Brit-Am Research Sources.
A collection of informational leads for further study.
15 December 2011, 19 Kislev 5772.
1.Plentiful New Evidence for a Migration from Scythia to Scandinavia.
2. Was the Eridanus River in Ancient Europe named after the Jordan?
3. Aegean and Mycenean Finds were not necessarily Greek but could be Levantine
(including Israelite) in general.
4. Some Germanic Groups were originally Celtic.
5. The Ten Tribes Will Fly Back to Israel.
6. Messiah son of Joseph to Identify Individual Israelite Families?
7. Midrash: The Ten Tribes were taken as one group to specific areas whereas the
Jews of Judah were scattered all over.
8. Ten Tribes Will have Been Gathered Together Within Their Places of Exile.
9. Israeli historian, Benny Morris Debunks anti-British Slur.
1. Plentiful New Evidence for a
Migration from Scythia to Scandinavia
KURGAN CULTURE IN SCANDINAVIA
Dr. David K. Faux
The Genetic Link of the Viking - Era Norse to Central Asia:
An Assessment of the Y Chromosome DNA, Archaeological, Historical and Linguistic
Basically the archaeological evidence strongly suggests that from the 5th
Century there was a strong cultural continuity between the areas in Scandanavia
and points south and includes artifacts from as far east as Afghanistan. The
sheer magnitude of the changes argue for a movement of people as opposed to a
cultural diffusion, the change was simply too rapid and without any evidence of
a transition, it was apparently a replacement.
Evidence from Norway provides more evidence to support the 'Central Asian
migration theory'. For example in Eveboe at Nordfjord in Western Norway is seen
a burial kurgan that duplicates what is seen in the East. Here is found a 5th
Century grave with Syrian glass, a geometric toy seen only in Iran and
Afghanistan and inhumations of three chiefs 'connected in a way which involved
the Huns or Eastergermanic horsemen in the Danubian area' (Brandt, 2004).
There appears to be a fairly abrupt change in religious beliefs and practices
when after about 500 AD sacrifices in the form of humans, and as well gold foil
figurines and coin pendants were buried near the homes of the major chiefs.
Near the point where the River Fyris empties into Lake Malar is found a cemetery
with cremation burials containing a wealth of grave goods and covered with large
earthen mounds. What becomes particularly interesting in light of the hypothesis
set forth here is that at this location at Gamla Uppsala with burial mounds 20
feet high (without boat burials) have been associated with the above
Heimskringla. Within the mounds have been found highly decorated armor and horse
trappings consistent with Scythian influence. An organic analysis of the soil in
the vicinity is consistent with the arrival of a substantial number of horses in
the 5th Century, and it is at this time that they make an appearance in the
graves of chiefs and warriors. Also, what could be recovered from these
cremation burials suggested a grave goods assemblage that included items
suggesting a Southeastern European and Persian origin; and in particular the
cremation of a woman in one of the mounds included an antique mirror with an eye
at the backside which was interpreted as being Sarmatian since these items are
very common in the burials of Sarmatian ' Hun women in the Black Sea region
(Ph.D. dissertation of Anke Bodo, 1993, as reported by Brandt, 2004).
2. Was the Eridanus River in Ancient Europe named after the Jordan?
Naming the river
The origins of the name of the Rh'e are well-known: the word Rh'e comes from the
Latin Rhodanus which itself comes from the Greek Rhodanos. For years the Rh'e
was referred to by the Celtic name Eridan which was used as a name for numerous
European rivers, including the Elba, the Rhine, and the P' Eridan was a generic
name used as a reference to the torrential speed of the waters.
Herodotus (5th century BC) writes in Book 3 of his Histories:
"...for I cannot accept the story of a river called by non-Greek peoples the
Eridanus, which flows into the northern sea, where amber is supposed to come
from.......Yet it cannot be disputed that tin and amber do come to us from what
one might call the ends of the earth... [tin from Britain, amber from the Baltic
sea]. In any case it does seem to be true that the countries which lie on the
circumference of the inhabited world produce the things which we believe to be
most rare and beautiful."
the holy isle of Elektris", named for elektron, "amber", off the mouth of the
Eridanos, was reached by the Argonauts, who were fleeing from the Colchians, in
Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonautica, Book IV; their return trip from Colchis, in
which they passed "the farthest reaches of the stream Eridanos" (iv.597), cannot
be made to coincide with actual geography.
Myth tells us that amber originated from the tears shed by the Heliades (maybe
Cetus) that flowed into the river Eridanus. The tertiary forests of the Baltic
sea area contains 90% of the world's amber which is the best amber in the world.
This is one certain identification we can make for Eridanus.
Were was the Eridanus?
The Rhone (in France), Rhine, Elbe?
Perhaps its was a conflation of them all?
The Jordan River in Israel in Hebrew is called Yardan or Yordan.
One of its sources is at the Springs of Dan in the north.
The Sages (Talmud Berachot 55:a)interpreted the name Yardan to indicate "Yored me-Dan" i.e. comes down
Yored-Dan and Eridan sound very similar.
3. Aegean and Mycenean Finds were not
necessarily Greek but could be Levantine (including Israelite) in general.
From: Jon Smyth
Subject: [ANE-2] Re: Sea Peoples, a dubious term.
--- In ANEemail@example.com, David Hall wrote:
> There are scenes of the naval battles with ships of Mycenaean
>design and Egyptian design (Wachsmann) fighting each other in the
Shelley Wachsmann "sees" an Aegean-style ship on a seal from Beit Shemesh. An
Aegean-style ship in graffiti at Nahal ha-Me'arot, and again at Teneida near the
Dakhla Oasis. Should we believe the Mycenaeans penetrated so far, or rather
should we "see" this particular style of ship was a sea-worthy design and
consequently popular with a variety of peoples across the eastern Mediterranean.
