilization, when silver could be traded for its double weight in gold
in Egypt, and leaving a message on a cult place there, would probably have
thanked the gods for what ever riches they had come for. The only reason for
their coming to Kongsberg would have been the area's richness in easily
accessible native silver.
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