1. Where Did the Wives of the Israelite
Tribal Ancestors Come From?
The book "Ori ve-Yishai" by Uri Shachar brings three different opinions:
a. Quotes from Safer Ha-Yashar:
The wife of Reuben, Elioram daughter of Avi the Hivite;
the wife of Simeon, Dinah and Bonah;
the wife of Levi, Adinah daughter of Yovav son of Yaktan;
the wife of Yehudah, Tamar;
the wife of Issachar, Aridah daughter of Yovav son of Yaktan;
the wife of Zebulon, Merushat daughter of Molad son of Abida son of Madyan;
the wife of Dan, Aflalat daughter of Chamudan the Moabite;
the wife of Naphtali, Merimath daughter of Amuram son of Oz son of Nachor;
the wife of Gad, Ustit daughter of Amuram son of Oz son of Nachor;
the wife of Asher, Hadurah daughter of Abimael son of Aber son of Shem;
the wife of Benjamin, Machlia daughter of Aram son of Zoba son of Terach and
Arvat daughter of Zimran son of Abraham;
b. Midrash Manuscript.
[Alternatively] there are those who say the wife of Reuben was Adah; the wife of
Simeon was was Yibah, the wife of Levi was Anat, the wife of Issachar was Uzkah;
the wife of Zebulon was Ozni; the wife of Dan was was Eglah, the wife of
Naphtali was rastuah; the wife of Gad was Maacah' the wife of Asher was Yoinah,
the wife of Benjamin was Yiscah.
c. Still another opinion says they
married their sisters.
Midrash Breishit Rabah; Rashi, Genesis 46:26; Nachmanides.
2. Switzerland: Burgundians= French
Speakers; Alamans = Germanic Speakers.
In this short article I will talk about a little known Germanic people: the
Burgundians. The Burgundians have played an important role in what became the
modern Switzerland. Indeed the part of the Swiss settled by the Burgundians
became the 'Suisse Romande' (French speaking part of Switzerland). The German
part of Switzerland was settled by another Germanic tribe, the Alamanni.
3. A Minoan Center in Scandinavia
Genetic Analysis of the Norse Sub-Region of Europe (STR)
Extract: According to archaeologists Kristiansen and Larsson, Bronze Age Scandinavia
emerged as a
'secondary center' of Minoan culture in the 18th to 16th centuries BCE, linked
with the Aegean via
industrial centers in Central Europe (present day Hungary and Slovakia). New
techniques of metallurgy,
woodworking, and shipbuilding were brought to Scandinavia from the more advanced
civilizations, along with cultural forms recorded in monuments such as the
'King's Grave' near Kivik,
Sweden. These inter-cultural links were interrupted around 1500 BCE, but soon
resumed during the
Mycenaean period recalled in Homer's epics.
Although these early Aegean influenced Scandinavian societies did not leave
neighboring Goidelic (Celtic) cultures of the western British Isles described
ancient invasions by the
Tuatha D'Danann ('tribes of the goddess Danu,' somewhat similar to the Homeric
Danaoi). In the
dynastic legends of Ireland, the Tuatha D'were said to be technically skilled
mariners from four northern
cities across the sea. These northerners were eventually defeated by
Mediterranean (Milesian) tribes
named for Go'el the Green (Go'el Glas or Gaythelos). Nevertheless, memories of
the Tuatha D'e Danann lingered in the Irish landscape as the aes s'he or
'people of the mounds.'
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