Robert Henvill: Extracts:
Light long boats that could transport up to 80 people are depicted on
rock art at Shagerrak,Sweden;on stone slabs [ca 1300 BCE] in south Sweden and on
a Greek Homeric vase.A horned helmut with knobs on the end ,which is similar to
the head ware of one element of the Sea peoples,was excavated at Sjaelland
Island,Denmark [P Jordan,2004].A HLA-A genetic study by P Deitkiter revealed
that migrants from Poland and Scandinavia journeyed to Macedonia and Greece [no
4. HOMER IN THE BALTIC
http://itis.volta.alessandria.it/ episteme/ep2vinc2.htm Extracts:
A possible key to finally penetrating this puzzling world is provided by
Plutarch (Greek author, 46-120 A.D.). In his work De facie quae in orbe lunae
apparet ("The face that appears in the moon circle"), chap. 26, he makes a
surprising statement: the island of Ogygia, (where Calypso held Ulysses back for
a long time before allowing him to return to Ithaca) is located in the North
Atlantic Ocean, "five days by ship from Britain".
On this subject, the distinguished Swedish scholar, Professor Martin P. Nilsson,
in his works (Homer and Mycenae and The Minoan-Mycenaean Religion and its
Survival in Greek Religion) reports a series of pieces of archaeological
evidence uncovered in the Mycenaean sites in Greece, supporting the fact that
the Achaean population came from the North. Some examples are: the existence of
a large quantity of baltic amber in the most ancient Mycenaean tombs in Greece
(which is not to be ascribed to trade, because the amber is very scarce in later
graves as well as in the coeval Minoan tombs in Crete); the typically Nordic
features of their architecture (the Mycenaean megaron "is identical to the hall
of the ancient Scandinavian Kings"); the "striking similarity" of two stone
slabs found in a tomb in Dendra "with the menhirs known from the Bronze Age of
Central Europe"; the Nordic-type skulls found in the necropolis of Kalkani, etc.
A remarkable affinity between Aegean art and some Scandinavian remains dating
back to the Bronze Age has also been noted, with particular regard to the
figures engraved on Kivik's tomb in Sweden, to the point that a scholar in the
nineteenth century suggested that this monument was built by the Phoenicians!
Another sign of the Achaean presence in the Nordic world in a very distant past
is a Mycenaean graffito found in the megalithic complex of Stonehenge in
Southern England. Other remains revealing the Mycenaean influence were found in
the same area ("Wessex culture"), which date back to a period preceding the
Mycenaean civilisation in Greece. A trace of this sort of contact can be found
also in the Odyssey, which mentions a bronze market placed overseas, in a
foreign country, named "Temese", never found in the Mediterranean area. Since
bronze is an alloy of copper and tin, which in the North is only found in
Cornwall, it's very likely that the mysterious Temese corresponds to the Thames,
named "Tamesis" or "Tamensim" in ancient times. So, following the Odyssey, we
learn that, during the Bronze Age, the ancient Scandinavians used to sail to
Temese/Thames - "placed overseas, in a foreign country" (Od. I, 183-184) - to
supply themselves with bronze.
bronze age trading centre in SE Sweden? Nils-Axel
Bob Lind, Archaeoastronomy
In the Bronze Age, the high-cultures in the Mediterranean had enough copper
(from Cyprus) but shortage of tin for the production of bronze. Tin had to be
imported, as it seems primarily from Brittany. This implies that long-distance
trading was in operation. The bronze was then traded back all over Europe, even
to Sweden. At the same time amber (Danish "rav") originating from the south
Baltic coasts, and most favourably from the Ravlunda area ("rav") in SE Sweden,
started to appear in Mycenae, Knossos and other Mediterranean cities.
The ships depicted in Scandinavian rock carvings resemble nothing known from the
local areas. They are very similar to the Minoan and Phoenician ships, however.
In SE Sweden, there are some old and new findings that support the proposal of a
Minoan and/or Phoenician trading centre. The Kivik Grave has very special stone
carvings, which, already in 1870 made Sven Nilsson propose that we were dealing
with a Minoan trading post. In the same area, there are 3 archaeoastronomic
observatories (or sun-year calendars and sundials); ...The monument lies just at
the present coast and beside a freshwater brook; an ideal place for a harbour.
Foundation stones for a possible harbour construction have been observed, and
among those stones, a fisherman in the early 20th century, found a piece of old
bronze and a pearl that was of Minoan origin according to King Gustav VI
Adolphus, who was an archaeologist.
....a successively stronger argumentation seems to emerge for the existence of a
strong and important trading centre of the Minoan and/or Phoenician cultures in
SE Sweden, which the landing harbour just at the mouth of the Klarbacken Brook
at Vitemolla and beside the Heimdall's Stones.
7. Immigration from Egypt to Scandinavia
in Bronze Age
The fairly new method of DNA could be used if the figures are significant. For
instance it tells that people of Scone and part of Lapland has mtDNA in common
to around 70 %. Naturally that sets more questions than it solves and is like an
enigma. But as a whole the DNA is homogeneous in Scandinavia and it is difficult
to se anomalies. Come to think of the review European DNA by Ulf Erlingsson that
also mentions Gothenburg and together wit Egypt haplogroup T1 22 %.
Not only that. Around 7 years ago I wrote about the exceptional rock-carvings
near Gothenburg in the valley of Gauta Elv. Then I suggested heavy connections
to Egypt and that fits the mtDNA as evidence.
The hand tell us that and we know it from Carthage. That means the origin could
be Tyre and in the temple of Hazor [Canaan -Israel] we see hands holding the
Domestic sword and imported stool found at Jutland [Denmark] is from Egypt
This sword type draws the spread of the Nordic Bronze Age culture and deep to
Europe with some finds here and there. There is also a find in Egypt. They got
the skill in handicraft maybe as early as 2000 BC and I guess they sold swords
on their trade routes. In that period we have also the trader from Kivik Scone.
They got in return a stool that looks like a copy from Tut's tomb. The 14th
century lady from Skrydstrup S Jutland has a coiffure seen on the wall paintings
in Minoan palaces and some other of clear origin.
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