This site contains much useful information.
That does not mean that it is all correct or that we agree with any of it.
In fact there are some pojnts we found offensive.
Nevertheless it may be worth looking at.
2. Bob Davis: Anglo-Saxon Brooches with
the Star of David.
I saw these two brooches yesterday, from an Anglo-Saxon burial ground. They are
displayed in the in the Museum of London. I thought you would be interested if
you have not already seen them,
Men and women both wore brooches, like large safety pins, to fasten their
clothes. They were often worn in pairs on the shoulders. Only the rich could
afford brooches made of gold or silver. These were found in a grave in the
Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Mitcham, near the neck of a fragmentary skeleton, and
are made of copper-alloy covered in gold (gilded). They have an unusual 'Star of
David' design. Also found was an iron knife at the skeleton's waist and an ivory
ring on the forearm.
As to the question of how the original Gothic-derived Yiddish got to Austria, I
currently favor the hypothesis that from at least 500 CE on, Gothic was spoken
by the Jews of northwestern Balkan Jewry. Medieval Austria was settled by Jews
from the Rhineland and East Franconia as well as other areas but I think that
early Yiddish was brought there by settlers from the area of the Sava River
[tributary of the Danube, Balkan Region of eastern Europe] valley.
Irish historian Thomas Moore writes: 'It is indeed evident that those persons to
whom St. Patrick [A.D. 400s] applies the name Scots, were all of the high and
dominant class; whereas, when speaking of the great bulk of the people, he
calles them Hiberionaces, from the name Hiberione, which is always applied by
him to the island itself' (1837, Vol. 1, p. 72).
Dr. James Wylie explained: 'The Scots are the military class; they are the
nobles . . . The latter [the Hiberni] are spoken of as the commonality, the sons
of the soil' (History of the Scottish Nation,1886, p. 281). Wylie also adds:
'St. Patrick often uses Scoti and Reguli [princes] as equivalent terms. To the
term Scottus he adds often the word Nobilis; whereas he has no other appellative
for the native Irish but Hyberione, or Hyberni genae, the common people' (p. 282
footnote). The early Scot overlords were Jewish. The common people of Ireland
were simply Hiberni or Hebrews, the tribe of Dan. And it was the aristocracy
that the Irish royalty intermarried.
5. The Phoenician Origins of Runic
Script From: GardenStone
Subject: Re: [Germanic-L] Re: The Goths and the Futhark
> Looijenga's hypothesis is that runes were developed from italic scripts by
> Scandinavian mercenaries serving on the Rhine Limes.
In 2006, so nine years later, Theo Vennemann, philologist and linguist
publiced his thesis
"Germanische Runen und phoenizisches
in the periodical Sprachwissenschaft 34, 367-429.
A short German abstract was in the press release at:
This Phoenician theory isn't really new, but by Vennemann's linguistic
it became quite some more plausibility.
The German article isn't online, but I made a quick and dirty scan of the
short English abstract:
The poblem of the origin of the Germaine runes and the runic writing system
is considered unsolved. Many aspects of the runes are enigmatic even for
the most widely accepted thesis, that of the Latin origin of the runes. The
present article develops the thesis that runic writing derives directly from the
Phoenician writing system of the Carthaginians who dominated the Atlantic
coasts from the fifth to the end of the third century, rather than via Greek,
Etruscan, or Latin. This thesis explains all the distinctive properties of runic
writing: the form of those runes for which Latin offers no model; the acrophonic
naming of the runes with appellatives; various aspects of the order of the older
futhark, especially the beginning with a rune named lehu `cattle'; the frequent
use of scriptura continua; the omission of nasals before homorganic consonants;
the writing of gemimtes with single rather than double consonants. Most
importantly, the Phoenician thesis explains the concentration of the oldest
fmds in the Scandinavian regions between the German and the Baltic Seas rather
than close to the Roman Empire and answers the question of the reasons for the
extraordinarily early availability of an alphabetic writing system of its own in
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