As Byblos and its environs were a veritible factory for the shipping industry
who can say that 'bird-headed' prows were not a very popular and common design.
A frequent occurance in the Sea Peoples paradigm, too much is being made of too
I'm sure you know that the "Nile" is nowhere mentioned in the Medinet-Habu
texts. The word which is interpreted as refering to the Nile is actually
"r3w-H3wt" which only means "river mouths", or perhaps "harbours" nothing to do
with the Nile specifically. The meaning is inferred to mean the Nile due to the
usage of "r3-H3wt" in the Nauri Stela.
"r3w-H3wt" could be anywhere in the coastal Levant where river-mouths or
harbours were to be found as Ramesses III had made it clear he embarked for
> Pottery evidence shows a migration of "Sea Peoples" to the coast of
>Israel in'the LBA'- IA transition.'Dothan found parallels
>between the Philistine/Peleset pottery found in coastal areas of
>Israel to that of Crete.'Crete has been described as in
>its "Mycenaean" era'during this time.'
Pottery evidence (Kling, Killebrew, etc.) suggests that "people who had been in
contact" with Aegean cultures appeared in the Levant sometime after the end of
the 20th dynasty. This was not a direct transfer of an Aegean culture to the
Long before Trude Dothan's work, Ruth Amiran demonstrated that Aegean pottery
styles appeared in the Levant in the Late Bronze. Granted some new styles did
appear in Iron I, however, other forms were already in evidence. The Levantine
coastal traders were familiar with 'Aegean' wares and had been for centuries.
> The Egyptian 'Tale of Wenamum' from a later period (c. 11th-10th
>century)'indicates the Tjeker (a Sea People described at Medinet
>Habu)'controlled the harbor of Dor between modern Tel Aviv and
Please read Ayelet Gilboa on the most recent excavations at Dor and the emerging
picture on who the "Tjekker" appear to have been.
> The writings of the Hebrews described problems'between the
>Philistines'and'Israel as far north as Beth Shean.'The writings
>may have been based on a war between the Philistines and Israel,
>yet'Biblical details of the battle of Beth Shean could not be
>proven'to be'historical.'No Philistine pottery was found at Beth
Which, for those who implicitly trust such writings, only serves to illustrate
that to brand a particular selection of pottery with an ethnicon (Philistine)
will inevitably lead to erroneous conclusions as to the origin of such wares.
Pottery does not equal people.
4. Some Germanic Groups were originally
--- In Germanic-L, "Joseph Crary" wrote:
The Teutones might very well have been Celtic originally. Also the Langobards
were also Celtic before they became Germanic and adopted a Germanic language.
They said that they were called 'Winnili' which is very similar to a Celtic
tribe with a most similar name. Also the Frisians of early Roman times were not
the same as later Frisians; there was something about them originally being
Celtic as well.
5. The Ten Tribes Will Fly Back to
The Ten Tribes will return after the Coming of the Messiah Son of David.
The Ten Tribes when they return will fly back (Isaiah 26:20 Yalkut Shimeoni on
Isaiah 49:9 469 Pesikta Rabati 39:10).
8 Who are these who fly like a cloud,
And like doves to their roosts?
9 Surely the coastlands shall wait for Me;
And the ships of Tarshish will come first,
To bring your sons from afar,
Their silver and their gold with them,
To the name of the LORD your God,
And to the Holy One of Israel,
Because He has glorified you.
6. Messiah son of Joseph to Identify
Individual Israelite Families?
Eisemann quotes (Yechezkiel p.579) from a Midrashic source (Pirkei Heichalot
39:1) that due to the Messiah son of Joseph,
# all of Israel will be identified by their correct families. #
7.. Midrash: The Ten Tribes were
taken as one group to specific areas whereas the Jews of Judah were scattered
Isaiah 11:12 He will set up a banner for the nations,
And will assemble the outcasts of Israel,
And gather together the dispersed of Judah
From the four corners of the earth.
Midrash Breishit Raba 73:5
cf. Midrash Tehillim Shochar Tov Psalms 147.
8. Ten Tribes Will have Been Gathered
Together Within Their Places of Exile.
Hoses 8:10 Yes, though they have hired [Hebrew: yitnu i.e. will have been
placed] among the nations,
Now I will gather them;
The first part of this verse in the Hebrew may be understood to say,
# Even though they will have given themselves over to be like the Gentiles: In
their place of Exile, I will gather them together.#
9. Israeli historian, Benny Morris
Debunks anti-British Slur.
Benny Morris on Palestinan Peoplehood
Israeli historian weighs in on Newt Gingrich’s ‘invented’ remark
By Marc Tracy|December 14, 2011 10:00 AM
Some pointed to the historian Joan
Peters as the source of Gingrich's
She wrote a book, From Time Immemorial, but it was actually panned by
most critics, most historians thought it wasn't solid history. It was
written with a political bent. It's not based on good archival work, good
analysis. It's not taken seriously by most historians.
Look, there were Arabs who migrated into Palestine (this is part of her
argument). Palestine became more habitable, and Arabs immigrated in certain
numbers. But I think the numbers are negligible. I don't think any serious
demographer thinks most of the Palestinians were recent comers.
The Palestinians have no claim to the Land of Israel regardless of where they
The Bible is against them.
Joan Peters in From Time Immemorial claimed that most of the Palestinians were
newcomers who had flooded into the land after the Jews began to arrive
especially after 1917.
Peters claimed that the British had a deliberate policy of bringing in Arabs in
order to nullify Jewish influence.
Some of them may have had such intentions but apparently their influence was
much less significant than Peters said it was.
We discussed this briefly in The Tribes.
We pointed out that Jewish capitalists in general often preferred Arab labor and
that there was a public struggle on this matter.
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